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My Personal Strengths and Weaknesses Essay -- Personal Narrative
brutus essays 11 October 18, 1787. To the Citizens of the State of New-York. When the public is called to investigate and decide upon a question in which not only the present members of the community are deeply interested, but upon which the happiness and misery of generations yet unborn is in great measure suspended, the benevolent mind cannot help feeling itself peculiarly interested in the result. In this situation, I trust the feeble efforts of an individual, to lead the minds of the people to a wise and and weaknesses, prudent determination, cannot fail of being acceptable to the candid and dispassionate part of the community. Encouraged by this consideration, I have been induced to offer my thoughts upon the present important crisis of our public affairs. Perhaps this country never saw so critical a period in editor their political concerns. We have felt the feebleness of the ties by which these United-States are held together, and essay and weaknesses writing, the want of sufficient energy in our present confederation, to manage, in some instances, our general concerns. Various expedients have been proposed to remedy these evils, but none have succeeded. At length a Convention of the states has been assembled, they have formed a constitution which will now, probably, be submitted to the people to ratify or reject, who are the fountain of all power, to whom alone it of right belongs to make or unmake constitutions, or forms of government, at of a paper, their pleasure. The most important question that was ever proposed to your decision, or to the decision of any people under heaven, is before you, and you are to decide upon it by essay writing men of your own election, chosen specially for essay ib tok, this purpose.
If the constitution, offered to essay writing, [your acceptance], be a wise one, calculated to preserve the invaluable blessings of liberty, to secure the inestimable rights of mankind, and promote human happiness, then, if you accept it, you will lay a lasting foundation of happiness for millions yet unborn; generations to come will rise up and importance of a research, call you blessed. Essay Writing? You may rejoice in the prospects of this vast extended continent becoming filled with freemen, who will assert the dignity of human nature. You may solace yourselves with the idea, that society, in this favoured land, will fast advance to the highest point of perfection; the human mind will expand in knowledge and virtue, and the golden age be, in some measure, realised. But if, on the other hand, this form of government contains principles that will lead to the subversion of liberty — if it tends to establish a despotism, or, what is worse, a tyrannic aristocracy; then, if you adopt it, this only remaining assylum for liberty will be [shut] up, and posterity will execrate your memory. Momentous then is the question you have to determine, and you are called upon by every motive which should influence a noble and virtuous mind, to examine it well, and to make up a wise judgment. It is insisted, indeed, that this constitution must be received, be it ever so imperfect. If it has its defects, it is said, they can be best amended when they are experienced.
But remember, when the essay ib tok people once part with power, they can seldom or never resume it again but by essay writing force. Many instances can be produced in which the people have voluntarily increased the essay editor powers of their rulers; but few, if any, in which rulers have willingly abridged their authority. This is a sufficient reason to induce you to strengths writing, be careful, in the first instance, how you deposit the powers of government. With these few introductory remarks I shall proceed to from books in essay, a consideration of this constitution: The first question that presents itself on the subject is, whether a confederated government be the best for the United States or not? Or in other words, whether the thirteen United States should be reduced to one great republic, governed by essay one legislature, and under the direction of one executive and essays, judicial; or whether they should continue thirteen confederated republics, under the strengths and weaknesses writing direction and controul of a supreme federal head for certain defined national purposes only? This enquiry is important, because, although the government reported by the convention does not go to a perfect and editor, entire consolidation, yet it approaches so near to it, that it must, if executed, certainly and infallibly terminate in it. This government is to possess absolute and uncontroulable power, legislative, executive and judicial, with respect to essay and weaknesses writing, every object to which it extends, for by the last clause of section 8th, article Ist, it is french essay, declared “that the Congress shall have power to make all laws which shall be necessary and strengths writing, proper for carrying into essays spring and fall execution the and weaknesses foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution, in the government of the United States; or in any department or office thereof.” And by the 6th article, it is declared “that this constitution, and the laws of the theory of knowledge United States, which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and writing, the treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and french essay, the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in strengths writing the constitution, or law of any state to the contrary notwithstanding.” It appears from these articles that there is no need of any intervention of the state governments, between the Congress and the people, to execute any one power vested in the general government, and that the constitution and laws of every state are nullified and declared void, so far as they are or shall be inconsistent with this constitution, or the laws made in pursuance of it, or with treaties made under the authority of the United States. — The government then, so far as it extends, is a complete one, and quote books in essay, not a confederation. It is as much one complete government as that of New-York or Massachusetts, has as absolute and perfect powers to make and execute all laws, to appoint officers, institute courts, declare offences, and annex penalties, with respect to essay and weaknesses, every object to which it extends, as any other in the world. So far therefore as its powers reach, all ideas of essays spring and fall, confederation are given up and essay writing, lost. It is true this government is limited to certain objects, or to of a, speak more properly, some small degree of power is still left to the states, but a little attention to the powers vested in the general government, will convince every candid man, that if it is capable of being executed, all that is reserved for the individual states must very soon be annihilated, except so far as they are barely necessary to the organization of the and weaknesses general government.
The powers of the general legislature extend to math essays, every case that is of the least importance — there is nothing valuable to human nature, nothing dear to freemen, but what is within its power. It has authority to make laws which will affect the lives, the liberty, and property of every man in the United States; nor can the constitution or laws of any state, in any way prevent or impede the full and complete execution of every power given. The legislative power is competent to lay taxes, duties, imposts, and excises; — there is no limitation to this power, unless it be said that the clause which directs the use to which those taxes, and duties shall be applied, may be said to be a limitation; but this is strengths and weaknesses, no restriction of the power at all, for criteria, by this clause they are to be applied to pay the debts and essay strengths and weaknesses, provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States; but the legislature have authority to contract debts at their discretion; they are the sole judges of what is necessary to provide for the common defence, and essay ib tok, they only essay strengths and weaknesses are to determine what is for the general welfare: this power therefore is neither more nor less, than a power to lay and essay ib tok, collect taxes, imposts, and excises, at their pleasure; not only the power to lay taxes unlimited, as to the amount they may require, but it is perfect and absolute to raise them in any mode they please. No state legislature, or any power in the state governments, have any more to do in carrying this into effect, than the authority of one state has to do with that of another. Essay Strengths And Weaknesses? In the business therefore of laying and collecting taxes, the idea of confederation is totally lost, and that of one entire republic is embraced.
It is proper here to remark, that the authority to lay and collect taxes is the most important of any power that can be granted; it connects with it almost all other powers, or at least will in process of time draw all other after it; it is the great mean of protection, security, and defence, in a good government, and the great engine of math essays, oppression and tyranny in a bad one. This cannot fail of essay strengths writing, being the case, if we consider the contracted limits which are set by this constitution, to the late governments, on this article of raising money. No state can emit paper money — lay any duties, or imposts, on essay ib tok imports, or exports, but by writing consent of the Congress; and then the net produce shall be for the benefit of the United States. Essay Ib Tok? The only strengths writing mean therefore left, for any state to support its government and discharge its debts, is by direct taxation; and the United States have also power to lay and collect taxes, in any way they please. Every one who has thought on the subject, must be convinced that but small sums of money can be collected in any country, by direct taxe[s], when the foederal government begins to from in essay, exercise the right of strengths and weaknesses, taxation in all its parts, the legislatures of the theory essay several states will find it impossible to raise monies to support their governments.
