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Best Resume Formats 47+ Free Samples, Examples, Format Download! A Resume Template is an unsw, extremely important document which is used in the case when a person or an night writing, applicant is applying for unsw, a job, a volunteership, an language, internship, an educational course or any other thing. The resume lists down the various details about the candidate such as his/her name, address, phone number, email address, academic details, work experience, skills and qualities etc. Thesis Unsw? Unlock A Great Career Ahead With A Perfect Resume. Your resume is your primary representative in the career world.

Whether you are about to kick-start your career fresh out of your grad or planning a job change, a resume is a current article about, always needed when you are applying for employment. It’s the first thing that your prospective employer will see about you and hence your CV has this duty to present you in unsw the best possible light. 44 Modern Resume Templates Bundle for $69. In Essay Quotes? Stunning Resume Template Bundle for Job seekers $30. Modern Resume / CV Templates Bundle. Latest Chartered Accountant Resume Word Format Free Download. This resume template is one of the best options which you can easily download and unsw, customize to recreate an Accountant’s resume. If you’re a job-applicant for an accountancy job position, this easily customizable resume template is your best bet! Regardless of what can you from essay whether you’re experienced or a fresher, this template has ample space available to let accommodate all details.

It’s an thesis, edgy sample professional resume template that could be customized for global, any profession. The column structure helps you to separate the work related details from the contact data in a precise manner. This booklet style sample professional portfolio resume format renders a state of the art appeal that is sure to thesis, catch the fancy of your potential employers. You will love the customizable columns. Professional Portfolio Resume Format Template Download. If you are looking for a true professional resume format, this portfolio template would be right for cause essay warning, you with its neat clean segregation of unsw all the major pointers of your resume. If you are looking for a minimalist cv format, this Swiss style resume would be handy with its sleek contemporary design- offering a simple yet smart look for all the major sections in your CV.

There are two Resume optional pages. Sample Resume Format Template Download. National Navy? You are getting a bright editable resume format here with beautiful distribution of colors against a white background. The scale graph for thesis unsw, the skills surely offers an edgy touch to night essay, the overall resume. If you need ideas on thesis unsw a resume cover letter format, this art director resume cover letter would provide some idea on the arrangement. You are also getting a resume and portfolio template here. Creative Resume Format Download Free. The most interesting bit of the downloadable resume is the “Quick Facts” section that offers a sneak peek on your great abilities as soon as one starts with your resume.

It follows a neat format overall with separate sections for education, experience, skills interests. Professional Graphic Designer Resume Format. If you are looking for a curriculum vitae format that will you to national essay contest, detail on thesis unsw the profile section, this one would be handy for you. The right side is about your career summary and major projects handled while the space below is for your skills. InfoGraphic Style Resume Format Download. If you are looking for what learn writing a research, cutting edge resume format examples, this Infographic-style resume would be a grand one for you to detail your profile. It has also used funky scale-o-meters for your skills. Swiss Resume PSD Format Template Download. When you need ideas on experience resume format, this resume here would be great with its elaborate space to thesis, note your prolonged career summary. The right side is about your personal information and skills. Modern Resume Format Free Download.

If you are planning a contemporary resume format download, this modern resume template has got the answer for you. It allows you to detail about your profile at left followed by contact information while the cause and effect global warning, right side is thesis, about skills, experiences achievements. Business Format Resume Template Download. Here comes a basic resume format for any business or freelancing activities that you are in. National Essay? It begins with your picture, profile and personal information at the left while the right is about your education, work experience skills. 4 Set Creative #038; Professional Resume Formats. You are getting a set of as many 4 true professional and thesis, creative resume models where you can include a pie-chart instead of text to talk about your skills.

The overall template follows a very urbane feel. The red white combination looks classy and the printable resume here does a smart job by creating enclosed box-headings for each of the sections. It allows you to essay, include several fields to thesis, ensure a comprehensive view on your abilities. Designer Resume Photoshop Format Template Download. You have here a catchy resume format free download for designer resumes where you have both cover letter and portfolio along with the resume. All of news about them have followed a neat contemporary look.

SAP FI Module Resume Format Template. This mba resume format follows a simple yet functional approach without much ornamentation and speaks right to the point- with highlights on only the major pointers like SAP skills professional experience. Sample Designer Resume Format Template. If you are looking for a simple resume format for your designer resume, this minimalist resume here would be handy for you. It just states your profile and the prolonged career summary- the most important thing of your resume. Btech Freshers Resume Format Template.

Banking Investment Resume Format Template. Construction Project Manager Resume Format. BPO Call Centre Resume Template Format. SAP Consultant Resume Template Word Format Free Download. Administrative Assistant Resume Format Free Download. Thesis Unsw? MBA Finance Fresher Resume Word Format Free Download. Sample Teaching Resume Format Template. Data Entry Supervisor Resume Format. Human Resources Manager Resume Format Template.

Format Marketing Accounts Manager Resume Template. Sample Medical Assistant Resume Template. Full Biodata Resume Format Download. In Essay Quotes? 1 Year Experience Resume Format free Download. Resume or Curriculum Vitae Writing Proforma Format. Thesis Unsw? Example of Student Resume Format Download. A resume format is usually chronological but over national contest time functional and combination resume formats have emerged as well. Here is thesis, a brief on in essay quotes all the unsw, 3 formats. It’s the traditional resume format where employment history is listed in the reverse order- commencing with the in essay quotes, current one to the oldest or first job. The tried tested format is a favorite of the HR professionals hiring managers all around.

The chronological format will allow the candidate to thesis, showcase his upward mobility in late night writing the career. It would be useful for thesis, specialist mid-level applicants. You must follow the chronological resume when. You have to portray a vertical progression in your career You more or less had a consistent career with no such big work-experience gaps in between You are planning a change of company but in similar trade. The functional resume format focuses mostly on the skills of the applicant rather than his work experiences. Unlike the conventional chronological format, this one ignores when where the applicant performed or learned those skills. It’s the late writing, fact that the unsw, candidate holds those skills relevant to the specific job opening, is highlighted in the functional format. The functional format would be useful for you when- You need to create a Fresher Resume Format Templates with no previous work experience but when you are confident about your skills You have big gaps in your career history You are looking forward to promote a particular skill set.

As the name suggests, combination resume focuses on a fusion of the traditional chronological functional resumes. Such a resume would usually start with professional profile/summary of qualifications which will include your skills, abilities achievements that are pertinent to the specific job opening you are applying for- it’s for the functional side. The introductory section would be followed by a current about, job experience, education (B.E) additional related sections in the reverse chronological format. Such a resume would be great when- You are looking forward to highlight a well-developed relevant skill set You have mastered your art You are planning a switch to another industry. For example, let’s say you are working as an thesis unsw, investment banker but you are really good at cartoons or conceptual sketching- such artistic skills would be a wealth for advertising industry in case you are planning to turn your hobbies into your profession. Formatting a resume is no rocket science but you have to be really strategic with the and effect global, overall planning. As mentioned earlier, the thesis, traditional chronological approach is from writing essay, relevant when you are proud of the upward mobility that you have attained in your career. If you are a person with huge or at unsw least some professional experience in your industry- the chronological style would be the proper resume format for essay navy, you. The best resume format for a functional resume strategically groups the thesis unsw, key skills abilities of the candidate in various categories to explain his eligibility expertise for some particular job. Essay Writing? The skill-based focus will enable you to pull the prospective employer’s attention on your strength which would in turn divert the focus from thesis, your absent or flawed employment record.

For example, let’s say you are applying for the position of a sales manager in a MNC with an thesis papers, international market- and in such a case your functional resume would stress on categories with headings like “team building leadership expertise”, “fluency in foreign languages” etc. In some of cases, the functional resume is completely devoid of the employment history. Thesis? Even if it is mentioned, it appears at the very bottom of the warning, resume or in the next page to de-stress on its importance. When you are planning a combination resume , you have to commence with your key qualifications skills. You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to thesis, the job application here. The strategy here is to fill up 80-85% of your resume with your skills talents and the rest 15-20 percent would be about your career history. Unlike the functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. A Current Computer Technology? Make sure it’s easy to read Use bullet points and adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about your skills under same category and double-spacing before the start of another category. Use contextual keywords relevant to your job position industry. Use formal fonts and the font size should be 14 for headings and 12 for the rest.

You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc. Begin the resume with summary sentence so that the thesis unsw, hiring manager can have a blue-print of national essay contest your skills abilities at a glance. Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to the relevant job opening. Focus on unsw quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is allowed in news technology your resume. Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at thesis handling big teams for crucial projects”. Article About Technology? Don’t use informal email ids in contact details. Don’t use chronological resume when you have big gaps in thesis your career. Don’t include irrelevant personal hobbies. What Can You Learn Essay? No lengthy resume.

Don’t lie in your resume and thesis unsw, be honest. When you are looking for best resume format examples, we at are ready to help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Cause And Effect Global Warning? Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and a professional tone but it may not be possible for everyone to get it right. Thus one can make use of unsw a resume format. A resume format is national essay contest navy, a detailed layout and unsw, format of a resume which can be used by those who are confused about the format of such a formal document. What Can You Essay? A resume format is divided into sections and thesis unsw, categories in the exact same way as needed in a resume. It gives the users a reference point of view and idea of how a professional Resume Templates must look like. Resume formats may also be provided with the main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for better use and reference of the users. What makes a resume format the best resume format is the manner in which it is national essay contest, drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to unsw, the user.

It must be time saving for the user to use and customize and should also be self-explanatory. The following are some of the contents of a resume format which truly make it ‘best’: What is the thesis, format of a CV?(100 Words) When it comes to CV, it has to be professional. There are different types of CV possible depending on the purpose of its use and the expectation of the targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of CVs will have different formats. For example, CV for applying in thesis unsw an IT firm would be different from a CV to cause and effect essay global, apply for a marketing company. Unsw? Instead of taking the what writing a research, risk of designing CV format yourself, it is better to download for sample CV collection.

For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and you can choose the best one that appeals to you and fill in the details to unsw, send it out. What kind of Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of resume available. They are chronological, functional, combinational and targeted. Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the thesis language papers, data sequentially for the employers to find them easily at thesis the very first glance. In case you have some lapse in your work and study, then it is better to use a functional resume to thesis, cover it up skillfully. Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and your work history matters more than basic data. Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to spend more time preparing it. Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and some samples to make a perfect resume yourself. Thesis? Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes?

Depending on the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats. If the job requirement is for freshers only, employers would like to news article, receive chronological resumes as the data and information about the candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to locate required information easily. But in the case of thesis hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and skills get the priority. But in general, employers prefer chronological resume format. In Essay Quotes? Therefore, you need to download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to apply in unsw IT firm and and effect essay global warning, then based on thesis the job requirements, you have to a current news about, form the resume that the employers would prefer the most. To write a resume, you have to collect all the required data and thesis, information about you in one place. Then you have to cause and effect essay global, download some sample resumes and resume templates as per the purpose of the resume. For example, if you are applying in unsw an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for a post of HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates. After downloading them, open them and thesis papers, start filling the thesis unsw, details. If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to omit and thesis language papers, delete them. Thesis Unsw? You should refer to sample resume for checking out how exactly to in essay quotes, fill the data and unsw, information to look impressive. what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats.

Out of the four different types of resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of years. On the other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at thesis papers least experience of working in two and more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and has done many internships in the past. There are multiple formats available in these two categories and unsw, one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the most used resumes in the world. In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the recent to the earliest format.

For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by news about, the college degree and then at last school qualification. Similarly, in thesis work experience, your recent work would be listed and in national the end, you can have your internships. This is the most preferred Writer Resumes format by the employers as it is easy for them to get a snapshot of everything very quickly in their mind. There are various types of chronological formats available and unsw, you should download freshers resume format templates to get all the variations and choose the night essay, best.

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Theses - UNSW Library - UNSW Sydney

patent resume The present application is a continuation application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. Thesis? 13/435,991 filed in the United States Patent Office on Mar. 30, 2012, the entire contents of which is incorporated herein by reference. FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE.

The present disclosure relates generally managing a power-up process for thesis communication devices and more particularly to enhancing a hibernate and thesis resume process using user space synchronization. Hibernate and resume processes for computing devices are being increasingly utilized to achieve fast boot times to national essay navy minimize user wait. The hibernate process allows a state of thesis, a computing device to be saved and allows the computing device to be subsequently powered off. That is, software processes executing within an operating system of the a current news article about technology computing device can be “frozen” or stored in thesis unsw, a snapshot, where the snapshot is stored in a nonvolatile memory. Any number of occurrences can cause a resume process to initiate a computing device in what learn writing a research essay, a state where one or more system parameters or values are improper. For example, many devices include mechanical controls, knobs, dials, and thesis unsw the like. These mechanical controls can be in one position when a hibernation process runs and in thesis papers, a different position when a resume process runs. Thesis Unsw? Each mechanical control setting can have a corresponding value maintained in in essay quotes, volatile memory by a data structure of an operating system. When one or more internal values are improper for a current state of the device, any number of negative results can occur.

For example, the device can detect the improper value and thesis unsw can adjust for it, which lengthens a processing time of the resume process and/or adds user-experienced latency, which diminishes a user experience with the computing device. In another example, improper values established during a resume process can result in irregular device behavior (i.e., improper volume when the news computer technology mechanical control is for a volume, improper state when the mechanical control is for a communication state, etc.). In still another example, improper values from a resume process can cause software crashes and other unexpected errors. What is thesis, needed is an improvement to a hibernate and resume process, which minimizes or prevents problems with parameter values being improper when resuming from a snapshot. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES. The accompanying figures, where like reference numerals refer to identical or functionally similar elements throughout the separate views, together with the news about technology detailed description below, are incorporated in and form part of the specification, and serve to further illustrate embodiments of concepts that include the claimed invention, and explain various principles and advantages of those embodiments.

FIG. 1 is a block diagram for thesis unsw enhancing a hibernate and cause global a resume process in accordance with embodiments of the disclosure. FIG. 2 is a flow chart for methods for thesis enhancing a hibernate and and effect global resume process in accordance with an embodiment of the thesis unsw inventive arrangements disclosed herein. FIG. Cause Essay Global? 3 shows a message sequence chart of a freezing/hibernation process in thesis, accordance with an embodiment of the late writing inventive arrangements disclosure herein.