Without money they cannot be supported, and they must dwindle away, and, as before observed, their powers absorbed in that of the general government. It might be here shewn, that the power in the federal legislative, to essay strengths and weaknesses writing, raise and support armies at pleasure, as well in peace as in war, and their controul over the militia, tend, not only to a consolidation of the government, but the destruction of liberty. — I shall not, however, dwell upon these, as a few observations upon the judicial power of this government, in addition to the preceding, will fully evince the truth of the position. The judicial power of the United States is to be vested in a supreme court, and in such inferior courts as Congress may from time to time ordain and math essays, establish. The powers of these courts are very extensive; their jurisdiction comprehends all civil causes, except such as arise between citizens of the same state; and it extends to all cases in essay strengths law and equity arising under the constitution. Quote Books? One inferior court must be established, I presume, in each state at least, with the necessary executive officers appendant thereto. It is easy to essay strengths writing, see, that in math essays the common course of things, these courts will eclipse the dignity, and take away from the respectability, of the state courts. These courts will be, in and weaknesses themselves, totally independent of the states, deriving their authority from the United States, and receiving from them fixed salaries; and in the course of human events it is to be expected, that they will swallow up all the powers of the in essay courts in the respective states. How far the clause in the 8th section of the Ist article may operate to do away all idea of confederated states, and to effect an entire consolidation of the essay whole into one general government, it is impossible to french essay, say.
The powers given by this article are very general and comprehensive, and it may receive a construction to justify the passing almost any law. A power to make all laws, which shall be necessary and proper, for carrying into execution, all powers vested by the constitution in the government of the United States, or any department or officer thereof, is a power very comprehensive and definite, and strengths and weaknesses writing, may, for ought I know, be exercised in a such manner as entirely to abolish the state legislatures. Suppose the legislature of french essay, a state should pass a law to raise money to support their government and pay the state debt, may the Congress repeal this law, because it may prevent the collection of a tax which they may think proper and necessary to lay, to provide for strengths and weaknesses writing, the general welfare of the United States? For all laws made, in pursuance of this constitution, are the quote in essay supreme lay of the essay land, and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the constitution or laws of the different states to the contrary notwithstanding. Importance Of A? — By such a law, the government of a particular state might be overturned at one stroke, and thereby be deprived of every means of its support. It is not meant, by stating this case, to essay strengths writing, insinuate that the constitution would warrant a law of this kind; or unnecessarily to alarm the essays spring fears of the strengths people, by suggesting, that the federal legislature would be more likely to essay, pass the limits assigned them by the constitution, than that of an individual state, further than they are less responsible to the people. But what is meant is, that the legislature of the United States are vested with the strengths and weaknesses writing great and uncontroulable powers, of laying and collecting taxes, duties, imposts, and excises; of regulating trade, raising and supporting armies, organizing, arming, and disciplining the essay ib tok militia, instituting courts, and other general powers. And are by this clause invested with the power of making all laws, proper and and weaknesses writing, necessary, for carrying all these into execution; and they may so exercise this power as entirely to annihilate all the state governments, and reduce this country to one single government. And if they may do it, it is importance, pretty certain they will; for it will be found that the power retained by individual states, small as it is, will be a clog upon the wheels of the government of the United States; the latter therefore will be naturally inclined to remove it out of the strengths writing way. Besides, it is a truth confirmed by the unerring experience of ages, that every man, and every body of men, invested with power, are ever disposed to increase it, and to acquire a superiority over every thing that stands in their way. French? This disposition, which is implanted in human nature, will operate in the federal legislature to lessen and and weaknesses writing, ultimately to subvert the state authority, and quote from in essay, having such advantages, will most certainly succeed, if the federal government succeeds at all.
It must be very evident then, that what this constitution wants of essay strengths, being a complete consolidation of the several parts of the union into one complete government, possessed of perfect legislative, judicial, and executive powers, to all intents and purposes, it will necessarily acquire in its exercise and operation. Let us now proceed to enquire, as I at first proposed, whether it be best the thirteen United States should be reduced to one great republic, or not? It is here taken for granted, that all agree in this, that whatever government we adopt, it ought to be a free one; that it should be so framed as to secure the liberty of the citizens of spring and fall, America, and such an one as to admit of a full, fair, and equal representation of the people. The question then will be, whether a government thus constituted, and founded on such principles, is practicable, and can be exercised over strengths and weaknesses the whole United States, reduced into one state? If respect is to be paid to the opinion of the greatest and wisest men who have ever thought or wrote on essays the science of government, we shall be constrained to conclude, that a free republic cannot succeed over a country of such immense extent, containing such a number of essay and weaknesses, inhabitants, and these encreasing in such rapid progression as that of the whole United States. Among the many illustrious authorities which might be produced to this point, I shall content myself with quoting only two. The one is the essay ib tok baron de Montesquieu, spirit of laws, chap. xvi. vol. I [book VIII]. “It is essay and weaknesses, natural to a republic to have only a small territory, otherwise it cannot long subsist.
In a large republic there are men of large fortunes, and consequently of math essays, less moderation; there are trusts too great to strengths and weaknesses, be placed in importance of a research any single subject; he has interest of his own; he soon begins to think that he may be happy, great and glorious, by oppressing his fellow citizens; and that he may raise himself to grandeur on the ruins of his country. In a large republic, the public good is sacrificed to a thousand views; it is and weaknesses writing, subordinate to exceptions, and depends on accidents. In a small one, the interest of the public is theory of knowledge essay criteria, easier perceived, better understood, and more within the reach of every citizen; abuses are of writing, less extent, and of course are less protected.” Of the same opinion is the marquis Beccarari. History furnishes no example of a free republic, any thing like the extent of the United States. The Grecian republics were of essay ib tok, small extent; so also was that of the Romans. Both of these, it is true, in process of and weaknesses, time, extended their conquests over large territories of essay ib tok, country; and writing, the consequence was, that their governments were changed from that of free governments to those of the most tyrannical that ever existed in the world. Not only the opinion of the greatest men, and importance of a paper, the experience of mankind, are against the idea of an extensive republic, but a variety of reasons may be drawn from the strengths and weaknesses reason and nature of things, against it. In every government, the will of the sovereign is the law. In despotic governments, the supreme authority being lodged in one, his will is law, and can be as easily expressed to research paper, a large extensive territory as to a small one. In a pure democracy the people are the sovereign, and essay strengths and weaknesses, their will is declared by themselves; for this purpose they must all come together to deliberate, and decide.
This kind of government cannot be exercised, therefore, over a country of any considerable extent; it must be confined to a single city, or at least limited to such bounds as that the people can conveniently assemble, be able to debate, understand the subject submitted to them, and declare their opinion concerning it. In a free republic, although all laws are derived from the consent of the importance research paper people, yet the people do not declare their consent by themselves in person, but by essay strengths and weaknesses representatives, chosen by them, who are supposed to know the minds of their constituents, and to of knowledge, be possessed of integrity to declare this mind. Strengths And Weaknesses Writing? In every free government, the people must give their assent to the laws by which they are governed. This is the true criterion between a free government and an arbitrary one. The former are ruled by in essay the will of the writing whole, expressed in any manner they may agree upon; the latter by the will of one, or a few. If the people are to give their assent to the laws, by persons chosen and appointed by them, the manner of the choice and the number chosen, must be such, as to possess, be disposed, and importance of a, consequently qualified to declare the sentiments of the people; for if they do not know, or are not disposed to speak the sentiments of the people, the people do not govern, but the strengths writing sovereignty is in a few. Now, in a large extended country, it is impossible to have a representation, possessing the sentiments, and of integrity, to declare the books minds of the people, without having it so numerous and unwieldly, as to be subject in great measure to essay strengths writing, the inconveniency of a democratic government. The territory of the spring and fall United States is of vast extent; it now contains near three millions of souls, and is capable of containing much more than ten times that number.
Is it practicable for a country, so large and strengths and weaknesses, so numerous as they will soon become, to elect a representation, that will speak their sentiments, without their becoming so numerous as to be incapable of transacting public business? It certainly is not. In a republic, the manners, sentiments, and interests of the people should be similar. If this be not the case, there will be a constant clashing of opinions; and the representatives of importance of a research, one part will be continually striving against essay and weaknesses, those of the other. This will retard the operations of government, and books in essay, prevent such conclusions as will promote the public good. If we apply this remark to the condition of the United States, we shall be convinced that it forbids that we should be one government. The United States includes a variety of climates. The productions of the different parts of the union are very variant, and their interests, of strengths and weaknesses writing, consequence, diverse. Their manners and habits differ as much as their climates and productions; and their sentiments are by no means coincident.
The laws and customs of the several states are, in math essays many respects, very diverse, and in some opposite; each would be in favor of its own interests and customs, and, of consequence, a legislature, formed of representatives from the respective parts, would not only be too numerous to act with any care or decision, but would be composed of such heterogenous and discordant principles, as would constantly be contending with each other. The laws cannot be executed in a republic, of an extent equal to that of the United States, with promptitude. The magistrates in every government must be supported in the execution of the laws, either by an armed force, maintained at strengths, the public expence for spring, that purpose; or by the people turning out to aid the essay and weaknesses writing magistrate upon his command, in case of resistance. In despotic governments, as well as in all the editor monarchies of Europe, standing armies are kept up to and weaknesses writing, execute the commands of the prince or the math essays magistrate, and are employed for this purpose when occasion requires: But they have always proved the destruction of liberty, and [are] abhorrent to the spirit of a free republic. In England, where they depend upon the parliament for their annual support, they have always been complained of as oppressive and unconstitutional, and are seldom employed in executing of the laws; never except on extraordinary occasions, and essay strengths writing, then under the direction of a civil magistrate. A free republic will never keep a standing army to books in essay, execute its laws. It must depend upon the support of its citizens. But when a government is to essay and weaknesses writing, receive its support from the essay ib tok aid of the citizens, it must be so constructed as to have the confidence, respect, and affection of the people. Men who, upon the call of the magistrate, offer themselves to execute the laws, are influenced to do it either by affection to the government, or from fear; where a standing army is at hand to punish offenders, every man is actuated by the latter principle, and therefore, when the magistrate calls, will obey: but, where this is not the case, the government must rest for its support upon the confidence and respect which the people have for their government and laws. The body of the people being attached, the government will always be sufficient to support and execute its laws, and to operate upon the fears of any faction which may be opposed to it, not only to essay strengths and weaknesses, prevent an opposition to the execution of the laws themselves, but also to compel the essays and fall most of them to essay strengths, aid the of knowledge criteria magistrate; but the people will not be likely to have such confidence in their rulers, in a republic so extensive as the United States, as necessary for these purposes.
The confidence which the people have in their rulers, in a free republic, arises from their knowing them, from their being responsible to them for their conduct, and essay writing, from the power they have of displacing them when they misbehave: but in a republic of the extent of this continent, the people in paper general would be acquainted with very few of their rulers: the people at large would know little of their proceedings, and it would be extremely difficult to change them. The people in Georgia and New-Hampshire would not know one another’s mind, and strengths, therefore could not act in concert to enable them to quote from books in essay, effect a general change of representatives. And Weaknesses? The different parts of so extensive a country could not possibly be made acquainted with the conduct of their representatives, nor be informed of the reasons upon which measures were founded. The consequence will be, they will have no confidence in their legislature, suspect them of ambitious views, be jealous of every measure they adopt, and will not support the laws they pass. Hence the government will be nerveless and inefficient, and math essays, no way will be left to render it otherwise, but by establishing an armed force to execute the laws at and weaknesses, the point of the bayonet — a government of all others the most to be dreaded. In a republic of such vast extent as the United-States, the legislature cannot attend to the various concerns and wants of its different parts. It cannot be sufficiently numerous to be acquainted with the local condition and wants of the different districts, and if it could, it is impossible it should have sufficient time to attend to french essay, and provide for strengths, all the variety of cases of this nature, that would be continually arising. In so extensive a republic, the great officers of government would soon become above the controul of the people, and abuse their power to the purpose of aggrandizing themselves, and oppressing them. The trust committed to the executive offices, in a country of the extent of the United-States, must be various and of magnitude. The command of all the troops and navy of the republic, the appointment of french essay editor, officers, the power of strengths, pardoning offences, the collecting of all the public revenues, and math essays, the power of expending them, with a number of other powers, must be lodged and exercised in strengths and weaknesses every state, in french the hands of a few.
When these are attended with great honor and emolument, as they always will be in large states, so as greatly to interest men to pursue them, and to be proper objects for ambitious and designing men, such men will be ever restless in their pursuit after them. They will use the power, when they have acquired it, to the purposes of gratifying their own interest and ambition, and it is scarcely possible, in a very large republic, to essay, call them to account for their misconduct, or to prevent their abuse of power. These are some of the reasons by which it appears, that a free republic cannot long subsist over a country of the great extent of these states. If then this new constitution is calculated to quote from books in essay, consolidate the thirteen states into one, as it evidently is, it ought not to be adopted. Though I am of writing, opinion, that it is a sufficient objection to this government, to reject it, that it creates the whole union into one government, under the form of a republic, yet if this objection was obviated, there are exceptions to it, which are so material and of knowledge criteria, fundamental, that they ought to determine every man, who is a friend to the liberty and happiness of mankind, not to adopt it. I beg the candid and dispassionate attention of writing, my countrymen while I state these objections — they are such as have obtruded themselves upon my mind upon a careful attention to the matter, and such as I sincerely believe are well founded.
There are many objections, of small moment, of which I shall take no notice — perfection is not to be expected in any thing that is the production of man — and if I did not in my conscience believe that this scheme was defective in math essays the fundamental principles — in the foundation upon which a free and equal government must rest — I would hold my peace. Essay? Source: The Complete Anti-Federalist , ed. Importance Of A Paper? Herbert J. Storing (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1981) Volume Two, Part 2, 363-372. When the new Constitution was proposed for ratification in 1787, the American people deliberated freely and publicly, especially in newspaper editorials, about whether to accept or reject a form of government for strengths writing, themselves. Antifederalists (those who opposed immediate ratification) contributed to the public debate by math essays questioning whether the proposed Constitution would lead to the security or destruction of the essay and weaknesses writing rights Americans then enjoyed under their state constitutions. One of the most eloquent Antifederalists, writing under the pseudonym Brutus, voiced a concern shared by many Americans: Could a widely dispersed and diverse people be united under one government without sacrificing the blessings of essay ib tok, liberty and strengths, self-government? Brutus’ powerful arguments prompted Federalists to articulate a more thorough explanation of what the Constitution meant and why it should be ratified. Taken together, the Federalist and Antifederalist debates over importance research paper the Constitution provide Americans with a deeply insightful conversation about politics, human nature, and the difficulties of establishing good government. Questions for consideration: Why is and weaknesses writing, ratification the most important question any people has ever had to decide?
With which powers of the new government is Brutus especially concerned? Why does Brutus believe that a republic as large as the theory of knowledge criteria one proposed by the Constitution will lead to tyranny? Centinel I by Centinel | October 05, 1787. Brutus IV by Brutus | November 29, 1787. Federalist No.
10 by strengths and weaknesses writing Publius (James Madison) | November 22, 1787. Federalist No. 38 by Publius (James Madison) | January 12, 1788. Federalist No. 39 by Publius (James Madison) | January 16, 1788.
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My Strengths and Weaknesses in Writing: Personal Experience
Obama’s Health Care Speech to Congress. Following is the prepared text of essay and weaknesses, President Obama’s speech to Congress on essay, the need to overhaul health care in the United States, as released by the White House. Madame Speaker, Vice President Biden, Members of Congress, and the American people: When I spoke here last winter, this nation was facing the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. We were losing an average of 700,000 jobs per month. Essay Strengths. Credit was frozen. Essay Ib Tok. And our financial system was on the verge of collapse. As any American who is still looking for work or a way to pay their bills will tell you, we are by no means out of the woods. Essay Strengths. A full and vibrant recovery is many months away.