FIG. Unsw? 4 shows a message sequence chart of a thawing/resume process in accordance with an embodiment of the national essay navy inventive arrangements disclosure herein. FIG. Thesis Unsw? 5 is a schematic diagram illustrating a system for in essay quotes implementing a hibernate and resume process in accordance with embodiments of the disclosure. Skilled artisans will appreciate that elements in the figures are illustrated for simplicity and thesis clarity and have not necessarily been drawn to scale. For example, the dimensions of some of the article technology elements in thesis unsw, the figures may be exaggerated relative to other elements to help to improve understanding of embodiments of the present invention. The apparatus and method components have been represented where appropriate by conventional symbols in the drawings, showing only those specific details that are pertinent to thesis papers understanding the embodiments of the present invention so as not to unsw obscure the disclosure with details that will be readily apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art having the benefit of the description herein.

A method, apparatus, system, and/or computer program product for hibernate and resume processes for a computing device. Navy? In the unsw disclosure, before hibernating a computing device, system software components can be notified of an upcoming hibernation process. Essay Contest? In one embodiment, the notifications are conveyed through an application program interface (API). At least a portion of the system software components can perform one or more pre-hibernation activities to place that system software component in thesis, a ready-to-resume state. Article Computer? Each system software component can indicate when it is ready for hibernation.

Responsive to receiving an thesis, indication from each of the system software components indicating the each of the system software components is ready for hibernation, the hibernation process can complete. The completed hibernation process creates a snapshot in nonvolatile memory. The snapshot saves state information for each of the system software components. The state information is for the ready-to-resume state of the system software components. The disclosure leverages a fact that snapshots saved herein start system software components at a meaningful and deliberate point in execution (i.e., in a ready-to-resume state).

In other words, prior art solutions for a snapshot used for hibernate/resume processes attempt to record a system state at an arbitrary point, which results in system software components not being afforded an opportunity to prepare for hibernation (i.e., no pre-hibernation activities for system software occur). A Current Article Computer Technology? In the unsw disclosure, placing the system software components in a ready-to-resume state ensures that processes for can you learn writing a research each of the system software components are started at a specific point in execution, such as just at or near an execution point where initialization code of the unsw system software component runs. In many embodiments, the ready-to-resume state of the software applications can be deliberately saved and re-used at will. For example, a set of one or more snapshot images can be created at thesis language, a factory even before a machine is shipped and unsw sold (or when an operating system of the machine is loaded). Additionally, a new “baseline” or “reference” snapshot can be created when system software components, the operating system, and/or hardware of a machine is upgraded.

Having a reliable snapshot can permit a machine to boot faster, as the system software components do not have to article technology start from a “cold” state, but can be directly loaded (from a non-volatile memory to a volatile memory) in unsw, a warm state (e.g., the ready-to-resume one), which reduces the overall power-up time of the in essay quotes machine. In one embodiment, power-up time can be further improved by powering up a subset of the system software components that provide a core desired functionality to a computing device and then subsequently powering up the remaining system software components. That is, the resume process can be optimized in contemplated embodiments to occur in a staged fashion, where functionality is provided to thesis unsw end-users at each stage. In one embodiment, a machine can leverage the snapshot having “ready-to-resume” system software components for quick recovery from error conditions, by simply cycling power and in essay quotes resuming from a snapshot image. FIG. Thesis? 1 is what from, a block diagram for thesis enhancing a hibernate 120 and thesis language papers a resume 130 process in accordance with embodiments of the disclosure. The disclosure further leverages snapshots of thesis, system software components that have been placed in a ready-to-resume state, for in essay quotes many situations. Snapshots as used herein are not restricted to ones created from a user-initiated hibernation process, but also include ones created at unsw, a factory, created responsive to a system upgrade, and/or created upon in essay quotes a system detecting that no “reference” or “baseline” snapshot exists. Thesis? Unlike conventional hibernate processes of in essay quotes, prior art, in hibernate process 120 , system software components 116 of an operating system 110 are notified that a hibernation action has been initiated before a snapshot 120 is created (or the unsw snapshot 122 is created at a factory or at another time with system software components 116 being in a ready-to-resume state). System software components 116 can include applications, processes, and drivers that maintain state information within a volatile memory (e.g., random access memory or RAM).

This permits each system software component 116 to prepare itself for hibernation by performing zero or more pre-hibernation activities that places that system software in essay, a ready-to-resume state. Thesis Unsw? Not all system software components 116 necessarily need to perform a pre-hibernation activity for every operating state. After optionally performing pre-hibernation activities, each notified system software 116 component can report that it is cause and effect global warning, ready to unsw hibernate. What Writing? Once all notified components have reported that they are ready for hibernation, a create snapshot operation 119 can be triggered, which creates snapshot 122 . In one embodiment, the pre-hibernation actions can occur in the user space 113 , while a hibernate process 120 is initiated from unsw a kernel space 111 and while the snapshot 122 is created by a process executing in the kernel space 111 . A snapshot 122 is essay global, created responsive to many different events, in accordance with various contemplated embodiments of the disclosure. For example, the hibernate action is initiated from thesis unsw a user action to hibernate. In another example, the hibernate action is initiated from a time-out period associated with hibernation. In yet another example, the hibernate action is initiated from a system boot-up time detection of a lack of an existing reference (in this latter case, power-down actions often associated with a hibernation process need not occur). Night Essay? These examples are non-limiting and others are contemplated.

In one embodiment, notifications of the hibernate action are initiated from an thesis, application program interface (API) 114 established for hibernate/resume processes 120 , 130 . A notification function such as “get_( )” can be used for this purpose. Can You Learn From A Research? When the notifications are sent from an API 114 messages from each of the system software 116 components can be conveyed back to the API 114 . For example, a function such as the shown “report_ready( )” function or an thesis unsw, equivalent can be used for this purpose. In Essay Quotes? Use of an API 114 for communications to the system software components 116 can be a useful standardized approach, especially for hibernation/resume processes 120 , 130 implemented within a kernel space 111 of the operating system 110 and/or for those implemented at a BIOS level of the computing device 102 . The resume process 130 can be initiated by thesis many different events and for different situations or purposes, in accordance with various contemplated embodiments of the disclosure. For example, the resume process 130 occurs on system start-up to enable a “fast boot”. A Current News? In another example, the thesis unsw resume process 130 occurs from in essay quotes a hibernate, sleep, or other power-saving state of a computing device 102 . In still another example, the thesis resume process 130 is triggered by a system error (which triggers a power-cycle then resume, or which triggers a system reset/restore then resume). Similarly, the national essay contest resume process 130 can be triggered by any exception as part of a recovery process from an unknown state, from erroneous behavior, and the like (i.e., the unsw resume process 130 from a known snapshot can occur as part of an exception handling process). In one embodiment, different snapshots 122 (e.g., a reference snapshot, a recovery snapshot, and the like) are able to national navy be stored by the computing device 102 and thesis can be linked to different resume process situations. Regardless, once the resume process 130 is what learn writing, initiated, power on measures (if needed) are taken to restore power to system components. The snapshot 122 , which was stored in the non-volatile memory, is accessed and read, which loads volatile memory with the previously stored state 124 information. Unlike prior art implementations, the saved state 124 is one that the previously running software system components 116 were able to prepare for, by operationally executing a set of pre-hibernation actions, thereby placing the unsw snapshot 122 stored version of each of the system software components 116 in a ready-to-resume state.

Thus, the system software components 116 are less likely to experience synchronization problems upon learn a research essay resuming from hibernation compared with conventional hibernation processes. For example, a ready-to-resume state for the system software components 116 can be a state existing immediately before variables subject to change during a power-off period of hibernation (for example, values linked to a mechanical control of device 112 can be initiated from the ready-to-resume state) are acquired. Similarly, the ready-to-resume state can be positioned at an execution point, where the operating system 110 checks for changes to removable peripherals (e.g., Universal Serial Bus or other plug-and-play devices) before actions dependent on thesis, these devices are attempted. In one embodiment, timing sequences and cause essay dependencies among variables of the operating system 110 and/or the thesis unsw system software components 116 can be taken into consideration. Thus, variables, values, and other communications can occur between the system software components 116 and the operating system 110 during the resume process 130 . For example, different ones of the system software components 116 can include a set of late night essay writing, multiple processes and/or even sub-processes. For example, one of the thesis unsw software components 116 can include processes A, B, and C and sub-processes A1 and late night essay B1, as shown.

These processes and thesis unsw sub-processes can be sequenced against one another or other running processes or sub-processes of the operating system 110 . State saved variables 124 can require these timing sequences be properly sequenced and/or synchronized to each other, which is possible in can you learn essay, the disclosure due to software components 116 being able to thesis unsw take pre-hibernation activities to in essay quotes place each in a ready-to-resume state or execution position before the unsw snapshot 122 is taken. The proper sequencing is in essay quotes, simply ensuring a proper state 124 is reached, as specified in the snapshot 122 . Unsw? Further, pre-hibernation activities can include optimizations designed to rapidly restore a computing device 102 to in essay quotes its previous state (or to a default, reference or baseline state) upon execution of unsw, a resume process 130 . In hibernate process 120 , each of the what can you from writing a research system software components 116 are in an arbitrary state when a message to prepare for hibernation is received. Pre-hibernation activities transition each of the software components 116 from this arbitrary state to a ready-to-resume state. In one instance, a ready-to-resume state can be a state where software components 116 are prepared to execute initialization operations upon resume (e.g., resume process 130 ). For example, a software component 116 can be transitioned into thesis unsw, a ready-to-resume state by moving the execution pointer to execute an in essay quotes, initialization operation upon resume. It should be appreciated that the hibernate process 120 can include one or more modes of operation including protected mode and supervisor mode, where the different modes can have an effect on pre-hibernation activities performed by the software components 116 . In general, the hibernate process 120 is one where the thesis computing device 102 is able to power down while retaining its state information (e.g., state 124 ). In Essay Quotes? In one embodiment, the power-down process is thesis, optional while the contest saving of state information to a snapshot 122 is required. That is, upon hibernation, the computing device 102 saves contents of its volatile memory (e.g., random access memory or RAM) into a non-volatile memory, as a snapshot 122 . The computing device 102 then can completely power down in thesis, one embodiment, which conserves power. National Contest? The resume process 130 causes the thesis computing device 102 to be powered on and then retrieves the late writing saved state 124 information from the snapshot 122 . As used herein, hibernate process 120 can be distinguished from a sleep process, in that a sleep process provides power to non-volatile memory so that stored state information is retained, thereby negating a need to save the state 124 information to a snapshot 122 (i.e., in a non-volatile memory). Techniques for notifying system software components can be applied to thesis a sleep process, as well as to a hibernate process 120 , as detailed herein.

Additionally, the hibernation process 120 of the disclosure can be a hybrid hibernate/sleep process, where content of thesis papers, volatile memory are copied to a non-volatile storage as a snapshot when the thesis unsw computing device 102 enters a sleep mode; thereby, permitting state to be restored even if power is late essay writing, lost to the device 102 . In one embodiment, the hibernate 120 and resume 130 processes are designed to be substantially compliant with the thesis Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) specification. A Current About Technology? In other contemplated embodiments, the ACPI specification itself can be expanded to thesis unsw include innovations detailed herein. Alternatively, the late night essay hibernation 120 and resume processes 130 can be implemented in a proprietary manner that is incompatible with the ACPI specification. Unsw? It should be noted that situations are contemplated (such as fault recovery using a previously stored snapshot 122 ), where a resume process 130 does not require a hibernation process 120 to occur, but only in essay quotes, requires that a suitable snapshot 120 exist. Operating system 110 can refer to a set of unsw, executable code which can manage computer hardware resources and can provide common services. Operating system 110 can include low level hardware device drivers.

In one embodiment, operating system 110 can be illustrated as a virtual memory representation of a physical memory (e.g., RAM) segregating the operating system into a kernel space 111 and a user space 113 . Kernel space 111 can include virtual memory reserved for running the kernel 112 , kernel 112 extensions (e.g., modules), device drivers, and the like. For example, kernel space 111 can be utilized to in essay quotes execute kernel 112 operations. Kernel 112 can include, but is not limited to, a monolithic kernel, a microkernel, a hybrid kernel, a modular kernel, a nanokernel, an exokernel, and the like. User space 113 can include virtual memory utilized for executing system software component including, but not limited to, hibernate Application Programming Interface (API) 114 , system software components 116 , drivers, utility software, and the like. User space 113 can include multiple processes (e.g., process A, process B) and sub-processes (e.g., sub-processes A1 and B1) associated with system services (e.g., networking, indexing, etc.). API 114 represents a collection of functionality, which can permit improved hibernate and resume processes 120 , 130 described herein. API 114 permits user space system software components 116 to enter a ready-to-resume state before hibernation occurs.

API 114 can include, but is not limited to, a library, a framework, and the like. API 114 can conform to traditional and/or proprietary languages including, but not limited to, C, C++, JAVA, and thesis unsw the like. System software components 116 can each be components able to execute within user space 113 . Each component 116 manipulates and/or consume hardware and/or software resources of the cause global warning computing device 102 . System software components 116 may include, but are not limited to, a process, a thread, a daemon, and thesis unsw the like. That is, system software components 116 may include a set of what learn from essay, one or more processes (e.g., process A, process B), sub-processes (e.g., sub-process A1 and thesis unsw B1), and the like. In one instance, system software components 116 share hardware and/or software constructs with other system software components 116 to perform execution during an execution state. Thesis Language Papers? For example, a process A and process B associated with one or more software components 116 can utilize a semaphore to communicate with each other. Thesis? In one embodiment, API 114 provides functionality for detecting and handling process exception. Essay? In the unsw embodiment, API 114 detects and responds appropriately to an unresponsive process (e.g., zombie process), a memory leak, a suspended process, and the like.

Snapshot 122 can be a process image reflecting the ready-to-resume state of the papers system software components 116 . In one instance, state 124 information of the snapshot 122 includes an exact replica of a process control block associated with system software components 116 , approximately at a time the snapshot 122 was taken. State information 124 can include, but is not limited to process states, sub-process states, object information (e.g., object state), addressing information (e.g., execution pointers, data pointer), process identifier (e.g., PID) number, register contents, flag state, switch state, address space information, (e.g., upper and unsw lower memory bounds), opened files, process priority, I/O device status, and the like. In one embodiment, snapshot 122 is utilized to restore system software component 116 state regardless of thesis language, prior state. That is, snapshot 122 is employed to thesis enable a reusable image which can be utilized to rapidly restore one or more of the software components 116 to language a specified state. In one instance, a snapshot 122 is created in a manufacturing factory and can be utilized at thesis, each resume to restore the device to a factory state. When changes are made to the hardware configuration of the computing device 102 and/or to the software components 116 , a “factory” or reference state of late night essay, a snapshot 112 is updated to thesis reflect these changes. Using a reference snapshot 122 can greatly decrease the time necessary for the hibernate process 120 . Further, a “reference” hibernate state is able to be enhanced with variable values for an operating system of the system software components 116 in one embodiment. These values may be explicitly determined and made available for the snapshot 122 as part of preparing each of the in essay quotes system software components 116 for hibernation. FIG. 2 is a flow chart for methods 201 , 250 for enhancing a hibernate and resume process in accordance with an embodiment of the thesis inventive arrangements disclosed herein.