And I will not let up until those Americans who seek jobs can find them; until those businesses that seek capital and from credit can thrive; until all responsible homeowners can stay in their homes. That is our ultimate goal. But thanks to the bold and decisive action we have taken since January, I can stand here with confidence and say that we have pulled this economy back from the brink. I want to essay thank the members of this body for your efforts and your support in these last several months, and especially those who have taken the and fall, difficult votes that have put us on a path to recovery. Essay Writing. I also want to thank the American people for their patience and resolve during this trying time for our nation. But we did not come here just to clean up crises. We came to build a future. Essays Spring And Fall. So tonight, I return to speak to all of you about an strengths writing, issue that is criteria central to that future – and strengths and weaknesses that is the issue of health care. I am not the first President to take up this cause, but I am determined to be the math essays, last. Writing. It has now been nearly a century since Theodore Roosevelt first called for health care reform. And ever since, nearly every President and Congress, whether Democrat or Republican, has attempted to meet this challenge in some way.
A bill for comprehensive health reform was first introduced by John Dingell Sr. in 1943. Math Essays. Sixty-five years later, his son continues to introduce that same bill at the beginning of each session. Our collective failure to meet this challenge – year after year, decade after decade – has led us to a breaking point. Writing. Everyone understands the spring and fall, extraordinary hardships that are placed on and weaknesses, the uninsured, who live every day just one accident or illness away from bankruptcy. These are not primarily people on welfare. Quote From Books. These are middle-class Americans. And Weaknesses Writing. Some can't get insurance on the job.
Others are self-employed, and can't afford it, since buying insurance on your own costs you three times as much as the coverage you get from your employer. Theory Of Knowledge. Many other Americans who are willing and able to and weaknesses writing pay are still denied insurance due to previous illnesses or conditions that insurance companies decide are too risky or expensive to cover. We are the only advanced democracy on Earth – the only wealthy nation – that allows such hardships for millions of its people. There are now more than thirty million American citizens who cannot get coverage. Quote From Books. In just a two year period, one in every three Americans goes without health care coverage at some point. And Weaknesses Writing. And every day, 14,000 Americans lose their coverage. In other words, it can happen to anyone. But the problem that plagues the health care system is not just a problem of the uninsured. Those who do have insurance have never had less security and theory essay stability than they do today. More and more Americans worry that if you move, lose your job, or change your job, you'll lose your health insurance too.
More and more Americans pay their premiums, only to discover that their insurance company has dropped their coverage when they get sick, or won't pay the full cost of care. It happens every day. One man from Illinois lost his coverage in strengths and weaknesses writing, the middle of chemotherapy because his insurer found that he hadn't reported gallstones that he didn't even know about. They delayed his treatment, and he died because of it. Of Knowledge. Another woman from essay writing, Texas was about to get a double mastectomy when her insurance company canceled her policy because she forgot to declare a case of spring and fall, acne. By the essay strengths and weaknesses, time she had her insurance reinstated, her breast cancer more than doubled in size. That is heart-breaking, it is wrong, and no one should be treated that way in the United States of America. Then there's the problem of paper, rising costs. We spend one-and-a-half times more per person on health care than any other country, but we aren't any healthier for it. This is one of the reasons that insurance premiums have gone up three times faster than wages.
It's why so many employers – especially small businesses – are forcing their employees to pay more for insurance, or are dropping their coverage entirely. It's why so many aspiring entrepreneurs cannot afford to open a business in the first place, and why American businesses that compete internationally – like our automakers – are at a huge disadvantage. And it's why those of us with health insurance are also paying a hidden and growing tax for those without it – about $1000 per year that pays for somebody else's emergency room and charitable care. Finally, our health care system is and weaknesses writing placing an unsustainable burden on essay ib tok, taxpayers. Essay And Weaknesses Writing. When health care costs grow at the rate they have, it puts greater pressure on programs like Medicare and Medicaid. If we do nothing to slow these skyrocketing costs, we will eventually be spending more on essays, Medicare and Medicaid than every other government program combined. Put simply, our health care problem is our deficit problem. Nothing else even comes close. These are the facts. Essay And Weaknesses Writing. Nobody disputes them. We know we must reform this system.
The question is how. There are those on essay ib tok, the left who believe that the and weaknesses writing, only way to fix the system is through a single-payer system like Canada's, where we would severely restrict the private insurance market and have the government provide coverage for everyone. On the essay ib tok, right, there are those who argue that we should end the employer-based system and leave individuals to buy health insurance on strengths, their own. I have to say that there are arguments to be made for both approaches. But either one would represent a radical shift that would disrupt the health care most people currently have. Since health care represents one-sixth of our economy, I believe it makes more sense to build on essay, what works and fix what doesn't, rather than try to build an entirely new system from scratch.
And that is precisely what those of you in Congress have tried to do over essay and weaknesses, the past several months. During that time, we have seen Washington at its best and its worst. We have seen many in this chamber work tirelessly for the better part of this year to offer thoughtful ideas about importance, how to achieve reform. Of the five committees asked to develop bills, four have completed their work, and the Senate Finance Committee announced today that it will move forward next week. That has never happened before.
Our overall efforts have been supported by an unprecedented coalition of doctors and nurses; hospitals, seniors' groups and essay strengths and weaknesses writing even drug companies – many of whom opposed reform in the past. And there is agreement in this chamber on about eighty percent of math essays, what needs to be done, putting us closer to the goal of and weaknesses writing, reform than we have ever been. But what we have also seen in criteria, these last months is the same partisan spectacle that only hardens the disdain many Americans have toward their own government. Instead of honest debate, we have seen scare tactics. Some have dug into unyielding ideological camps that offer no hope of strengths writing, compromise. Too many have used this as an opportunity to score short-term political points, even if it robs the country of our opportunity to solve a long-term challenge. And out of quote from in essay, this blizzard of charges and counter-charges, confusion has reigned. Well the time for bickering is over. Essay Writing. The time for games has passed. Now is the season for action.
Now is when we must bring the best ideas of essay, both parties together, and show the strengths, American people that we can still do what we were sent here to do. Now is the time to math essays deliver on health care. The plan I'm announcing tonight would meet three basic goals: It will provide more security and stability to those who have health insurance. It will provide insurance to essay and weaknesses writing those who don't. In Essay. And it will slow the growth of health care costs for our families, our businesses, and our government. And Weaknesses Writing. It's a plan that asks everyone to take responsibility for french meeting this challenge – not just government and insurance companies, but employers and individuals. And it's a plan that incorporates ideas from Senators and Congressmen; from Democrats and Republicans – and essay writing yes, from some of my opponents in math essays, both the primary and general election. Here are the details that every American needs to strengths writing know about this plan:
First, if you are among the math essays, hundreds of essay strengths and weaknesses, millions of Americans who already have health insurance through your job, Medicare, Medicaid, or the VA, nothing in essays spring and fall, this plan will require you or your employer to change the coverage or the doctor you have. Let me repeat this: nothing in our plan requires you to change what you have. What this plan will do is to make the insurance you have work better for you. Under this plan, it will be against the law for insurance companies to and weaknesses writing deny you coverage because of essay ib tok, a pre-existing condition. As soon as I sign this bill, it will be against the law for insurance companies to drop your coverage when you get sick or water it down when you need it most. They will no longer be able to place some arbitrary cap on the amount of coverage you can receive in essay and weaknesses, a given year or a lifetime. We will place a limit on how much you can be charged for out-of-pocket expenses, because in the United States of America, no one should go broke because they get sick. And insurance companies will be required to of a research paper cover, with no extra charge, routine checkups and preventive care, like mammograms and colonoscopies – because there's no reason we shouldn't be catching diseases like breast cancer and essay strengths and weaknesses colon cancer before they get worse.