Method 201 is hibernate process for news article technology a sequence of steps associated with a suspension of an operating system and/or system software. As previously noted, snapshots may exist that were created by processes other than the hibernate process 201 , such as “born ready” snapshots created at a factory and shipped with a machine. Method 250 is unsw, a resume process for a sequence of steps associated with the resuming of an thesis papers, operating system and/or system software from a snapshot stored in a non-volatile memory. Hibernate process 201 begins when a system message or notification is sent to running software components informing these components that a hibernation process have been initiated. Thesis Unsw? Responsive to receiving this notification or message, each software component can perform a set of pre-hibernate actions to thesis language papers place itself in a ready-to-resume state. For example and as shown by thesis step 205 , a system component detects a hibernate event and/or notification. This notification can occur in night essay, various manners.

In one embodiment, a TIF_FREEZE flag can exist for initiating a hibernate preparation procedure. In an alternate embodiment, a non-hibernate event can be substituted, which triggers a creation of a snapshot, but that doesn't necessarily result in a computing device entering a power off or power saving mode. For example, if no baseline snapshot is detected for a computing device at thesis unsw, load time in one embodiment of the disclosure, a snapshot creation event may be automatically triggered. In step 210 , a preparation or pre-hibernation (or pre-snapshot creation) activity associated with the hibernate event is late writing, initiated by the software content. The preparation action may include, halting thread creation, consolidating memory usage, flushing a cache, emptying a queue/buffer, and the like. In step 215 , a notification of the pending hibernation action is optionally conveyed to unsw dependent processes. News Article Computer? In step 220 , one or more processes, sub-processes, of the software component may release one or more resources in use. For example, a software component can release mutually exclusive resources prior to hibernate as part of a hibernate preparation procedure. Thesis Unsw? In step 225 , if the software component is ready for late essay hibernation (e.g., all pre-hibernation activities have been performed), the method continues to step 230 . Otherwise, additional pre-hibernation activities are performed for unsw that software component, as expressed by the method progressing from step 225 to step 210 . In step 230 , the what essay software component has reached a ready-to-resume state.

This may be a “special state” in which the software component is no longer responsive to thesis unsw requests—other than a resume request, in warning, one embodiment. Thesis Unsw? In step 240 , the software component sends a notification that it is language papers, ready for hibernation. Thesis? Steps 205 through 240 can be performed by language papers each running software component. The hibernation process may be delayed until all software components have reported that they are ready for hibernation, as shown by the delay loop of decision block 242 . Time-out checks are imposed to ensure that a hibernation activity is aborted as unsuccessful after a previously established duration passes in unsw, one embodiment. In another embodiment, after a time-out period to respond, a hibernation activity occurs even though not all software components have reported that they are ready for late night essay hibernation. Once all the system software components are ready for hibernation (or a time-out period has occurred), hibernation is unsw, initiated where a snapshot is generated, as shown by step 244 . Resume process 250 begins in step 255 , where a resume notification from an operating system is received. In step 260 , an appropriate snapshot is selected based on what learn essay, the notification. In one instance, the thesis unsw notification allows the system software to national essay contest navy resume correctly when executing within an operating system supporting multiple modes or users, where the appropriate snapshot is one specifically for a current mode or user. Thesis? In another instance, the about snapshot selected can be a specific snapshot, such as a reference/baseline snapshot, a boot snapshot, a recovery snapshot, and thesis the like. In step 265 , the snapshot is utilized to resume software execution.

The snapshot can be employed to can you essay return each system software component to thesis its ready-to-resume state, as shown by step 270 . The ready-to-resume state is one in which a software component is ready to resume, where it checks for essay unknown conditions subject to thesis unsw change during hibernation. For example, the essay contest navy ready-to-resume state of a software component is unsw, one where that software component initially reads a state of a mechanical control or switch, and adjusts corresponding values based on this read position. The ready-to-resume state also checks an news article about, operating system mode and whether necessary computing components (which may be disabled or disconnected/reconnected to a computing device, such as USB peripherals) are in an expected state or not. If not, values of that software component can be quickly adjusted in unsw, an appropriate manner, as opposed to in essay quotes the software component attempting an thesis unsw, operation dependent upon a resource that is language papers, not available, which is a situation common for software components that have been frozen or hibernated at an arbitrary execution state (as opposed to thesis the novel ready-to-resume state). It should be appreciated that different timing sequences may be established for hibernating and/or resuming the different system software components. That is, a multi-staged hibernate/resume process is contemplated in essay writing, one embodiment, where different ones of the system software components may have to wait until other ones of the system software components achieve an execution state before that component is “frozen” or “thawed” in thesis, accordance with a staged hibernate/resume process. News Article About? Thus, one of the unsw system software components can be re-enabled very quickly from a snapshot relative to another of the system software components. In one embodiment, software component specific “THAW” and/or “FREEZE” or “RESUME” messages can be used to thesis language papers control timing and sequencing during the hibernate 201 or resume 250 processes.

Additionally, in one contemplated embodiment, a multi-staged hibernate/resume process ensures that each stage has grouped subsets of unsw, system software components necessary to provide end-user functionality. Navy? This can permit “core functionality” of unsw, a computing device to be restored for in essay quotes end-user use as soon as possible, responsive to a resume process 250 having been initiated. For example, in a smart phone computing device, one stage can provide core telephony functionality, a later stage can provide basic user interface functionality, and a final stage can provide functionality to access the Web via a browser and/or non-essential applications installed on the device. Further, the multi-stage resume process 250 can be situationally tailored in one contemplated embodiment. For instance, if a resume process 250 is triggered based on thesis, a fatal error (i.e., the resume process 250 is used to recover from an error), then functionality the language user was utilizing at the time of the error (if known) can be restored in a prioritized manner before functionality that the user was not utilizing at the time of the error. Thus, the end-user is able to utilize the thesis unsw desired functionality as rapidly as possible, which means the perceived or effective resume time is minimized through a multi-stage resume technique. FIG. 3 shows a message sequence chart 300 of late essay writing, a freezing/hibernation process in accordance with an embodiment of the inventive arrangements disclosure herein. The message sequence chart 300 shows a snapshot creation process during a boot-up sequence, such as may occur automatically when no existing snapshot is unsw, stored for a computing device.

The message sequence chart 300 shows that during the boot process, a freeze daemon 316 is started. The freeze daemon 316 can wait for messages from other components 318 - 326 of the in essay quotes system to indicate that they are ready to be frozen. Once all the components 318 - 326 have reported that they are ready, then the freeze daemon 316 can send a message to the kernel 312 to start the freezing process. To elaborate on chart 300 , a start message is sent from boot loader 310 to kernel 312 . At the kernel 312 , an initialize process 340 , a start driver process 342 , a mount file system process 344 , and a load init program process 346 can execute. The init process 314 can bring up Android® (or another operating system). As part of the init process 314 , a freeze daemon 316 , an audio system 318 , a push to talk (PTT) handler 320 , a dispatch audio handler 322 , a dispatch application 324 , and a DekTec Application Programming Interface (DTAPI) 326 can be started, as shown in chart 300 by a series of start messages.

The freeze daemon 316 , audio system 318 , push to unsw talk (PTT) handler 320 , dispatch audio handler 322 , dispatch application 324 , and DekTec Application Programming Interface (DTAPI) 326 are illustrative system software components, which will vary in essay navy, quantity and nature from thesis unsw computing device to computing device, and others are contemplated. Upon starting, the freeze daemon 316 waits for freeze messages from the other components 318 - 326 . Each component 318 - 326 optionally performs a set of pre-hibernate or pre-snapshot activities, then sends a “FREEZE ME” message to the freeze daemon 316 . Cause And Effect Global Warning? By sending the thesis unsw “FREEZE ME” message, each component 318 - 326 is indicating that it has placed itself in a ready-to-resume state. While in this ready-to-resume state, each component 318 - 326 can wait for a THAW message, as shown by wait processes 352 , 354 , 356 , 358 , and 360 , respectively. The freeze daemon 316 sends a “FREEZE SYSTEM” message to the kernel 312 , which subsequently executes a system freeze 362 . FIG. 4 shows a message sequence chart 400 of a thawing/resume process in cause and effect global, accordance with an embodiment of the inventive arrangements disclosure herein. Thesis Unsw? The message sequence chart 400 shows that during a power-up process, the kernel 312 detects an writing a research essay, image or snapshot and then loads it. Unsw? After the image is loaded, the system resumes in a state where it was previously frozen. The freeze daemon can inform all of the national navy waiting components 320 - 326 that they can be thawed. To elaborate on chart 400 , a start message is sent from boot loader 310 to kernel 312 . At the kernel 312 , an thesis, initialize process 340 and national contest navy a start drivers process 342 can run. Then an image or snapshot can be detected by a process 410 running in the kernel 312 . The image can be loaded by thesis process 412 . National Contest Navy? A resume process can be initiated by unsw process 412 . In Essay Quotes? Towards this end, a wake message can be sent from the kernel 312 to the freeze daemon. Thaw message can be sent to each of the system software components 320 - 326 , which before the thesis thaw message(s) were in a current news about technology, a wait state 352 - 360 , as shown.

Freeze daemon 316 can wait for a period (e.g., 3 seconds), after which a post thaw script is run 420 . FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram illustrating a system 500 for thesis unsw implementing a hibernate and resume process in national essay navy, accordance with embodiments of the disclosure. As used herein, hibernate can include persisting system software component state information resident in thesis, volatile memory 524 to a current about computer technology a non-volatile memory 526 , specifically to a snapshot 560 . Resume can include loading system software state information from unsw a stored snapshot 560 to a volatile memory 524 . In one embodiment, the essay snapshot 560 is a digitally encoded data structure able to persist software component state information. In various embodiments of the disclosure, each snapshot 560 need not be created by a hibernate process (i.e., some snapshots 560 can be “born ready”) and each resume process need not occur from a hibernation state (i.e., the resume process can occur from thesis a sleep state, from a fault state, and the like). Computing device 510 can be a hardware/software entity permitting the execution of cause essay, operating system 530 . Device 510 may include, hardware 512 , software 514 , firmware, and the like.

In various embodiments, computing device 510 can be, but is not limited to, a mobile computing device, a mobile phone, a two-way radio, a laptop, a desktop computer, a tablet, a personal digital assistant, and thesis the like. The hardware 512 can include, but is not limited to, a processor 520 , a bus 522 , a volatile memory 524 , a non-volatile memory 526 , and the like. Additional hardware 512 components (not shown), such as an input/output peripherals, network transceivers, audio transducers, and the like may also exist for the computing device 510 . Software 514 can include, but is in essay quotes, not limited to operating system 530 , system software 536 , snapshot 560 , and the like. The operating system (OS) 530 can include, but are not limited to, kernel 532 , executable code 534 , and the like. The operating system 530 may or may not include a graphics manager. In one embodiment, the operating system 530 can include, but is not limited to, GNU LINUX, UNIX, WINDOWS®, and other operating systems implementing a hibernate/resume process. Executable code 534 represents one or more instruction sets for establishing user space initialization of hibernation and resume. Executable code 534 can include, but is not limited to, process manager 542 , snapshot handler 544 , settings 546 , and unsw the like. Code 534 functionality can include, but is not limited to, power control of device 510 , state transition functionality, and the like. Navy? For example, code 534 can be a user space service able to initiate hibernate preparation actions associated with system software 536 . Process manager 542 can be a portion of executable code able to unsw perform hibernate and national essay resume functionality within a user space. Manager 542 functionality can include, but is not limited to, process communication, process registration, process deregistration, and the like.

In one instance, manager 542 can be used to thesis track process state. Contest? In the instance, manager 542 can poll software 536 to determine hibernate readiness. Unsw? In one embodiment, manager 542 can be configured to in essay quotes be responsive to software 536 errors. Unsw? In one configuration of the embodiment, when software 536 hangs, manager 542 can determine an appropriate historic snapshot and automatically terminate the process. Thesis Language Papers? In the configuration, the historic snapshot can be utilized to restart the process upon resume. Unsw? In another configuration of the in essay quotes embodiment, when software 536 hangs, manager 542 can convey a notification to unsw a user interface. In one embodiment, manager 542 can utilize settings 550 to cause global warning control hibernation and/or resume. The settings 550 can present state data saved for thesis unsw software components responsive to a hibernate process. Snapshot handler 544 can be a software entity for contest navy managing snapshot 560 . Handler 544 functionality can include, but is not limited to, snapshot 560 creation, snapshot 560 deletion, snapshot 560 manipulation, snapshot 560 retrieval, and thesis the like. Handler 544 can utilize traditional and/or proprietary mechanisms to create and/or manage snapshot 560 . In one instance, handler 544 can utilize a process identifier to uniquely identify a snapshot with a software.

In one embodiment, handler 544 can employ traditional and/or proprietary compression mechanisms to enable reduced snapshot size. In the embodiment, handler 544 can be utilized to compress and/or optimize snapshot 560 . Settings 546 can include one or more rulesets for national contest establishing the behavior of device 510 , system 530 , executable code 534 and/or system software 536 . Settings 546 can include, but is not limited to, process manager 542 , snapshot handler 544 , and the like. Settings 546 can be manually and/or automatically determined. Thesis? In one instance, settings 546 can be configured via a user interface 562 . The above disclosure permits executing software components (processes, applications, drivers, etc.) to become aware of a pending hibernation process (or any process that creates a snapshot, so that the software components are able to enter a ready-to-resume state). This added awareness permits the software components to get into an appropriate point for what from re-launch, which is referred to unsw as a ready-to-resume state. Essay Writing? This awareness overcomes problems with applications being frozen in an arbitrary state. This awareness (and per-hibernation activities occurring in response) permits the disclosure to unsw overcomes problems with hardware and/or mechanical control changes occurring for a device while it is in a hibernate state. Applicants emphasize that in a typical hibernation process, drivers are told to go into a quiescent state. The disclosure approaches hibernation from can you learn from writing a research essay the opposite direction, and allows system software components to tell the kernel that they are ready to thesis be frozen after all pre-freeze initialization actions (pre-hibernate activities) have been performed. In one embodiment, a snapshot can be automatically created at system power-up or boot time, assuming no snapshot exists for a computing device. In one embodiment, a saved snapshot can be used to recover quickly from an error condition, by cycling power and cause resuming from the saved snapshot.

Additionally, in one embodiment, features can be implemented that permit frozen system software components to be thawed in a defined order, which can decrease perceived resume time from an thesis unsw, end-user perspective and can enable optimizations for parallel processing. Thus, embodiments of the a current technology disclosure capture details as to the order that system software components are to thesis be awakened in. Further, a snapshot can be taken during regulation operations (power-down processes may, but need not occur) so that when a computing device is later resumed, this order can be followed. This provides for a maximum amount of parallel operations to minimize wake-up time. In one embodiment, “born ready” snapshots can be created at in essay quotes, a factory (or thereafter) for unsw a specific device configuration. Born ready snapshots may be manually, semi-manually, or automatically created to ensure they are highly optimized in various contemplated embodiments. In the foregoing specification, specific embodiments have been described. However, one of can you learn from essay, ordinary skill in the art appreciates that various modifications and changes can be made without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the claims below. Accordingly, the unsw specification and figures are to be regarded in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense, and all such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of cause essay warning, present teachings. The benefits, advantages, solutions to problems, and thesis unsw any element(s) that may cause any benefit, advantage, or solution to occur or become more pronounced are not to be construed as a critical, required, or essential features or elements of any or all the in essay quotes claims. Thesis? The invention is defined solely by the appended claims including any amendments made during the pendency of this application and all equivalents of those claims as issued.

Moreover in this document, relational terms such as first and in essay quotes second, top and bottom, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. The terms “comprises,” “comprising,” “has”, “having,” “includes”, “including,” “contains”, “containing” or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises, has, includes, contains a list of elements does not include only unsw, those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. An element proceeded by “comprises . . . In Essay Quotes? a”, “has . . Thesis Unsw? . a”, “includes . . What Can You From A Research Essay? . a”, “contains . . . a” does not, without more constraints, preclude the existence of additional identical elements in the process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises, has, includes, contains the element. Thesis? The terms “a” and “an” are defined as one or more unless explicitly stated otherwise herein. The terms “substantially”, “essentially”, “approximately”, “about” or any other version thereof, are defined as being close to as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art, and in article, one non-limiting embodiment the term is thesis unsw, defined to be within 10%, in essay contest navy, another embodiment within 5%, in thesis unsw, another embodiment within 1% and in another embodiment within 0.5%. The term “coupled” as used herein is defined as connected, although not necessarily directly and not necessarily mechanically. A Current Article Technology? A device or structure that is “configured” in a certain way is thesis unsw, configured in at about computer, least that way, but may also be configured in thesis, ways that are not listed. It will be appreciated that some embodiments may be comprised of one or more generic or specialized processors (or “processing devices”) such as microprocessors, digital signal processors, customized processors and field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and unique stored program instructions (including both software and firmware) that control the one or more processors to implement, in conjunction with certain non-processor circuits, some, most, or all of the functions of the can you learn from writing essay method and/or apparatus described herein. Alternatively, some or all functions could be implemented by a state machine that has no stored program instructions, or in one or more application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), in unsw, which each function or some combinations of certain of the late functions are implemented as custom logic. Of course, a combination of the two approaches could be used. Moreover, an embodiment can be implemented as a computer-readable storage medium having computer readable code stored thereon for programming a computer (e.g., comprising a processor) to perform a method as described and claimed herein.

Examples of thesis, such computer-readable storage mediums include, but are not limited to, a hard disk, a CD-ROM, an optical storage device, a magnetic storage device, a ROM (Read Only Memory), a PROM (Programmable Read Only Memory), an EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory), an EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) and a Flash memory. Thesis? Further, it is expected that one of ordinary skill, notwithstanding possibly significant effort and thesis unsw many design choices motivated by, for example, available time, current technology, and economic considerations, when guided by the concepts and late principles disclosed herein will be readily capable of generating such software instructions and programs and ICs with minimal experimentation. The Abstract of the Disclosure is provided to allow the reader to quickly ascertain the nature of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims. In addition, in the foregoing Detailed Description, it can be seen that various features are grouped together in various embodiments for thesis unsw the purpose of streamlining the disclosure.

This method of disclosure is in essay quotes, not to be interpreted as reflecting an intention that the thesis claimed embodiments require more features than are expressly recited in each claim. Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive subject matter lies in less than all features of a single disclosed embodiment. Thus the language following claims are hereby incorporated into the Detailed Description, with each claim standing on its own as a separately claimed subject matter.

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The McCain Doctrines - John McCain - Iraq - Profile. Whatever their disagreements on policy, United States senators, even in today’s hyperpolitical climate, are reluctant to impugn one another’s motives or integrity. That’s doubly true among those who experienced combat in the Vietnam War, a group that now includes four sitting senators — the thesis unsw, Republicans John McCain and what can you essay, Chuck Hagel and the Democrats John Kerry and thesis unsw, Jim Webb — as well as former colleagues like Bob Kerrey, Max Cleland and Chuck Robb. These men share an obvious bond, and over the years they have more readily crossed partisan lines than other senators, constituting, in some ways, a party unto themselves. To outsiders, they give the impression of having seen things in their youth that confer a different kind of perspective on mere politics; they seem to know that there are worse things in life than losing an election and having to go home. In contrast to the insecurities of the many boomer politicians who avoided service in a current computer technology Vietnam or marched against unsw it, the thesis language papers, Senate’s former soldiers exude a confidence that goes beyond military matters. The war in Iraq has tested some of these friendships, however.

Last year, after House Democrats voted to thesis, set a timetable for withdrawal from Iraq, McCain and Webb — both of whom were featured heroes in a classic book on the era, Robert Timberg’s “Nightingale’s Song” — became embroiled in thesis language papers an unusually public disagreement. Thesis? After McCain pointedly said the enemy in Iraq was celebrating along with Democrats, Webb accused him of unfairly questioning other people’s patriotism. When Webb and Hagel (a close personal friend of McCain’s) proposed a bill to late essay writing, give troops leaving Iraq and Afghanistan more time at home before redeploying, McCain, whose 19-year-old son has served with the Marines in Iraq, forcefully opposed them, saying the troops were needed in the theater. More recently, McCain has found himself on the opposite thesis unsw side of Webb and Hagel again, this time over their “G.I. bill” that would offer education money to every returning veteran. In Essay Quotes? McCain and others want a more limited bill that would encourage rank-and-file soldiers to re-enlist rather than return to civilian life. In these skirmishes, McCain is the outlier. Thesis? Among his fellow combat veterans in the Senate, past and present, he is the only one who has continued to what learn from writing, champion the war in Iraq; by contrast, Kerry, Webb and Hagel have emerged in the years since the invasion as unsparing critics of American involvement there. (In a new book, Hagel, who voiced deep concerns about Iraq even as he voted for the war resolution in thesis 2002, predicts that the war will turn out to and effect global warning, be “the most dangerous and costly foreign-policy debacle in our nation’s history.”) This divide among old allies may be the inevitable result of a protracted war that has cleaved plenty of American households and friendships. But it may also be that the thesis unsw, war is revealing underlying fractures among the Senate’s Vietnam coalition. There is a feeling among some of McCain’s fellow veterans that his break with them on Iraq can be traced, at least partly, to his markedly different experience in Vietnam. McCain’s comrades in the Senate will not talk about this publicly.

They are wary of seeming to denigrate McCain’s service, marked by national navy, his legendary endurance in a Hanoi prison camp, when in fact they remain, to this day, in awe of it. And yet in private discussions with friends and colleagues, some of them have pointed out that McCain, who was shot down and captured in 1967, spent the worst and thesis unsw, most costly years of the war sealed away, both from the rice paddies of Indochina and contest navy, from the outside world. During those years, McCain did not share the disillusioning and morally jarring experiences of soldiers like Kerry, Webb and unsw, Hagel, who found themselves unable to recognize their enemy in the confusion of the jungle; he never underwent the contest navy, conversion that caused Kerry, for one, to thesis, toss away some of his war decorations during a protest at the Capitol. Whatever anger McCain felt remained focused on his captors, not on his own superiors back in late essay Washington. Not all of thesis unsw McCain’s fellow veterans subscribe to national essay navy, the theory that the singularity of his war experience has anything to thesis unsw, do with his intransigence on night writing, Iraq. Thesis Unsw? (Bob Kerrey, for in essay quotes one, told me that while he was aware of this argument, he has never believed it.) But some suspect that whatever lesson McCain took away from his time in Vietnam, it was not the one that stayed with his colleagues who were “in country” during those years — that some wars simply can’t be won on the battlefield, no matter how long you fight them, no matter how many soldiers you send there to die. “McCain is my friend and brother, and I love him dearly,” Max Cleland, Georgia’s former Democratic senator, told me when we talked last month. “But I think you learn something fighting on the ground, like me and John Kerry and unsw, Chuck Hagel did in Vietnam. This objective of writing ‘hearts and unsw, minds’? Well, hello! You didn’t know which heart and mind was going to blow you up!

“I have seen this movie before, and language papers, I know how it ends,” says Cleland, who lost three of his limbs to an errant grenade during the battle of Khe Sanh. “With thousands dead and tens of thousands more injured, and years later you ask yourself what you were doing there. To the extent my friend John McCain signs on to this, he is unsw, endangering America’s long-term interests, and probably his own election in the fall.” If it is and effect warning, true that McCain’s Vietnam experience left him with a different attitude about foreign wars from the one held by those who were on the ground, then it certainly wasn’t apparent earlier in his political career. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, after he arrived in the Senate, McCain was, in fact, an unsw outspoken opponent of American intervention in faraway lands — at in essay quotes, least in cases where the country wasn’t willing to unsw, lose thousands of lives to achieve its aims. Learn? But during the unsw, post-cold-war 1990s, as America’s foreign-policy establishment struggled to define the nation’s obligations to the rest of the world, McCain went through his own kind of inner journey, seeking some balance between the national essay contest navy, legacy of Vietnam and thesis unsw, the pull of new crises around the globe — crises born of savagery and rife with human consequence. That journey led him inexorably toward Iraq, where McCain’s resolve hardened to essay navy, the point that now, as he prepares to run the climactic campaign of his life, he finds himself carrying the weight of another war, one that has divided the country and devastated his party.

One way or the other, Iraq will determine this last phase of McCain’s political life, as surely as the war in thesis unsw Vietnam defined its beginning. WHEN CAPTAIN McCAIN returned home from Hanoi in 1973, a grateful Navy gave him and his fellow P.O.W.’s their choice of late essay assignments. McCain rather audaciously chose one normally reserved for higher-ranking officers: study at the prestigious National War College. The war in Vietnam collapsed during the five-plus years of thesis unsw his imprisonment, and McCain needed to late night essay, understand what happened. He absorbed the writings of military historians, most notably Bernard Fall, a veteran of the French resistance who was a sharp critic of the American military in Vietnam. Thesis Unsw? Fall, who lived (and died) among American troops in Vietnam, didn’t quibble with America’s strategic decision to intervene in the country, but he did lambaste its tactics: hunting down guerrillas in search-and-destroy patrols, trying to cause and effect essay global warning, draw the Vietcong into traditional military battles. Fall believed the Americans did not learn from the thesis unsw, failure in Indochina of the contest navy, French, who insisted on fighting a jungle insurgency as if it were the Second World War. In his book, Chuck Hagel writes of listening to declassified tapes from the mid-1960s in thesis unsw which Lyndon Johnson admitted to advisers that Vietnam probably couldn’t be won but rued that withdrawal would make him the first American president to national navy, lose a war. “I wish someone had told me when I was sitting on thesis unsw, a burning tank in a Vietnamese rice paddy that I was fighting for a lost cause just to save a president’s legacy,” Hagel observes acidly. Although McCain was held and tortured for night essay the same cause, he never saw the situation the way Hagel did.

In his view, the American effort began to turn around with the thesis, promotion in 1968 of Gen. Creighton Abrams, who adopted the tactics favored by late night, counterinsurgency experts like Fall. Unsw? Abrams pulled back the search-and-destroy teams and instead focused on news about computer technology, winning the “hearts and minds” of South Vietnamese villagers. His goal was to encourage the South Vietnamese military to take over their own defense — the process that came to be known as “Vietnamization.” McCain maintains that Abrams’s strategy was working, but it was undercut by the fact that, by that point, the American public had already rendered its verdict, and the drawdown of troops continued until the war’s chaotic end. The lesson McCain and other conservatives took away from this version of thesis history is that America was driven from Vietnam principally because the voters, discouraged by dire reports from a skeptical media, lost their will. McCain has said in the past that he felt the language papers, war could have been won had the right strategy been followed sooner. When I met with McCain last month for a far-ranging conversation about Vietnam and Iraq, I asked him whether he still felt this was the case. “These are all hypotheticals,” he replied. “But I think that if we had employed the strategy that Creighton Abrams put into effect when he relieved General Westmoreland” — that is, if the thesis, Abrams strategy had been used years earlier — “then at least the casualties would have been dramatically different.” As a new congressman in 1983, among the and effect, first of thesis unsw his generation of vets to serve in Washington, McCain brought with him an attitude toward American intervention similar to what can you learn writing, what would later come to be known as the Powell Doctrine, for its author, Colin Powell: simply put, if you were going to thesis unsw, use the American military to a current news about computer, end a dispute or displace a foreign government, then you had to have the American public firmly on your side and you had to be prepared to use overwhelming force to achieve your aims. Late that year, when his party’s popular president, Ronald Reagan, proposed to extend the deployment of the Marines in Beirut, McCain was one of just 27 Republican representatives to object.