That makes sense, it saves money, and it saves lives. That's what Americans who have health insurance can expect from this plan – more security and stability. Now, if you're one of the of knowledge, tens of millions of Americans who don't currently have health insurance, the second part of this plan will finally offer you quality, affordable choices. Strengths And Weaknesses. If you lose your job or change your job, you will be able to get coverage. If you strike out on french editor, your own and start a small business, you will be able to get coverage. We will do this by creating a new insurance exchange – a marketplace where individuals and small businesses will be able to shop for health insurance at competitive prices. Essay Strengths And Weaknesses. Insurance companies will have an incentive to participate in math essays, this exchange because it lets them compete for millions of new customers. As one big group, these customers will have greater leverage to bargain with the insurance companies for better prices and strengths and weaknesses writing quality coverage. This is how large companies and government employees get affordable insurance. It's how everyone in this Congress gets affordable insurance.
And it's time to give every American the same opportunity that we've given ourselves. For those individuals and small businesses who still cannot afford the lower-priced insurance available in the exchange, we will provide tax credits, the size of and fall, which will be based on your need. And all insurance companies that want access to this new marketplace will have to and weaknesses writing abide by the consumer protections I already mentioned. Theory Of Knowledge. This exchange will take effect in four years, which will give us time to do it right. And Weaknesses Writing. In the meantime, for those Americans who can't get insurance today because they have pre-existing medical conditions, we will immediately offer low-cost coverage that will protect you against financial ruin if you become seriously ill.
This was a good idea when Senator John McCain proposed it in the campaign, it's a good idea now, and we should embrace it. Now, even if we provide these affordable options, there may be those – particularly the young and healthy – who still want to take the risk and go without coverage. There may still be companies that refuse to do right by their workers. The problem is, such irresponsible behavior costs all the rest of us money. If there are affordable options and people still don't sign up for health insurance, it means we pay for those people's expensive emergency room visits.
If some businesses don't provide workers health care, it forces the rest of us to pick up the tab when their workers get sick, and gives those businesses an unfair advantage over their competitors. And unless everybody does their part, many of the insurance reforms we seek – especially requiring insurance companies to cover pre-existing conditions – just can't be achieved. That's why under my plan, individuals will be required to carry basic health insurance – just as most states require you to carry auto insurance. Likewise, businesses will be required to either offer their workers health care, or chip in to help cover the cost of their workers. There will be a hardship waiver for those individuals who still cannot afford coverage, and essay ib tok 95% of essay, all small businesses, because of essay ib tok, their size and narrow profit margin, would be exempt from these requirements. Essay And Weaknesses Writing. But we cannot have large businesses and individuals who can afford coverage game the system by avoiding responsibility to themselves or their employees. Improving our health care system only works if everybody does their part. While there remain some significant details to be ironed out, I believe a broad consensus exists for essays and fall the aspects of the plan I just outlined: consumer protections for those with insurance, an strengths and weaknesses, exchange that allows individuals and french essay editor small businesses to purchase affordable coverage, and a requirement that people who can afford insurance get insurance. And I have no doubt that these reforms would greatly benefit Americans from all walks of life, as well as the economy as a whole. Still, given all the misinformation that's been spread over essay strengths, the past few months, I realize that many Americans have grown nervous about reform. So tonight I'd like to address some of the key controversies that are still out there.
Some of people's concerns have grown out of bogus claims spread by those whose only agenda is to math essays kill reform at any cost. The best example is the strengths and weaknesses, claim, made not just by radio and importance research paper cable talk show hosts, but prominent politicians, that we plan to set up panels of bureaucrats with the power to kill off senior citizens. Such a charge would be laughable if it weren't so cynical and irresponsible. It is a lie, plain and simple. There are also those who claim that our reform effort will insure illegal immigrants. This, too, is false – the reforms I'm proposing would not apply to those who are here illegally. And Weaknesses Writing. And one more misunderstanding I want to clear up – under our plan, no federal dollars will be used to editor fund abortions, and federal conscience laws will remain in place. My health care proposal has also been attacked by some who oppose reform as a government takeover of the entire health care system.
As proof, critics point to a provision in our plan that allows the uninsured and essay writing small businesses to choose a publicly-sponsored insurance option, administered by the government just like Medicaid or Medicare. So let me set the record straight. My guiding principle is, and french essay always has been, that consumers do better when there is choice and strengths writing competition. Unfortunately, in 34 states, 75% of the insurance market is essay ib tok controlled by five or fewer companies. In Alabama, almost 90% is essay controlled by just one company. French Essay Editor. Without competition, the essay strengths and weaknesses, price of insurance goes up and from books in essay the quality goes down. And it makes it easier for insurance companies to treat their customers badly – by cherry-picking the healthiest individuals and essay writing trying to drop the sickest; by overcharging small businesses who have no leverage; and by jacking up rates. Insurance executives don't do this because they are bad people. They do it because it's profitable.
As one former insurance executive testified before Congress, insurance companies are not only encouraged to find reasons to drop the seriously ill; they are rewarded for french it. All of this is in service of meeting what this former executive called Wall Street's relentless profit expectations. An error has occurred. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to this email. Now, I have no interest in putting insurance companies out of strengths and weaknesses, business. They provide a legitimate service, and employ a lot of our friends and math essays neighbors.
I just want to essay hold them accountable. The insurance reforms that I've already mentioned would do just that. But an and fall, additional step we can take to keep insurance companies honest is by making a not-for-profit public option available in essay strengths and weaknesses writing, the insurance exchange. Let me be clear – it would only quote from books in essay, be an option for essay strengths writing those who don't have insurance. No one would be forced to math essays choose it, and it would not impact those of you who already have insurance. Essay And Weaknesses. In fact, based on criteria, Congressional Budget Office estimates, we believe that less than 5% of Americans would sign up. Despite all this, the essay strengths and weaknesses, insurance companies and their allies don't like this idea. They argue that these private companies can't fairly compete with the government. And they'd be right if taxpayers were subsidizing this public insurance option.
But they won't be. I have insisted that like any private insurance company, the editor, public insurance option would have to be self-sufficient and rely on the premiums it collects. But by avoiding some of the essay strengths and weaknesses writing, overhead that gets eaten up at private companies by profits, excessive administrative costs and executive salaries, it could provide a good deal for consumers. It would also keep pressure on private insurers to keep their policies affordable and treat their customers better, the same way public colleges and universities provide additional choice and competition to students without in any way inhibiting a vibrant system of essays spring, private colleges and universities. It's worth noting that a strong majority of Americans still favor a public insurance option of the sort I've proposed tonight. But its impact shouldn't be exaggerated – by strengths and weaknesses writing, the left, the right, or the media. It is only one part of my plan, and should not be used as a handy excuse for math essays the usual Washington ideological battles.
To my progressive friends, I would remind you that for decades, the driving idea behind reform has been to end insurance company abuses and make coverage affordable for those without it. The public option is only a means to that end – and we should remain open to other ideas that accomplish our ultimate goal. And Weaknesses. And to importance of a my Republican friends, I say that rather than making wild claims about a government takeover of health care, we should work together to address any legitimate concerns you may have. For example, some have suggested that that the public option go into effect only in those markets where insurance companies are not providing affordable policies. And Weaknesses. Others propose a co-op or another non-profit entity to administer the plan. These are all constructive ideas worth exploring. But I will not back down on the basic principle that if Americans can't find affordable coverage, we will provide you with a choice. And I will make sure that no government bureaucrat or insurance company bureaucrat gets between you and the care that you need. Finally, let me discuss an french essay, issue that is a great concern to strengths and weaknesses writing me, to theory essay criteria members of this chamber, and to strengths writing the public – and that is importance research paper how we pay for this plan. Here's what you need to know. And Weaknesses Writing. First, I will not sign a plan that adds one dime to our deficits – either now or in the future.
Period. And to criteria prove that I'm serious, there will be a provision in this plan that requires us to come forward with more spending cuts if the strengths, savings we promised don't materialize. Part of the reason I faced a trillion dollar deficit when I walked in from in essay, the door of the essay, White House is of a research because too many initiatives over the last decade were not paid for – from the Iraq War to tax breaks for the wealthy. I will not make that same mistake with health care. Second, we've estimated that most of this plan can be paid for by finding savings within the existing health care system – a system that is currently full of strengths, waste and abuse. Right now, too much of the hard-earned savings and tax dollars we spend on health care doesn't make us healthier. That's not my judgment – it's the judgment of medical professionals across this country. And this is french editor also true when it comes to Medicare and Medicaid. In fact, I want to speak directly to America's seniors for a moment, because Medicare is another issue that's been subjected to demagoguery and distortion during the course of this debate. More than four decades ago, this nation stood up for the principle that after a lifetime of writing, hard work, our seniors should not be left to books struggle with a pile of medical bills in their later years.
That is how Medicare was born. And it remains a sacred trust that must be passed down from one generation to the next. That is why not a dollar of the Medicare trust fund will be used to pay for this plan. The only thing this plan would eliminate is the hundreds of essay strengths writing, billions of dollars in waste and fraud, as well as unwarranted subsidies in Medicare that go to insurance companies – subsidies that do everything to pad their profits and nothing to improve your care. Essays Spring And Fall. And we will also create an independent commission of doctors and essay strengths writing medical experts charged with identifying more waste in the years ahead. These steps will ensure that you – America's seniors – get the essay ib tok, benefits you've been promised. They will ensure that Medicare is there for future generations. Essay. And we can use some of the savings to fill the paper, gap in coverage that forces too many seniors to pay thousands of dollars a year out of their own pocket for writing prescription drugs. That's what this plan will do for you. So don't pay attention to those scary stories about how your benefits will be cut – especially since some of the same folks who are spreading these tall tales have fought against Medicare in the past, and just this year supported a budget that would have essentially turned Medicare into a privatized voucher program.
That will never happen on my watch. I will protect Medicare. Now, because Medicare is such a big part of the health care system, making the theory of knowledge essay, program more efficient can help usher in changes in the way we deliver health care that can reduce costs for essay strengths and weaknesses writing everybody. We have long known that some places, like the Intermountain Healthcare in Utah or the Geisinger Health System in french essay editor, rural Pennsylvania, offer high-quality care at costs below average. The commission can help encourage the adoption of these common-sense best practices by doctors and medical professionals throughout the system – everything from reducing hospital infection rates to encouraging better coordination between teams of doctors. Reducing the waste and inefficiency in Medicare and Medicaid will pay for most of this plan. Much of the rest would be paid for with revenues from the very same drug and and weaknesses insurance companies that stand to benefit from essays and fall, tens of millions of new customers. This reform will charge insurance companies a fee for essay strengths and weaknesses writing their most expensive policies, which will encourage them to provide greater value for the money – an essay ib tok, idea which has the essay strengths, support of Democratic and Republican experts. And according to these same experts, this modest change could help hold down the essay ib tok, cost of health care for all of us in and weaknesses writing, the long-run.
Finally, many in this chamber – particularly on essays and fall, the Republican side of the aisle – have long insisted that reforming our medical malpractice laws can help bring down the cost of health care. I don't believe malpractice reform is a silver bullet, but I have talked to enough doctors to know that defensive medicine may be contributing to unnecessary costs. So I am proposing that we move forward on a range of ideas about how to put patient safety first and let doctors focus on practicing medicine. I know that the Bush Administration considered authorizing demonstration projects in individual states to test these issues. It's a good idea, and strengths and weaknesses writing I am directing my Secretary of Health and Human Services to move forward on this initiative today. Add it all up, and the plan I'm proposing will cost around $900 billion over of a, ten years – less than we have spent on essay strengths, the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and less than the tax cuts for the wealthiest few Americans that Congress passed at the beginning of the previous administration. Most of these costs will be paid for with money already being spent – but spent badly – in the existing health care system. The plan will not add to our deficit. The middle-class will realize greater security, not higher taxes.
And if we are able to slow the growth of math essays, health care costs by just one-tenth of one percent each year, it will actually reduce the deficit by strengths, $4 trillion over the long term. This is the plan I'm proposing. It's a plan that incorporates ideas from many of the people in spring and fall, this room tonight – Democrats and strengths and weaknesses writing Republicans. And I will continue to seek common ground in the weeks ahead. If you come to me with a serious set of proposals, I will be there to listen. Quote Books. My door is always open. But know this: I will not waste time with those who have made the essay and weaknesses writing, calculation that it's better politics to kill this plan than improve it. I will not stand by while the special interests use the same old tactics to keep things exactly the way they are.
If you misrepresent what's in the plan, we will call you out. Math Essays. And I will not accept the status quo as a solution. Not this time. Not now. Everyone in this room knows what will happen if we do nothing. Our deficit will grow. More families will go bankrupt. And Weaknesses. More businesses will close.
More Americans will lose their coverage when they are sick and need it most. And more will die as a result. We know these things to be true. That is why we cannot fail. Because there are too many Americans counting on spring, us to succeed – the ones who suffer silently, and essay and weaknesses the ones who shared their stories with us at town hall meetings, in books in essay, emails, and in letters. I received one of essay strengths, those letters a few days ago. It was from our beloved friend and colleague, Ted Kennedy. And Fall. He had written it back in May, shortly after he was told that his illness was terminal. Strengths Writing. He asked that it be delivered upon and fall, his death. In it, he spoke about strengths and weaknesses writing, what a happy time his last months were, thanks to the love and support of essays, family and friends, his wife, Vicki, and strengths and weaknesses his children, who are here tonight . And he expressed confidence that this would be the year that health care reform – that great unfinished business of our society, he called it – would finally pass.
He repeated the truth that health care is decisive for our future prosperity, but he also reminded me that it concerns more than material things. What we face, he wrote, is theory essay criteria above all a moral issue; at strengths stake are not just the essays and fall, details of policy, but fundamental principles of social justice and the character of our country. I've thought about that phrase quite a bit in strengths, recent days – the character of our country. One of the essay ib tok, unique and wonderful things about strengths, America has always been our self-reliance, our rugged individualism, our fierce defense of freedom and our healthy skepticism of government. And figuring out the appropriate size and role of government has always been a source of rigorous and sometimes angry debate. For some of Ted Kennedy's critics, his brand of liberalism represented an affront to American liberty. In their mind, his passion for universal health care was nothing more than a passion for big government. But those of us who knew Teddy and worked with him here – people of both parties – know that what drove him was something more.
His friend, Orrin Hatch, knows that. They worked together to provide children with health insurance. His friend John McCain knows that. They worked together on a Patient's Bill of Rights. His friend Chuck Grassley knows that. They worked together to provide health care to children with disabilities.
On issues like these, Ted Kennedy's passion was born not of some rigid ideology, but of his own experience. From Books. It was the essay strengths, experience of quote from in essay, having two children stricken with cancer. He never forgot the strengths and weaknesses, sheer terror and essay ib tok helplessness that any parent feels when a child is badly sick; and he was able to imagine what it must be like for those without insurance; what it would be like to have to say to a wife or a child or an aging parent – there is something that could make you better, but I just can't afford it. That large-heartedness – that concern and regard for the plight of others – is not a partisan feeling. It is not a Republican or a Democratic feeling. And Weaknesses Writing. It, too, is part of the American character. From Books In Essay. Our ability to stand in strengths and weaknesses writing, other people's shoes. A recognition that we are all in this together; that when fortune turns against books in essay one of us, others are there to lend a helping hand. A belief that in this country, hard work and responsibility should be rewarded by and weaknesses writing, some measure of security and fair play; and an acknowledgement that sometimes government has to editor step in to help deliver on that promise.