The soldiers didn’t have a clear mission, McCain said, nor enough numbers to affect the outcome of the conflict. Unsw? (Ultimately, 241 American servicemen died when a suicide bomber struck the Marine compound there, and American forces were withdrawn.) McCain strongly supported other operations, like the American-led invasion of tiny Grenada in 1983, as well as the first gulf war in 1991. But his first term in night the Senate, which began in 1987, was marked mostly by thesis, extreme caution when it came to inserting American troops into late night essay, foreign wars. As a newly arrived senator serving on the Armed Services Committee, McCain opposed Reagan’s plan to fly the American flag on Kuwaiti oil tankers that were coming under fire from Iranian forces in the Persian Gulf. In August 1992, when the Bush administration and its allies were trying to get humanitarian aid to Bosnians caught in thesis a multiethnic civil war, McCain broke with the majority of Republicans and voted against a resolution that authorized “demonstrations of force” in the region; he called it recklessly provocative. After the ambush in Somalia that claimed the lives of 18 American soldiers in October 1993, a frustrated McCain introduced a resolution to bring the national, troops home immediately. Thesis? Bob Dole, a staunch internationalist and then the Republican minority leader, persuaded other senators to defeat it. McCAIN’S CRITICS HAVE pointed to this early part of his political career to make the case that he later underwent a radical change in his philosophy, veering from language a cautious approach to military force to a more hawkish, even bellicose mentality. His own aides, meanwhile, contend that McCain’s philosophy has been entirely constant; they say his opposition to limited and ill-defined operations like Somalia and Bosnia wasn’t at all inconsistent with his willingness, later, to thesis, use overwhelming force against a tyrant like Saddam Hussein. The problem with these narratives is cause essay global warning, that neither reflects the context of the thesis unsw, time.

As two former national security officials in the Clinton administration, Derek Chollet and news article technology, James Goldgeier, explain compellingly in “America Between the Wars,” a book to be published next month, the period between the cold war and the war on terror — the unsw, 90s, roughly speaking — was a decade when foreign-policy thinkers across the ideological spectrum were groping about in darkness, trying to feel out the limits of American power and to balance the twin risks of action and inaction. During that time, the United States bounced from one unforeseen crisis to another, undertaking a military intervention every 18 months, on thesis papers, average — a staggering pace compared with that of the years that came before. Unsw? Old ideological alliances in news about technology Washington were shattered and reformed, as pacifists lined up with conservative isolationists to battle liberal hawks and neoconservatives. Unsw? New terms — “failed state,” “humanitarian intervention,” “ethnic cleansing” — entered the American lexicon. It’s fair to say, then, that McCain did evolve in his views on when and how to use American force over the course of the decade, but it’s misleading to separate his evolution from the larger transformation that was happening all around him. During the and effect, cold war, the unsw, guiding framework for military intervention was built around a pretty straightforward set of questions: were American forces needed to stop the expansion of Soviet ideology or territory, and if so, were the cause and effect global, potential casualties worth the risk? When the Berlin Wall came down in 1989, however, that framework disappeared almost overnight. Ecstatic policy makers slashed the size of the military and hoped for a “peace dividend.” In a famous article in 1989, Francis Fukuyama posited that we were witnessing “the end of history”; from that time forward, the theory went, mankind would drift inexorably away from totalitarianism toward individual freedom and thesis unsw, democracy. Fukuyama didn’t actually advocate that the thesis, United States retreat from its assertive global role, but that’s what many in Washington — and especially conservatives — chose to thesis, hear. The long war was over, and America could now focus on defending its own borders, using technologies like missile defense, rather than sending its soldiers abroad to “police the world.”

McCain explicitly rejected this idea, and yet he wasn’t eager to commit American troops to humanitarian missions that could easily turn into military nightmares like Somalia. For him, as for others, the defining dilemma of can you from essay this new terrain was Bosnia. In July 1995, after years of debate in Washington about how to stop Serbian forces from wiping out the Bosnian Muslims, the Serbs overran the town of Srebrenica and, while Dutch peacekeepers stood by, mowed down thousands of Muslim boys and men. Coming not long after the mass killings in Rwanda, the slaughter in Srebrenica again brought the moral implications of inaction home to American politicians — especially those who, like McCain, previously opposed armed intervention. NATO responded with a series of airstrikes against Bosnian Serbs, which ultimately pushed the Serbian president, Slobodan Milosevic, to thesis, negotiate a settlement to the war. Clinton then urged Congress to approve the deployment of in essay quotes 20,000 American troops to help enforce the agreement. At the thesis unsw, time, McCain was supporting the cause global warning, presidential campaign of his friend Phil Gramm, who was running against thesis Dole in the Republican primaries. Gramm opposed the intervention, and he pleaded with McCain to stand by contest navy, him; instead, this time, McCain decided to partner with Dole to ensure passage of the thesis, supporting resolution, stifling significant Republican opposition. It was a turning point, both for McCain and American consensus as a whole. Writing? “The Bosnian intervention was life-changing for a lot of people,” Bob Kerrey told me. “It caused even some liberals to thesis unsw, go from opposing intervention to supporting it.” Throughout the late ’90s, McCain criticized what he called Clinton’s “feckless photo-op foreign policy,” but he also emerged as an important bulwark for essay navy the administration against Republicans who reflexively opposed Clinton’s every move as commander in thesis unsw chief. McCain strongly supported airstrikes against in essay quotes Sudan and Afghanistan, in retaliation for terrorist attacks on two American Embassies, and against Iraq, where Saddam Hussein was obstructing weapons inspectors.

In 1999, McCain took the lead in unsw supporting the what can you learn essay, bombing of unsw Serbia to prevent another genocide in Kosovo. His tone had changed considerably since the days before Srebrenica. “Our interests and values converge clearly here,” McCain said in a speech from the Senate floor. “It seems clear to in essay quotes, me that Milosevic knows no limits to his inhumanity and thesis, will keep slaughtering until even the most determined opponent of American involvement in this conflict is convinced to drop that opposition.” By the time McCain ran for president in 2000, he was the one arguing in debates for cause and effect a more robust military presence in humanitarian crises, while George W. Bush forswore “nation building” and vowed a more “humble” foreign policy. During that campaign, McCain introduced the thesis unsw, closest thing he had found to a doctrine for foreign intervention: the “rogue-state rollback,” under which he proposed arming and training internal forces that might ultimately overthrow menacing regimes in national essay countries like Iraq, Iran and North Korea. McCain’s more ambitious view of American power made him a natural ally of neoconservative thinkers like William Kristol, the editor of the fledgling Weekly Standard (now a New York Times columnist), and Robert Kagan of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Empowered during the unsw, Reagan era, the neocons were largely shoved aside during the ’90s by the more isolationist, anti-Clinton voices who dominated Republican politics. By the time McCain expanded his circle of thesis language papers influence to include Kristol and other neocons in the late ’90s, they had rallied around a single unifying cause: the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. In 1998, McCain was one of the sponsors of the Iraq Liberation Act, signed into law by Bill Clinton, which officially changed American policy from containing Hussein to deposing him, and he became a leading figure in the Committee for thesis the Liberation of Iraq, a lobbying group founded by Randy Scheunemann, who is now his chief foreign policy adviser. Cause And Effect Essay Global Warning? McCain met with Ahmad Chalabi, the smooth Iraqi dissident who was a favorite of the neocons, and supported him publicly. After the terrorist attacks of 2001 and the sudden elevation of Al Qaeda as a defining national security threat, McCain never had any doubt that Iraq, with its supposed capability to unleash or share weapons of mass destruction, posed an existential threat to the United States. Thesis? Reading his statements from the time, there is no indication that he ever judged the invasion of Iraq by the standard he had used earlier in his career — whether it had the papers, potential to become another Vietnam.

Instead, as American troops swarmed Baghdad, McCain repeatedly compared Hussein to Adolf Hitler and predicted that the occupation of Iraq would be remembered in much the same way that history celebrated the liberation and rebuilding of thesis Europe and language papers, Japan. I ARRANGED TO TALK with McCain during the last week of April, before a fund-raising event at the Grand Hyatt hotel in thesis unsw Tampa. When he strode, an language hour late, into the conference room his campaign had reserved, his gait was rushed and purposeful and unsw, his manner decidedly businesslike. Late Night Essay Writing? Having survived the sadism of the Vietcong and, more recently, skin cancer, McCain these days shows the wear of thesis his 71 years. His face is more topographically interesting than it was when he first ran for president eight years ago, the skin folding into late writing, small craters and valleys as it runs into his neckline. His eyes look warier and less mischievous than they did back then. You can imagine, looking at him, how McCain spent much of these last few years: beseeching and indulging Republican power brokers, many of whom he does not like, all the unsw, while tolerating their lectures, bridling his infamous temper, keeping the irritation pent up. Perhaps repression exacts its cost. McCain (lower right) with his squadron in 1965. Library of Congress.

Sitting down at the end of a long granite table, he greeted me warmly, and then, before I could ask a question or even introduce the warning, subject at hand, he dove headlong into a five-minute soliloquy. He told me that he had just driven in thesis from the airport on what can you learn from, Eisenhower Boulevard, and that Eisenhower was a man he very much admired, because Eisenhower understood the thesis, costs of war and strove to keep America out of it. He then made reference to a “rather hysterical” column by Fareed Zakaria in that morning’s Washington Post about McCain’s views on foreign policy. His voice was tight and measured. “I’ve seen other stories and I’ve seen comments about what can you learn from writing essay my national-security speech,” McCain said, referring to an address he gave in Los Angeles a few weeks earlier. Thesis Unsw? “The story line is as follows: ‘McCain’s not the essay contest, same McCain. He’s changed, and now he’s become a hawk, and he is dramatically different from thesis what he was.’ ” He recited this narrative as if repeating the thesis, nonsensical words of dullards. “And anybody is free to write whatever they want and thesis, form whatever opinions they want to form. But facts are facts.

And the fact is and effect warning, that I know war, and I know the thesis, tragedy of war. Late Writing? And no one hates war more than veterans.” From here, McCain went on to list for me some of the unsw, military actions he supported (Grenada, Panama) and some that he opposed (Beirut, Somalia). He had always followed the same set of in essay quotes values, he said, grounded in the premise that all people, not just Americans, were created equal and had inalienable rights. And when America could intervene militarily to further those values around the world without needless sacrifice in lives and money, he was all for it, and where we couldn’t, he was not, and there was nothing extreme about that. “As far as people who advise me,” McCain went on, though I still hadn’t asked a question, “probably one of my most trusted advisers for the last 30 years is Henry Kissinger, not known as a hawk or a neocon .” McCain infused the word with sarcasm. “I also remember the thesis unsw, days when Ronald Reagan was portrayed as a hawk and cause and effect global, a neocon. Thesis? I remember the near hysteria in response to national essay contest, his ‘tear down this wall.’ I remember the ‘Oh, you can’t do that, when you call the Soviets an evil empire.’ I remember all those things. Same people who are now saying — ” He stopped himself midsentence, then began again. “I’m always open to new ideas and new thoughts, but my principles were grounded many years ago in places like the National War College and unsw, other places where I have learned and national essay navy, studied and talked to people I admire and respect. “So,” McCain said finally, “with that preface, I’d be glad to answer any questions you might have, and again, it’s always good to be with you.” It’s rare to see a presidential candidate vent in quite this way, but clearly some of the criticism over unsw his policies on Iraq and foreign policy in general — mild criticism, to this point — had wounded McCain.

When he looks in late night writing the mirror, he does not see a reckless or belligerent leader, and thesis unsw, yet that was the man his detractors claimed to see. In Essay Quotes? A few weeks earlier, the liberal radio host Ed Schultz made headlines by thesis unsw, calling McCain a “warmonger” and then happily repeating the charge on CNN. As McCain and I talked, the contest navy, Democratic National Committee had begun broadcasting an ad that repeatedly showed him saying at a New Hampshire campaign event that he would be fine with keeping American troops in Iraq for 100 years. The quote had been ripped out of context — he went on thesis unsw, to say that such a troop presence would be possible only a current news about, without casualties, in the same way that American soldiers had remained quietly for decades in South Korea and Europe — but it had already become a staple of unsw Democratic attacks, and learn writing, McCain could expect to see it about half a million more times before November. McCain’s major Los Angeles address seemed to have been written in part to thesis unsw, reverse this perception. The speech began with McCain’s hatred of war, then moved on to stress his commitment to multilateralism and to national essay contest navy, ending global warming. McCain called, again, for a “League of Democracies” to thesis, foster cooperation among free nations. Only in news about technology the final minutes did he get around to even mentioning Iraq.

Clearly, the campaign was starting to worry about McCain being Reaganized in this way — that is, of having the fall campaign become a referendum on whether he was stable and rational enough to thesis, be trusted with the nation’s nuclear codes. McCain described himself, in that speech and in his preamble to our interview, as a “realistic idealist” — a phrase meant to bridge a divide inside his party. While there haven’t really been neat camps into which you can divide Republicans in the post-cold-war era, some rough labels did emerge throughout the in essay quotes, ’90s. On one extreme were the isolationists, led most noisily by thesis unsw, Pat Buchanan, who essentially believed that the end of the cold war should also have meant the end of America’s military involvement in distant lands. In the middle were the group known as realists, who were willing to late night writing, use force, but only where the country’s vital strategic interests were at stake and where an international consensus could be forged. The realists identified with leaders like Kissinger and James Baker, the former secretary of state, who famously declared of Bosnia, “We do not have a dog in that fight.” And then, on the other end of the spectrum, you had the idealists, including most of those known as neocons. The idealists believed that American force could and should be used to promote American values abroad, whether or not the thesis unsw, countries involved posed an immediate danger to national security and whether or not the rest of the world agreed. McCain has never been confused for an isolationist, but neither can he be confined to either of the other factions. One reason is temperamental; McCain just doesn’t like labels, and he isn’t very good at sticking to orthodoxies — a personality quirk he has tried hard to control during the campaign. “He’s not a guy who drinks Kool-Aid easily,” says Gary Hart, the thesis language, former Democratic senator who was once close enough to McCain to have been a groomsman in his wedding. “He’s suspicious of any group who sees the thesis, world that simply.” Lorne Craner, a foreign-policy thinker who worked for McCain in thesis papers the House and Senate in the 1980s, told me that McCain had a standing rule in his office then. All meetings were to be limited to thesis unsw, half an a current news technology hour, unless they were with either of two advisers: Jeane Kirkpatrick, the Reaganite idealist, or Brent Scowcroft, the former general who was a leader in the realist wing.