This has always been the essay strengths and weaknesses writing, history of our progress. In 1933, when over half of our seniors could not support themselves and quote from books millions had seen their savings wiped away, there were those who argued that Social Security would lead to socialism. Essay Strengths. But the men and women of Congress stood fast, and we are all the better for it. In 1965, when some argued that Medicare represented a government takeover of health care, members of Congress, Democrats and Republicans, did not back down. They joined together so that all of us could enter our golden years with some basic peace of mind. You see, our predecessors understood that government could not, and should not, solve every problem.
They understood that there are instances when the gains in security from quote from books in essay, government action are not worth the added constraints on our freedom. But they also understood that the danger of essay and weaknesses, too much government is matched by the perils of too little; that without the leavening hand of spring and fall, wise policy, markets can crash, monopolies can stifle competition, and essay and weaknesses writing the vulnerable can be exploited. And they knew that when any government measure, no matter how carefully crafted or beneficial, is french subject to scorn; when any efforts to help people in need are attacked as un-American; when facts and strengths and weaknesses writing reason are thrown overboard and only timidity passes for wisdom, and we can no longer even engage in a civil conversation with each other over importance of a research paper, the things that truly matter – that at that point we don't merely lose our capacity to solve big challenges. We lose something essential about ourselves. What was true then remains true today. I understand how difficult this health care debate has been. I know that many in this country are deeply skeptical that government is looking out for them. Essay Strengths Writing. I understand that the politically safe move would be to kick the can further down the road – to defer reform one more year, or one more election, or one more term. But that's not what the moment calls for. Importance Of A Paper. That's not what we came here to do. Essay Strengths And Weaknesses. We did not come to fear the future.
We came here to shape it. I still believe we can act even when it's hard. I still believe we can replace acrimony with civility, and paper gridlock with progress. I still believe we can do great things, and that here and now we will meet history's test. Because that is who we are. Writing. That is our calling. That is our character. Thank you, God Bless You, and may God Bless the United States of America.
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Administrative Assistant Resume Sample. Here is a sample resume we recently produced for an Administrative Assistant in Singapore. Proactive Administrative Assistant with more than 8 years of progressively responsible experience supporting multiple C-level professionals Well-versed in providing administrative and secretarial support to senior executives and and weaknesses writing stakeholders. Strong organizational skills and an ability to manage multiple competing priorities and projects with attention to theory of knowledge essay, detail Performs well with a variety of disciplines while remaining effective in and weaknesses, a high-volume start-up environments with demanding workloads Maintain excellent written and oral communication skills, problem resolution abilities, and importance of a a high level of confidentiality. Hardworking, fast learner, and essay and weaknesses writing team player able to work under pressure and tight deadlines. [This section gives a good helicopter view of the candidate.
Quantifying the math essays, current role where possible also helps to give scale to the current responsibilities.] [Ensure the keywords here mirror those used in the job ad. The first round of vetting is often done by a software scanner. This section helps to pad the CV with key administrative-related phrases necessary to essay, get past those scanners.] XXX PTE LTD, SINGAPORE. Provide executive-level administrative support to the Vice President with demonstrated ability to math essays, improvise procedures and meet demanding deadlines [The opening line captures all the reader needs to essay writing, know about the role. Mention which senior executive you provide assistance to in order to give hiring managers an idea how big your responsibilities are.] Plan and coordinate corporate luncheons and develop presentations for related on- and essays off-site meetings; organize details of special events, travel arrangements, corporate agendas and itineraries Handle administrative matters including screening calls, managing calendars, planning meetings, making travel arrangements, composing documents and organizing offices for efficiency [This line shows the detailed responsibilities of the candidate.] Process monthly expense reports reflecting supporting documents and essay budget code indexes Interact professionally with all levels of staff and books in essay maintain the highest level of confidentiality; known for tact and diplomacy in handling sensitive issues [This line not only demonstrates the candidate#8217;s excellent communication skills, but also her ability to keep company matters confidential.] Collaborated with other departments in company to centralize customer database, hence reducing information retrieval time by strengths writing, 27% [Cite quantifiable metrics to support your achievements.
Do, however, be aware of your company confidentiality clause.] Trained 9 newly hired staff members and provided exceptional support to managers and co-workers which increased overall efficiency by french editor, 30% XXX PTE LTD, SINGAPORE. Coordinated and maintained weekly attendance and annual vacation records on all employees; liaised between departments to ensure proper communications and reporting practices [Simple, clear overview of the job you previously done. Notice also how the remaining bullet points are shorter. No need to strengths writing, go into deep detail about previous workscopes.] Managed capital purchases and theory criteria direct vendor relations, as well as generated and maintained office supply inventories Developed new filing and organizational practices, saving the company $3,000 per year in contracted labour expenses [Include career achievements to make your CV memorable. It may be hard for admin assistants to essay strengths, have concrete achievements compared to french, sales and marketing roles, but include metrics to substantiate your contributions where possible.] EDUCATION PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS. Diploma in Business Administration, Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore | 1995.
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Talk about your responsibilities that can showcase your communication and essay organizational abilities, quantifying your achievements where possible. Include any changes you have introduced into daily administrative procedures (e.g. developing new filing practices which in and fall, turn helped reduce company expenses) Administrative Assistant Job Opportunities. Scour websites like JobsDB or Jobstreet for administrative jobs and opportunities. You may also want to check out our complete list of job sites in Singapore to help you get started. Alternatively, you can reach out to these headhunters in strengths, Singapore to learn about any vacancies they may be trying to fill out. Job Hunting Tips from our Resident Headhunter. Create a winning cover letter and send it along your resume. The cover letter will serve as an introduction about yourself and is a great venue to answer the question “Why should we hire you?” Be active on social media, particularly on LinkedIn. French Essay Editor? Make sure to create a strong online profile that represents you and you professional experiences. Here’s our comprehensive guides on finding jobs through social media and writing a great LinkedIn profile.
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Essay on essay strengths Marriage: Meaning, Functions and paper, Forms. Here is your essay on marriage, it’s meaning, functions and forms! Marriage and family sociologically signifies the stage of greater social advancement. It is indicative of man’s entry into essay, the world of emotion and feeling, harmony and culture. Long before the institution of marriage developed, man and woman may have lived together, procreated children and died unwept and unsung. Their sexual relations must have been like birds and animals of momentary duration. Image Courtesy : 2.bp.blogspot.com/–Zyo4IJENYk/TtuIdHcjm-I/AAAAAAAACwQ/Rg89UBiMU0A/s1600/lklk.jpg. Marriage as an institution developed over essay ib tok the time. It may have been accepted as a measure of social discipline and as an expedient to eliminate social stress due to the sex rivalry.
The growing sense and sensibility may have necessitated the acceptance of essay writing norms for formalising the union between man and woman. Marriage is the most important institution of human society. It is a universal phenomenon. It has been the backbone of human civilisation. Human beings have certain urges like hungers, thirst and sex. Society works out essays certain rules and regulation for satisfaction of writing these urges.
The rules and of a paper, regulations, which deal with regulation of sex life of human beings, are dealt in the marriage institution. We can say that the Marriage is as old as the institution of family. Both these institutions are vital for the society. Family depends upon the Marriage. Marriage regulates sex life of human beings. Marriage creates new social relationships and reciprocal rights between the spouses.
It establishes the rights and essay writing, the status of the math essays children when they are born. Essay And Weaknesses? Each society recognises certain procedures for creating such relationship and rights. The society prescribes rules for prohibitions, preferences and prescriptions in deciding marriage. It is this institution through which a man sustains the continuity of his race and attains satisfaction in a socially recognised manner. Sociologists and anthropologists have given definitions of marriage. Some of the important definitions are given below. Edward Westermark. “Marriage is a relation of one or more men to essays and fall, one or more women which is recognised by custom or law and involves certain rights and duties both in the case of the parties entering the union and in the case of the children born of it. As B. Malinowski defines, “Marriage is a contract for the production and maintenance of children”. According H.M.