McCain loved to hear from both of them at length. It’s clear, though, that on the continuum that separates realists from idealists, McCain sits much closer to the idealist perspective. McCain has long been chairman of the International Republican Institute, run by Craner, which exists to promote democratic reforms in closed societies. He makes a point of meeting with dissidents when he visits countries like Georgia and Uzbekistan and has championed the cause of Aung San Suu Kyi, the imprisoned leader of the Burmese resistance. Most important, as he made clear in thesis unsw his preamble to our interview, McCain considers national values, and not strategic interests, to be the guiding force in foreign policy. America exists, in McCain’s view, not simply to safeguard the prosperity and safety of those who live in national navy it but also to spread democratic values and human rights to other parts of the planet. McCain argues that his brand of idealism is actually more pragmatic in a post-9/11 world than the hard realism of the cold war. He rejects as outdated, for instance, a basic proposition of cold-war realists like Kissinger and Baker: that stability is always found in the relationship between states. Realists have long presumed that the country’s security is thesis unsw, defined by the stability of its alliances with the governments of other countries, even if those governments are odious; by this thinking, your interests can sometimes be served by befriending leaders who share none of your democratic values.

McCain, by contrast, maintains that in a world where oppressive governments can produce fertile ground for rogue groups like Al Qaeda to navy, recruit and prosper, forging bonds with tyrannical regimes is often more likely to harm American interests than to help them. As we spoke in Tampa, I asked McCain if it was true, as his friend Joe Lieberman and others suggested to unsw, me, that he had been brought to a more idealist way of thinking partly by the genocides in Rwanda and Srebrenica. “I think so, I think so,” he said, nodding. “And Darfur today. I feel strongly about Darfur, and yet, and this is national essay contest, where the realist side comes in, how do we effectively stop the genocide in Darfur?” He seemed to be genuinely wrestling with the question. “You know the complications with a place that’s bigger, I guess, than the thesis, size of Texas, and it’s hard to a current news article about computer technology, know who the Janjaweed is, who are the killers, who are the victims. It’s all jumbled up. Coming Home: The former P.O.W. arriving in Washington after five years in thesis unsw captivity, 1973, just after President Nixon negotiated the short-lived Paris Peace Accords. “So I’ve always tried to make a case for the realist side,” he continued. “And I think it was pretty clear that in Kosovo, we could probably benefit the situation fairly effectively and fairly quickly. And yet I look at Darfur, and in essay quotes, I still look at Rwanda, to unsw, some degree, and think, How could we have gone in and effect essay global there and stopped that slaughter?”

McCain is known for being a gut thinker, averse to overarching doctrines or theory. But as we talked, I tried to draw out of unsw him some template for what learn writing knowing when military intervention made sense — an answer, essentially, to the question that has plagued policy makers confronting international crises for the last 20 years. McCain has said that the invasion of Iraq was justified, even absent the weapons of mass destruction he believed were there, because of Hussein’s affront to basic human values. Why then, I asked McCain, shouldn’t we go into Zimbabwe, where, according to that morning’s paper, allies of the despotic president, Robert Mugabe, were rounding up his political opponents and preparing to subvert the results of the country’s recent national election? How about sending soldiers into Myanmar, formerly Burma, where Aung San Suu Kyi remained under house arrest by thesis unsw, a military junta? “I think in the case of Zimbabwe, it’s because of our history in Africa,” McCain said thoughtfully. “Not so much the United States but the late, Europeans, the colonialist history in Africa. The government of South Africa has obviously not been effective, to thesis, say the least, in trying to affect the situation in Zimbabwe, and one reason is that they don’t want to be tarred with the brush of modern colonialism.

So that’s a problem I think we will continue to have on the continent of what from writing Africa. If you send in Western military forces, then you risk the thesis unsw, backlash from the people, from the legacy that was left in Africa because of the era of colonialism.” The United States faced a similar obstacle in Myanmar, McCain went on, shaking his head sadly. “First of all, you’d have to gauge the opinion of the people over time, whether you’d be greeted as liberators or as occupiers,” McCain said. From A Research Essay? “I would be concerned about the thesis unsw, possibility that if it were mishandled, we might see an insurgent movement.” He talked a bit about Aung San Suu Kyi, whom he called “one of the great figures of the 20th century,” but then wondered aloud if the American public would support a military intervention. “It goes back to the Vietnam thing,” McCain told me. “I’m just not sure the American people would support a military engagement in Burma, no matter how justified the cause. And I can’t tell you exactly when it would be over. And I can’t tell you exactly what the reaction of the people there would be.” Most American politicians, of course, would immediately dismiss the idea of sending the military into essay contest, Zimbabwe or Myanmar as tangential to American interests and therefore impossible to justify. McCain didn’t make this argument.

He seemed to start from a default position that moral reasons alone could justify the use of American force, and from there he considered the reasons it might not be feasible to thesis, do so. In other words, to paraphrase Robert Kennedy, while most politicians looked at injustice in a foreign land and asked, “Why intervene?” McCain seemed to look at that same injustice and ask himself, “Why not?” “I think we’ve learned some lessons,” McCain told me. “One is that the American people have to be willing to support it. But two, we need to work more in an international way to try to in essay quotes, beneficially affect the situation. Thesis? And you have to convince America and the world that every single avenue has been exhausted before we go in in essay quotes militarily. And we better think not a day later or a week later, but a year and 5 years and 10 years later. Thesis? Because the attention span, unfortunately, of the cause and effect global, American people, although pretty remarkable in some ways, is not inexhaustible.” WHAT WAS STARTLING about this conversation was that, while McCain was talking about the thesis unsw, dangers of intervening in a Zimbabwe or a Burma, he might just as well have been talking about the invasion of in essay quotes Iraq.

Didn’t that country, too, have a colonial history that had been carelessly considered, to thesis, say the least? Didn’t the war’s proponents fail to plan more than a few weeks out or to ask the hard questions about how their soldiers might be greeted in the streets? “Yes, I agree with you,” McCain said, nodding again, when I put this question to him directly. “It was one of the penalties that we paid. But remember, the major reason to go into Iraq were the weapons of mass destruction. That was the conventional wisdom at the time, not only in essay quotes, held by the United States but certainly many other nations.” This was, of thesis course, an arguable point, and article about computer technology, that argument, with the thesis, benefit of hindsight, will probably continue to rage in Washington and in political-science departments around the country for about technology decades.

But the invasion of Iraq is now five years past, and thesis, the question at the heart of the 2008 campaign — or one of them, anyway — is bound to revolve around a more current dilemma. Why, given all the lessons of military intervention that McCain himself had just laid out, does he think it still makes sense to stay? Having bemoaned the impact of Vietnam on the nation, why is article about technology, McCain — alone among the veterans of that war in the Senate — determined to settle in for another long and costly counterinsurgency? The parallels between Vietnam and Iraq can be too readily overstated. The very nature of the wars is markedly different, for better or worse; Vietnam was a Communist uprising against an autocratic government, while Iraq represents a multiparty, ethnic conflict more similar to that of the unsw, Balkans.

The casualties, to in essay quotes, this point, aren’t nearly analogous, either. The United States lost some 58,000 soldiers in Vietnam, compared with a death toll, after five years in Iraq, of about 4,000. Still, in this current conflict there are echoes of Vietnam that have grown too loud to easily ignore. Both conflicts were entered into under pretenses that were later widely discredited. Reports from the front in Iraq depict American soldiers who find it difficult to discern friends from enemies as they try to navigate an unfamiliar culture, language and unsw, landscape. Cause Warning? American leaders are talking yet again about transferring responsibility for the war to local forces and the police, but Iraqization doesn’t seem to thesis, be faring a whole lot better than Vietnamization did; last month, some 1,000 Iraqi troops deserted during a crucial battle in Basra. Veterans return from their tours with missing limbs and deep psychological trauma.

Pro-war officials frame the conflict as a central front in a longer struggle against cause and effect an evil ideology, and they warn ominously of the proliferation of terrorist cells that will ensue if the insurgents aren’t defeated in Iraq, just as the architects of Vietnam once promised a lethal fall of dominoes throughout Southeast Asia. Safer Baghdad#148;: McCain with Gen. David Petraeus and armed escorts during a visit to a Baghdad marketplace, April 2007. Sgt. Thesis Unsw? Matthew Roe / Reuters. Like the war planners themselves, McCain made some assumptions before the invasion that turned out to be seriously flawed. He spoke in language favor of the thesis unsw, de-Baathification of the Iraqi government and military, a decision now widely considered to thesis papers, have been a disaster, and he predicted that American soldiers would be hailed as conquering heroes in thesis unsw Baghdad.

But to his credit, he was also the first of the Iraq hawks to sound the learn writing, alarm on the flailing occupation, singling out thesis unsw, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld for stinging criticism. After visiting Baghdad and Basra in the summer of 2003, McCain labeled Rumsfeld’s military strategy a failure and began a long and news article, lonely crusade for an influx of new troops to secure the capital and outlying areas — the tactic that came to thesis unsw, be known as “the surge” when the president finally changed course three and a half years later and ordered another 20,000 troops into the theater. The surge is late writing, unpopular with a lot of unsw military leaders, mainly because of what they call “strategic stretch” — the resulting shortage of troops available to fight unforeseen conflicts in other parts of the globe. (There are now about 160,000 American troops tied down in Iraq, and those troops are already facing both extended tours and shorter intervals in between redeployments.) Some of the Pentagon’s top commanders — most recently Richard Cody, the vice chief of staff of the in essay quotes, Army, who testified before Congress last month — have voiced concern about the military’s overall readiness at thesis unsw, a time when the troop level in Afghanistan may soon reach 40,000 and when leading politicians, McCain prominently among them, have vowed to use military action if necessary to a current, stop Iran from thesis obtaining nuclear weaponry. McCain maintains that the military can increase its ranks by offering cash and other incentives to thesis, recruits, but it has already significantly lowered its recruiting standards and may not be able to stoop much lower. As Gen. James Jones, the former NATO commander and a close friend of thesis unsw McCain’s, told me, “You can buy the numbers of troops, but you may not be able to buy the what, quality you need.” Even so, McCain insists that the surge and the Pentagon’s new counterinsurgency strategy, which centers on a “hearts and thesis unsw, minds” approach, can ultimately drive out insurgents and reduce American casualties in Iraq to virtually nothing. Computer? “Is it long and hard and tough?

Yes,” McCain told me. “Has Al Qaeda been beaten? No, but they certainly have been diminished.” (To the thesis unsw, dismay of many of his critics, McCain often uses “Al Qaeda” as a shorthand for in essay quotes the Iraqi insurgent group that calls itself Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia.) “And it’s obviously not just Al Qaeda,” he went on. “It’s Shiite militias. It’s former Baathists who are still unhappy. It’s corruption within the police that we have to worry about. “All I can say is, the surge is succeeding,” he said. “If someone wants to disagree with that, they’re free to, but I have statistics — whether they be instances of violence, whether it be U.S. casualties, whatever it may be — that prove that this new tactic is succeeding. So I’m willing to stick with it.”

A LOT OF McCAIN’S fellow veterans in Washington seem confounded by what they see as his obvious failure to thesis, absorb the lessons of Vietnam. Jack Murtha, the Pennsylvania congressman and decorated Vietnam vet who became an late writing early and outspoken critic of the war, told me that watching Iraq unfold convinced him, for the first time, that American troops could never have prevailed in Vietnam, no matter how long they stayed. Thesis? “These kinds of wars cannot be won militarily,” he said flatly. In Essay Quotes? Another Democratic congressman with a Purple Heart, Mike Thompson of California, told me that promises of thesis unsw victory in Iraq sounded painfully familiar. “When I was in Vietnam, the members of Congress knew that we weren’t going to be there forever, that we would have to redeploy, and in the time between when they knew that and when we redeployed, a lot of boys were injured and killed,” Thompson said. “I think Senator McCain has been an outstanding public servant, but I think he’s wrong on this.” In McCain’s mind, however, there is a different kind of symmetry linking Vietnam and Iraq. Talking to thesis language, him about thesis unsw it, you come to writing, understand that he has, indeed, applied lessons from the first war to the second — but they are the lessons that he learned not in combat or in the Hanoi Hilton but in the pages of the books he read at the National War College in unsw the 1970s. To McCain, the late night, first four years of the unsw, Iraq war, as prosecuted by in essay quotes, the Bush administration, seem strikingly similar to the years in Vietnam before Creighton Abrams arrived on the scene.

“It’s a little bit eerily reminiscent, in unsw that search-and-destroy is basically the same tactic that Rumsfeld, Casey, Sanchez, et al. National Navy? employed,” McCain told me, referring to George Casey and Ricardo Sanchez, the two previous generals to command coalition forces in Iraq. “Go out, kill bad people and then go back to base. That’s basically what search-and-destroy was. Thesis Unsw? We obviously failed to learn that lesson in history.” In McCain’s war, then, David Petraeus, the more innovative general who took over in 2007, is can you learn a research essay, now playing the part of Abrams, pursuing a winning strategy that needs only the patience of the American people and thesis, their government to ultimately succeed. “After nearly four years of a failed strategy, the difference in one year is dramatic,” McCain says. “If they make that same progress in the next year,” he predicts, “I think it’s going to be quite impactful on American public opinion, as well as, more importantly, events on the ground.” The lesson McCain drew from Vietnam all those years ago is that you cannot turn your back on a war when at essay contest, last you figure out thesis, how to win it, and he is determined not to let that happen again. In Essay Quotes? Far from having failed to internalize the legacy of Vietnam, as some of his friends in the Senate suspect, he is, if anything, entirely driven by it. “I don’t think you can isolate John’s views in Iraq from thesis his experience in Vietnam,” Gary Hart told me. In Essay Quotes? “Whether he is aware of it or not — and I want to tread carefully here, because I don’t like psychologizing people — I don’t think he can separate those things in his mind. In a way, John is refighting the Vietnam War.”

JOHN McCAIN HAS NEVER been very good at political artifice. Like every politician I’ve known, McCain will sometimes surrender to the cheap ploy or prevarication when the moment demands it, but it is often with a smirk or a wince, some hard-to-miss signal that he knows he’s up to no good. In the more serious instances when he knows he has put expedience over principle (his reversal on unsw, the Bush tax cuts just in a current article technology time for the campaign season may well turn out to thesis, be one of thesis them), he has an almost therapeutic need to acknowledge it later, as he did when he told South Carolinians, weeks after losing the brutal primary there in 2000, that he had been wrong to defend the unsw, Confederate flag just to win their votes. And so, whether you agree with him or not, there is a notable honesty to his position on the war in contest navy Iraq. Thesis Unsw? Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama have spent the from writing, primary season competing over who’s more eager to ship out of Iraq, but everyone associated with their campaigns knows that withdrawal will not happen quickly or without peril.

McCain’s pitch, on the other hand, is as straightforward as it is stripped of political charm. We made a mess in Iraq, he says, but it’s our mess now, and we have to stay on and fix it. Ultimately, McCain is unsw, relying on the same strategy to night essay writing, achieve success both in Iraq and in the November election. In each endeavor, McCain is staking everything on unsw, the notion that the article, public, having seen the success of a new military strategy, can be convinced that the war is, in fact, winnable and thesis unsw, worth the continued sacrifice. Absent that national retrenching, McCain admits that this war, like the one in Vietnam, is late night writing, probably doomed. Near the end of our conversation in Tampa, I asked him if he would be willing to change course on Iraq if the violence there started to rise again. “Oh, we’d have to,” he replied. “It’s not so much what McCain would do. American public opinion will not tolerate such a thing.” The problem is that there’s actually no evidence to suggest that a reduction in casualties in Iraq will translate into a greater public tolerance for a protracted engagement there. According to thesis, Gallup, Americans’ confidence that the surge is improving the late night, situation on the ground rose sharply between last summer and this spring; 40 percent of those polled in March said the surge is working, compared with 22 percent last July, while 38 percent said it was making no difference, down from 51 percent last year.

For McCain, that’s no small measure of vindication. And yet, during the same period, even as optimism about the thesis unsw, new strategy grew, the percentage of Americans who say they want a timetable for news technology gradual withdrawal — those, in unsw other words, who agreed primarily with the two Democratic candidates — remained almost exactly the in essay quotes, same, rising to 41 percent from 39 percent. (Another 18 percent have consistently said they want to get out right away.) Nor has the success of the thesis unsw, surge in reducing American casualties done a thing to convince the public that the invasion made sense in the first place. According to another Gallup poll released a few weeks ago, 63 percent of Americans now believe it was a mistake to go to war — an thesis language papers all-time high. It doesn’t help that McCain has never put his argument for staying into some larger context that might explain what he really means by unsw, “winning” the war in Iraq. In Essay Quotes? If you ask him to define victory, his answer is that Americans soldiers will have stopped dying, and that the Iraqi military and thesis, government will be functioning on their own. That would be a great day, no doubt, but surely the overarching purpose of learn writing a research a war can’t be to stop more soldiers from thesis unsw dying in it. National Navy? (On the one notable occasion when McCain tried to put a more hopeful spin on progress in Iraq, during a visit there last spring, the result was an unqualified public-relations debacle: strolling through an outdoor market in Baghdad market wearing a flak jacket and surrounded by thesis, what seemed liked a regiment of U.S. soldiers, McCain declared that life for Iraqis was at what a research essay, last returning to normal. The next day, by some accounts, 21 Shiite workers at the market were abducted and unsw, killed.) McCain’s main reason for continuing on in Iraq seems to be that we’re already there and must not accept defeat, and that’s an argument that probably feels all too familiar to language papers, many Americans who lived through a decade of aimless war in Vietnam, to no discernible end. Undaunted, McCain soldiers on toward November and what could be his final campaign.

When he ran in 2000, his philosophy of national greatness — the importance, as he always puts it, of “serving a cause greater than one’s self” — found its expression in ideas like national service and thesis unsw, campaign reform, proposals that independents and even many liberals could embrace. For a time then, McCain, adrift within his own party, was almost certainly the most popular politician in America. Contest Navy? This time, his theme of selflessness is bound up, irrevocably, with Bush’s unpopular war. Democrats, alarmed over their own disunity, can hardly wait to start pummeling McCain with Iraq. While I was working on this article, the Center for unsw American Progress, the left’s leading policy center in Washington, took the liberty of sending over a 10-page litany of McCain’s selected comments on Iraq since 2002, delineated by helpful subheadings like “The War Begins — Rosy Outlook” and “The Critical Time Is Always Right Around the Corner.”

McCain shrugs this off and insists that he will never waver from language his support of the war, no matter what the personal cost. “As I said a year ago,” he told me, “I would rather lose a campaign than a war.” If he doesn’t make the most persuasive argument of his life, he risks losing both. The actor has built a career, and a passionate fan base, playing supporting roles; now, at 60, she has become an unconventional star. How Sarte, cigarette smoke and questions of the self gave way to an obsession with apocalypse. What happens after a defendant is found not guilty by reason of unsw insanity? Often the answer is involuntary confinement in a state psychiatric hospital — with no end in navy sight.

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An Analysis of Chaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale Essay. Thesis. In what ways and to what extent is Chaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale appropriate to its teller, #8220;a verray parfit, gentil knycht?Sophie KingChaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale is a story in which the courtly ideals of the in essay quotes, chivalric knight are questioned. The narrator of the story, a knight himself, tells us about the noble Theseus and his rule over Athens. Theseus is appropriate to the description #8220;a verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; as much as the unsw, narrator himself but we come to question the perfection of both as the story progresses. Although based on classical Greek mythology Chaucer writes in medieval terms. Night Essay Writing. There is thesis, still great debate today about the values of the medieval knight that so often appears in Chaucer#8217;s work. Reading courtly poetry and stories of medieval romance might trick us into believing the nobility of knights but the reality would have been much less romantic in the cruel and turbulent times of the medieval world Chaucer writes about. The Knight#8217;s tale might be said to uphold the power of chivalry and express the nature of the news about computer technology, noble life, but as the story unwinds it becomes easier to see the limitations and realities of chivalric power and raises profound questions on courtly love. Winthrop Wetherbee suggests,The relationship of love and war is one sided: honouring his lady confirms the knight#8217;s courtesy but it is most of all an excuse for the self-centered enterprise of demonstrating prowess. In practise warfare remains the true test of chivalry and courtesy is largely the stuff of courtly poetryThus there is a clash of priorities and it appears impossible for the perfect knight to be loyal to his neighbour, to unsw, his lady, to God, to war and to everything else the code of chivalry entails. The nature of late night essay writing warfare in thesis itself is a crime against courtesy.

An example of in essay quotes this is within the fight between Arcite and Palamon in the forest. They courteously help each other to arm and then a fight to the death ensues. It raises the question whether it is even possible to be a perfect and noble knight when the two main aspects of the tale are love and war. Being a knight becomes a contradiction in itself. Although Chaucer uses #8220;a verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; in the general prologue to describe the narrator, it seems to refer directly and undoubtedly to the character of Theseus too. He is the embodiment of success in love and war, as told within the first section of the poem in his defeat of the Amazons and the wife he brings home.

Critics have said Theseus is the spokesman of thesis unsw mood and morals throughout the story. He is equal in nobility of character and depth of feeling. He embodies chivalric heroism in its highest form. Courtly grace and political responsibility combined with success in news article about technology warfare and unsw, love make him a character that the Knight aspires to be. He never doubts the values and decisions of Theseus making it easy as a reader to see the Duke as a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht. But we must of course always be cautious of the narrator. In Essay Quotes. Theseus is symbolic of the ideal knight which is exactly what the unsw, teller intended him to be when telling the story within the cause essay, Canterbury tales. I call him symbolic as we never really learn much of his personality. He does not display enough distinct characteristics for us to unsw, get a sense of who he really is. We only know of his courageousness and wisdom throughout.

It becomes clear when analysing Arcite and cause essay, Palamon that its is extremely difficult to distinguish between the two. Furthermore Emelye only speaks once within the tale and even this is in prayer. This suggests the meaning of the Knight#8217;s Tale is not displayed through characterization. Thesis. A. C. Spearing says it is, #8220;more like a perception of the nature of the human condition as a whole.#8221;Returning to Theseus, we witness his first example of gallantry behaviour. After winning at war he discovers the weeping widows and their husbands, #8220;dead bodyes vileynye#8221; since Creon refuses to allow proper burials.

Since vileynye is the opposite of gentilnesse Theseues#8217;s gentile qualities are emphasised when he vows to affront this offence against courtliness. He displays a sense of compassion as they appeal to his pitee;Som drope of pitee thurgh thy gentillesse,Upon us wrecched women lat thou falle. This is the essay, first of many examples of Theseus#8217;s chivalric behaviour but he is not the only knight in unsw the tale to display chivalric qualities. Can You Learn From Writing A Research. There are moments of noble behaviour between Arcite and Palamon, for example in thesis unsw the forest scene when both are seized by a current news article about, a violent jealousy and are on the point of fighting to thesis unsw, the death. Chivalry remains at navy, the forefront of their minds as they both gallantly and courteously help each other to thesis, arm before the battle ensues. It seems ironic and rather absurd to a modern audience that following this chivalric behaviour they switch so easily from article computer technology, brothers to thesis, warriors. The battle #8220;reduces them to wild beasts.#8221; When reading the following lines it is difficult to see the courteousness and a current news article computer, selflessness that a knight is unsw, supposed to portray;In his fightyng were a wood leon,And as a crueel tigre was Arcite;As wilde bores gonne they to smyte,That frothen whit as foom for ire wood.

Up to the ancle foghte they in hir blood. Yet we must see the conflict in chivalric terms. Rather than a means of affirming the a current news about computer technology, gallantry of these two knights I would argue it works to emphasise Theseus#8217;s chivalric qualities. Thesis Unsw. On finding them in this state he acknowledges loves#8217; violent effects and takes pitee on the two knights. He responds almost sarcastically about the way of the chivalric world,Thus hath hir lord, the god of love, ypayedHir wages and hir fees for hir servyse!Theseus then organises the tournament that is to decide who should live to marry Emelye. This is a typically medieval reaction as a fight to the death amongst nobles was perfectly legal if conducted under the control of a nobleman. Theseus is the noble knight in national contest this case and defines the rules of the great tournament that is to decide the fate of the two lovers. Here there is a vital change of narrative thought, as the Knight appears to grow less sure of the nature of thesis unsw chivalry. The tournament creates death and destruction despite valiant attempts to prevent bloodshed with the ban of certain weapons of in essay quotes war.

There is a noticeable amount of animal imagery within this section of the poem that invites us to believe it was a violent and savage contest. Theseus does not quite achieve what he perhaps hoped to. The death of Arcite envokes questions about the nature of fighting tournaments to win the lady. Critics have suggested A Knight#8217;s Tale demonstrated Chaucer#8217;s distaste of this chivalric practise, viewing it as an outmoded procedure. The Knight begins to doubt the chivalric values of Theseus and knighthood in itself when describing the three temples. He goes into a long meticulous description and in doing so seems to lose control of the narration. He emphasises negatives such as the painting in the temple of Mars in which he depicts a violence that pervades all life. By describing the thesis, terrifying power of the Gods, the Knight reveals an awareness of the dangers of the world and lack of power mere mortals have. About. After promoting the noble nature of Theseus#8217;s authority as a knight he comes to realise that even a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; cannot make much difference in such a cruel world. Thesis. This is reiterated in Theseus#8217;s speech at national essay contest, Arcite#8217;s funeral when he describes life as a foule prisoun.

Despite claiming to not wanting to describe the funeral he goes on to descibe it in great details as though the details of the thesis unsw, event are being forced back into his mind. The description of the a current news about computer technology, perfect knight is appropriate to teller and protagonist and proves to make a vital point within the thesis unsw, story. Critics have said it perhaps answers the question of what the true knight is in essay quotes, worth a little too easily and so we perceive the ideals of the knight in a negative way. I would conclude by saying that the unsw, description of a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht#8221;could easily be said to be appropriate to both Theseus and the narrator and what they aspire to be, but the truth is that perhaps this idealism is unreachable and the tale in fact makes us question the #8220;perfection#8221; of the medieval knight. His final speech in which he realises that by dying young and nobly Arcite has escaped the #8220;foule prisoun#8221; of cause warning life, Thesues proves the lack of power he has to create order despite his authority and nobility. Wetherebee says, #8220;The conqueror whose chivalry had once seemed all sufficient has been humbled.#8221; And so the disorderliness of life is asserted and despite all aspects of chivalric intentions, as humans we are merely puppets to a greater power. The Knight has tried to promote his fellow noblemen within his tale and,#8221;he never abandons chivalric decorum, but we sense that he has again come close to acknowledging the fundamental limitations of the thesis unsw, code by which he lives. #8221; We learn from this that chivalry is by no means faultless and despite trying to promote his perfect knight, the teller has actually come to realise the imperfections that chivalry entails. Although the Knight#8217;s Tale was meant to national essay navy, assert the ordering power of thesis unsw chivalry it becomes clear that it is no real means of thesis controlling life.

It#8217;s rituals and unsw, courtly codes of conduct are made insignificant in view of death caused by war and the overruling power of the Gods. The tale makes us doubt the entire idea of chivalry and makes us question whether it is even possible to what, call any of the knights involved in this essay, narrator or characters #8220;verray parfit#8221; or #8220;gentil.#8221; The Chaucer#8217;s Knights Tale is therefore appropriate to its teller not because both are perfect in their knightliness but because as the tale unravels and the truth about chivalry comes to the forefront, so too does the teller#8217;s narrative prowess. At the start both the teller and thesis, the knights in his tale were visions of perfection. The teller proved his prowess in his eloquent language as the knights in his story behaved gallantly and respectably. As the in essay quotes, story concludes we may doubt both teller and tale and their chivalric notions just as we respected them at the start. They are intricately tied to one another and therefore always appropriate to one another. Bishop, Ian. The narrative art of The Canterbury tales : a critical study of the major poems. London : Dent, 1988Spearing, A.C. Thesis. The Knight#8217;s Tale.

London : Cambridge University Press, 1966. Wetherbee, Winthrop. Article. Geoffery Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989. University/College: University of unsw Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 25 July 2016.

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In order to provide research and/or assessment services to fulfil the Customer’s Order, the thesis UK Study Help will allocate a suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert which it deems to hold appropriate levels of qualification and night writing, experience to thesis undertake the Customer’s Order The UK Study Help undertakes to in essay quotes exercise all reasonable skill and judgment in allocating a suitable Assignment Editing Expert, having regard to the available Assignment Editing Experts’ qualifications, experience and thesis unsw, quality record with us, and to any available information the UK Study Help has about the in essay quotes Customer’s degree or course Once the UK Study Help has located a suitable Assignment Editing Expert and thesis, obtained payment from the Customer, the Customer acknowledges that the Order is binding and no refund will be issued. The Customer will give the UK Study Help clear briefings and ensure that all the facts given about the Order are accurate The UK Study Help will co-operate fully with the Customer and use reasonable care and skill to what can you from essay make the Order provided as successful as is to thesis unsw be expected from a competent UK Study Help. The Customer will help the UK Study Help do this by making available to can you learn from essay the UK Study Help all relevant information at the beginning of the thesis unsw transaction and co-operating with the UK Study Help throughout the night essay writing transaction should the Assignment Editing Expert require any further information or guidance The Customer acknowledges that failure to unsw provide such information or guidance during the course of the transaction may delay the delivery of their Work, and cause essay, that the thesis unsw UK Study Help will not be held responsible for navy, any loss or damage caused as a result of thesis unsw such delay. In such cases the ‘Completion on late night writing, Time Guarantee’ will not apply. Where the Assignment Editing Expert or the UK Study Help requires confirmation of any detail they will contact the Customer using the email address or telephone number provided by the Customer The Customer acknowledges that the thesis UK Study Help may accept instructions received using these modes of contact and may reasonably assume that those instructions are generated from the Customer. Delivery – “Completion on Time Guarantee” The UK Study Help agrees to contest navy facilitate delivery of all Work before midnight on the due date, unless the due date falls on a Sunday, Bank Holiday, Christmas Day, or New Year’s Day (“a Non-Working Day”), in thesis unsw, which case the from essay Work will be delivered the following day before midnight The UK Study Help undertakes that all Work will be completed by the Assignment Editing Expert on time or they will refund the Customer’s money in full and deliver their Work for unsw, free The relevant due date for the purposes of this guarantee is the in essay quotes due date that is set when the order is allocated to an Assignment Editing Expert . Where a variation to the relevant due date is agreed between the UK Study Help and the Customer, a refund is not due The UK Study Help will not be held liable under this guarantee for any lateness due to technical problems that may arise due to third parties or otherwise, including, but not limited to issues caused by Internet Service Providers, Mail Account Providers, Database Software, Incompatible Formats and Hosting Providers. The UK Study Help undertakes that if such technical problems occur with a system that they are directly responsible for thesis unsw, or that third party contractors provide them with, that they will on request provide reasonable proof of these technical problems, so far as such proof is available, or will otherwise honor its Completion On Time Guarantee in full. The UK Study Help will have no obligations whatsoever in essay contest navy, relation to unsw the Completion on Time Guarantee if the delay in the delivery of the Work is as a result of the Customer’s actions – including but not limited to where the Customer has failed to pay an outstanding balance due in relation to news technology the Order, sent in extra information after the order has started or changed any elements of the order instructions. Thesis? Delays on the part of the Customer may result in the relevant due date being changed according to in essay quotes the extent of the unsw delay without activating the in essay quotes Completion On Time Guarantee.

Where the thesis Customer has agreed for ‘staggered delivery’ with the Assignment Editing Expert , the Completion on Time Guarantee relates to the final delivery date of the Work and not to the delivery of individual components of the Work. The Customer agrees that the details provided at the time of placing their Order and making payment may be stored on the UK Study Help’s secure database, on the understanding that these details will not be shared with any third party The UK Study Help agrees that they will not disclose any personal information provided by the Customer other than as required to do so by any lawful authority, and/or to pursue any fraudulent transactions The UK Study Help operates a privacy policy which complies fully with the in essay quotes requirements of the Data Protection Act. Unsw? The UK Study Help’s privacy policy is available on the UK Study Help’s websites and a copy can be provided on request. The Customer may not request amendments to in essay quotes their Order specification after payment has been made or a deposit has been taken and the Order has been assigned to an Assignment Editing Expert The Customer may provide the Assignment Editing Expert with additional supporting information shortly after full payment or a deposit has been taken, provided that this does not add to or conflict with the details contained in their original Order specification If the Customer provides additional information after full payment or a deposit has been taken and this does substantially conflict with the details contained in the original Order specification, the UK Study Help may at their discretion either obtain a quote for the changed specification or reallocate the thesis unsw Order, as soon as is reasonable, to a different Assignment Editing Expert without consulting the Customer. The Customer understands that this may result in a delay in the delivery of their Work for which the UK Study Help will not be held responsible. And Effect Essay? Under these circumstances, the ‘Completion on thesis, Time’ Guarantee will not be payable. The UK Study Help agrees that if the Customer believes that their completed Work does not follow their exact instructions and/or the guarantees of the Assignment Editing Expert as set out on the UK Study Help website, the Customer may request amendments to the Work within 7 days of the delivery date, or longer if they have specifically paid to extend the amendments period. Such amendments will be made free of charge to and effect essay global warning the Customer The Customer is permitted to make one request, containing all details of the required amendments.

This will be sent to unsw the Assignment Editing Expert for in essay quotes, comment. If the request is reasonable, the Assignment Editing Expert will amend the Work and unsw, return it to the Customer within twenty-four hours. The Assignment Editing Expert may request additional time to complete the can you learn from writing essay amendments and this may be granted at the discretion of the unsw Customer. If the UK Study Help agrees to refund the national contest navy Customer in full or part, this refund will be made using the credit or debit card that the thesis unsw Customer used to make their payment initially. If no such card was used (for example, where the Customer deposited the fee directly into the UK Study Help’s bank account) the UK Study Help will offer the about computer Customer a choice of thesis unsw refund via bank transfer or credit towards a future order. All refunds are made at the discretion of the UK Study Help. Unless payment is taken at the time of placing an a current news technology order, once the UK Study Help has found a suitably qualified and experienced Assignment Editing Expert to undertake the Customer’s order, they will contact the Customer by email to take payment. If, at their discretion, the UK Study Help accepts a deposit rather than the thesis full value of the Order, the Customer acknowledges that the full balance will remain outstanding at all times and will be paid to the UK Study Help before the cause and effect essay global delivery date for the Work. The Customer agrees that once an Order is thesis unsw paid for then the Assignment Editing Expert allocated by essay the UK Study Help begins work on that Order, and that the Order may not be cancelled or refunded.

Until payment or a deposit has been made and the Order has been allocated to an Assignment Editing Expert , the Customer may choose to continue with the Order or to cancel the Order at any time The Customer agrees to be bound by the UK Study Help’s refund policies and acknowledges that due to the highly specialized and individual nature of the services that full refunds will only be given in the circumstances outlined in these terms, or other circumstances that occur, in which event any refund or discount is given at the discretion of the UK Study Help. UK Study Help provides well written, customer Assignment and Essay papers to the students. Papers provided are only for the reference purposes to assist the buyer by providing a guideline and the product provided is intended to be used for unsw, research or study purposes. Thesis? The Customer acknowledges that it does not obtain the copyright to the Work supplied through the UK Study Help’s services The Customer acknowledges that the UK Study Help, its employees and the Assignment Editing Expert s on its books do not support or condone plagiarism, and that the UK Study Help reserves the right to refuse supply of services to those suspected of such behavior. The Customer accepts that the UK Study Help offers a service that locates suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert s for the provision of independent personalized research services in order to help students learn and advance educational standards, and that no Work supplied through the UK Study Help may be passed off as the thesis Customer’s own or as anyone else’s, nor be handed in as the Customer’s own work, either in whole or in part. In addition, the Customer undertakes not to carry out any unauthorized distribution, display, or resale of the Work and the Customer agrees to handle the can you a research essay Work in a way that fully respects the fact that the Customer does not hold the thesis unsw copyright to the Work. The Customer acknowledges that if the UK Study Help suspects that any essays or materials are being used in violation of the above rules that the UK Study Help has the right to national navy refuse to carry out thesis, any further work for the person or organization involved and learn a research, that the UK Study Help bears no liability for any such undetected and/or unauthorized use The UK Study Help agrees that all Work supplied through its service will not be resold, or distributed, for remuneration or otherwise after its completion. Thesis? The UK Study Help also undertakes that Work will not be placed on any website or essay bank after it has been completed. Simon Evans ( Student ) The manner UK study help has removed grammatical, spelling and different mistakes from my research paper, it modified into amazing.

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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to find gainful employment and finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to find a job now than it’s been in thesis unsw decades. That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for national contest navy effective interviewee skills, the absolute most important step for getting hired is thesis writing a winning Curriculum Vitae. Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of what can you a research, dozens or more applicants that begin to blend together after a while.

You want your most relevant skills and experience to jump off the page and thesis unsw, grab the attention of the person responsible for reviewing the group of CVs in which yours is stacked or filed online. Direct access to resume templates advices. 1. Choose your favorite Curriculum Vitae. 2. Late. Download selected resumes on your desktop. No front page content has been created yet. How To Write a Winning Curriculum Vitae. Understand What Makes a Great Resume. Many job applicants are under a misconception that a great Curriculum Vitae means fluffing up terms, adding lots of jobs and experience, listing as many skills as possible, and engaging in other overkill tactics. Excessive and irrelevant information only clutters the page and makes it more difficult to find the thesis unsw, skills and information for article which your prospective employer is thesis unsw searching. The best resumes are those that are concise and specific to the job being sought.

As such, a separate resume should be used for each job if the required skills, education, and experience are different. At the end of this article, we will review a few time saving tips building each specific Curriculum Vitae. First, though, let’s take a look at how to write a winning CV. Review All Job Description Material and More (If Necessary) While some employers seem to be in the habit of what learn a research essay, posting as little information as possible, others provide a great deal of valuable information relevant to not only the skills, experience, and education of a desired employee, but also the description, expectations, and demands of the job itself. Acquire as much information as you can about the position. Unsw. If the contest navy, employer provided you with pages and pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume. Unsw. If the in essay quotes, employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by thesis reviewing the website or even calling and asking for details. The more you know about essay contest navy, your prospective employers, the more power you have to show them a picture-perfect employee on paper.

If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying. Thesis. Also, understand that it may be very difficult to thesis language find a job that matches your education or the bulk of your experience. You may have to begin at an entry level position in a company that seeks supervisory and upper management applicants from within. If this is the thesis, case, be extremely careful about divulging the extent of your education, experience, and from writing a research essay, salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’. However insulting or degrading it may feel, the reality is that at some point you just have to accept that options are limited and be willing to ‘dumb it down’ a bit to secure employment. Just think, though: In the next few months after you’re hired, you’ll have a chance to excel beyond expectation and thesis unsw, increase your odds of recognition and promotion. Use Only Relevant Terms, Skills, and Experience. If you feel the need to add more information to your curriculum vitae than what’s absolutely relevant, make sure that the most compelling details are on the first page and that it’s not crowded with words.

In addition to your contact information, you should have: Relevant skills, relevant experience, and relevant education. If you have multiple jobs dating back for a number of years, try to list only the most relevant jobs within the past 5-7 years on the first page and late essay, either make a note that a more extensive job history is thesis unsw available upon request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in case the reviewer is so inclined to papers read it. Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of outdated and irrelevant details take away from the razzle and dazzle of the first page of your resume. Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience. Yes, you need experience to thesis demonstrate the fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to know the capabilities you have that are relevant to the job for night writing which you’re applying.

The Verbiage of thesis, Your Curriculum Vitae. You want your C.V to sound professional, but it doesn’t have to sound like it came out and effect essay global of the thesis unsw, Oxford Dictionary. And Effect Essay. Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and pieces of concise and relevant information to present a snapshot of what you have to offer. Refer to thesis the job description and other material posted by late your prospective employers. If they used industry-specific jargon, use the same jargon wherever applicable. Review their posted list of required skills and job duties and use it as a guide for listing all of your valid and applicable skills and job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on the job description by your prospective employer, consider leaving them out. Unsw. If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page. Instead, attach them at the top of the page containing your extensive job history.

You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to read and make every word count. In order to accomplish this, you need to use a font of at news about computer technology least 10-12 and make each section of your document stand out from the next by staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at the top in the center. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in thesis unsw which my skills and cause global warning, talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the page, your next sections should be small and centered. This would be a great place to list your skills. Thesis Unsw. If you place your employment in the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. Essay Writing. Make a table with 2 columns and a few rows (just enough for your most relevant jobs). Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in unsw the left column and your job duties on the right. Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references.

If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to review. You can post a sentence on the bottom of night writing, your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to unsw call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested. If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in essay contest between each section, increase the font size of your name. If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on your Curriculum Vitae. Cover letters are easy to disregard if an employer isn’t interested, and they can help to set you aside from other applicants if there is an interest in learning more about thesis unsw, you by reading your cover letter. You can either use the outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and the basic sections you will need to fill out per can you application. Save the outline and consistent information in a master file, and once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it.

To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the thesis, same name and changing only the last word. For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. Replace the papers, word ‘Company’ with each different place to thesis which you submit your curriculum. How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is undoubtedly difficult in and effect global warning today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the most important step you can towards landing the job of their dreams. Why is thesis writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at your resume. In Essay Quotes. Even the most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter.

How do you write a cover letter that not only thesis, a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is national not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an thesis employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to in essay quotes a poorly written cover letter, the employer won’t even bother to read the cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to use plenty of white space. You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs. Follow the thesis unsw, guidelines for writing a basic business letter and cause, be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead.

Your letterhead should be the same letterhead that appears on your resume. This is your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of it. Potential employers want to know how you heard about the position. You should also identify the specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for this position. Unsw. Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and in essay quotes, this isn’t the thesis unsw, time to be a rebel. Finally, set the tone for the rest of the letter, and briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea.

If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of thesis language papers, all the schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken. Determine which aspect of thesis, your education is most important to the position you’re applying for contest and present it here. A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Thesis Unsw. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to an interview.

You need to and effect global warning reference your resume and any other included attachments. Thesis. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to national essay be invited to an interview. Finally, state the easiest way for the employer to unsw reach you, referring to a current the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. Thesis. Place the cover letter aside for language papers a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to proofread your cover letter. Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to thesis unsw an interview. The rest is up to you! How to prepare for a winning job interview.

In a competitive market for essay available jobs, potential candidates should put in unsw the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the seller is to what writing a research essay sell yourself. Thesis Unsw. You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Assume your resume and cover letter is in warning a pile on a desk with plenty of unsw, others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. National Essay. If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to unsw the next step, however, too arrogant and thesis language papers, doors will close. You have to put yourself in thesis unsw the shoes of the interviewer and determine your moves every step of the essay navy, way.

Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization. Unsw. By researching and probing how you can make an and effect warning impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for the position. After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the job tomorrow. You want to contact somebody who does the same job at thesis unsw the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for the position within the what can you learn a research, organization and the industry as a whole. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Unsw. Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the in essay quotes, position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. Thesis. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for years have not expressed such aptitude.

Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done. Reaching out to a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about how to perform their jobs better, tap into thesis, that information for free and then add your own spin. Use the power of imagination to stand out unsw from the crowd, everybody else is going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over in essay quotes, the web. Thesis. If you want to thesis language make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural.

Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster All the thesis unsw, Curriculum Vitae templates are at essay navy your disposal without any guaranty. The use of these Curriculum samples is at thesis your sole risk.