Johnson, “Marriage is a stable relationship in which a man and a woman are socially permitted without loss of and weaknesses writing standing in essay ib tok community, to have children”. Ira L. Reiss writes, “Marriage is a socially accepted union of individuals in husband and wife roles, with the key function of legitimating of parenthood”. William Stephens, the anthropologist, says that marriage is: (1) A socially legitimate sexual union begun with. (2) A public announcement, undertaken with. (3) Some idea of performance and assumed with a more or less explicit. (4) Marriage contract, which spells out reciprocal obligations between spouses and between spouses and their children. William J. Goode, the writing famous family sociologist has tried to combine the two objectives of editor marriage i.e. to regulate sex life and to essay and weaknesses writing, recognize the newborn. It was perhaps for essay, this reason that American sociologists came out with the statement that no child should be born without a father. Although different thinkers have tried to provide definition of marriage, but there is no universally acceptable definition of marriage.
There seems to be, however, a consensus that marriage involves several criteria that are found to essay strengths and weaknesses writing, exist cross-culturally and throughout time. For example, Hindu marriage has three main objectives such as Dharma, Progeny and Sexual Pleasure. Individual happiness has been given the least importance. It is considered to essays, be sacrament, a spiritual union between a man and essay strengths and weaknesses writing, a woman in the social status of husband and wife. In Western countries, marriage is math essays a contract. Personal happiness is writing given the utmost importance. People enter into matrimonial alliances for the sake of seeking personal happiness.
If this happiness is-not forthcoming they will terminate the relationship. Marriage is thus cultural specific. The rules and essays, regulations differ from one culture to another. We can, however, identify certain basic features of this institution. (1) A heterosexual union, including at least one male and one female. (2) The legitimizing or granting of approval to the sexual relationship and the bearing of children without any loss of standing in the community or society. (3) A public affair rather than a private, personal matter. (4) A highly institutionalized and patterned mating arrangement. (5) Rules which determine who can marry whom. (6) New statuses to man and woman in the shape of husband and wife and father and mother.
(7) Development of personal intimate and affectionate relationships between the spouses and parent and children. (8) A binding relationship that assumes some performance. The above discussion helps us to conclude that the boundaries of marriage are not always precise and clearly defined. And Weaknesses Writing? It is, however, very important institution for the society as it helps in replacement of old and dying population. Marriage is an essays institutionalized relationship within the family system. It fulfills many functions attributed to the family in general. Family functions include basic personality formation, status ascriptions, socialization, tension management, and replacement of members, economic cooperation, reproduction, stabilization of adults, and the like. Many of essay writing these functions, while not requiring marriage for their fulfillment, are enhanced by the marital system”. From In Essay? In fact, evidence suggests marriage to be of great significance for the well-being of the individual. Researchers have shown that compared to the unmarried, married persons are generally happier, healthier, less depressed and disturbed and less prone to premature deaths. Marriage, rather than becoming less important or unimportant, may be increasingly indispensable.
The functions of marriage differ as the structure of marriage differs. Strengths? ‘For example, where marriage is specially an extension of the essay ib tok kin and extended family system, then procreation, passing on the family name and essay and weaknesses writing, continuation of property become a basic function. Thus, to not have a child or more specifically, to not have a male child, is of knowledge sufficient reason to replace the present wife or add a new wife. Where marriage is based on “free choice,” i.e. parents and kinsmen play no role in strengths and weaknesses selecting the partner, individualistic forces are accorded greater significance. Thus in the United States, marriage has many functions and involves many positive as well as negative personal factors : establishment of a family of one’s own, children, companionship, happiness, love, economic security, elimination of loneliness etc. The greater the extent to which the perceived needs of research marriage are met, and the fewer the strengths and weaknesses alternatives in the replacement of the importance of a research paper unmet needs, the greater the likelihood of marriage and strengths, the continuation of that marriage. At a personal level, any perceived reason may explain marriage, but at a social level, all societies sanction certain reasons and paper, renounce others. Societies evolved mannerism and method for selection of the spouses, according to their peculiar socio-economic and and weaknesses, political conditions, and in quote books accordance with their levels of cultural advancement. This explains on the one hand the origin of the various forms, of marriage and on writing the other the differences in the attitude of societies towards the institution of marriage.
Some have accepted it as purely a contractual arrangement between weds, while others hold it as the sacred union between man, and woman. Forms of marriage vary from society to society. Marriage can be broadly divided into two types, (1) monogamy and (2) polygamy. Monogamy is that form of marriage in which at a given period of time one man has marital relations with one woman. On the death of the spouse or one of the partners seek divorce then they can establish such relationship with other persons but at a given period of time, one cannot have two or more wives or two or more husbands.
This one to one relationship is the most modern civilized way of living. In most of the essay ib tok societies it is this form, which is found and recognized. It should be noted that on a societal basis, only about 20 per cent of the societies are designated as strictly monogamous, that is, monogamy is the required form. When monogamy does not achieve stability, certain married persons end their relationship and remarry. Essay? Thus, the second spouse, although not existing simultaneously with the first, is sometimes referred to of knowledge criteria, as fitting into a pattern of sequential monogamy, serial monogamy or remarriage. Keeping in view the advantages of monogamy the world has granted recognition to monogamous form of marriage. The following are its advantages: 1. Better Adjustment: In this form of marriage men and women have to adjust with one partner only. In this way there is better adjustment between them. 2. Greater Intimacy:
If the number of strengths writing people in the family will be limited there will be more love and affection in the family. Because of which they will have friendly and deep relations. 3. Better Socialization of Children: In the monogamy the children are looked after with earnest attention of parents. The development of modes of importance of a paper children will be done nicely.
There will be no jealously between the parents for looking after their children. Family happiness is maintained under monogamy which is completely destroyed in other forms of essay marriage because of jealousy and other reasons. Thus, in this form of marriage, family is defined as happy family. 5. Equal Status to Woman: In this form of marriage the status of woman in family is books in essay equal. If husband works she looks after the house or both of them work for strengthening the economic condition of the writing family. 6. Equalitarian way of Living: It is in essay only under monogamous way of living that husband and wife can have equalitarian way of life.
Under this system husband and wife not only share the familial role and obligations but also have joint decisions. The decision making process becomes a joint venture. 7. Population Control: Some sociologists have the view that monogamy controls the population. Because of strengths and weaknesses one wife children in the family will be limited.
8. Better Standard of Living: It also affects the standard of living within limited resources. French Editor? One can manage easily to live a better life. Essay And Weaknesses? It helps in french the development of strengths writing independent personality without much constraint and pressure. 9. Respect to old Parents: Old parents receive favouring care by their children but under polygamy their days are full of bitterness.
10. Law is in favour: Monogamy is legally sanctioned form of marriage while some are legally prohibited. 11. More Cooperation: In such a family there is close union between the couple and math essays, the chances of conflict are reduced and there is cooperation between husband and wife. It is writing more stable form of essay ib tok marriage. Strengths Writing? There is better division of math essays property after the death of parents.
Monogamy is a marriage between one husband and one wife. So if the partner is not of choice then life loses its charm. They have to adjust between themselves but now-a-days divorce is the answer to and weaknesses writing, their problem. According to Sumner and Keller, “Monogamy is monopoly.” Wherever there is monopoly, there is bound to be both ‘ins and outs’. Some inpatients can’t have kids or some barren cannot have kids. If one of the french essay partners has some problem couples cannot have children. They have to suffer from childlessness.
4. Economic Factors: Marriage in monogamy does not play part of income. They have to depend upon their own occupation for living. If they are poor they will remain poor. So monogamy effects the economic condition of man and essay strengths and weaknesses, woman. 5. Better status to importance, Women: Monogamy provides better status to women in the society. They are counted equal to men. Some people do not like this form of marriage. When they do not get partner of their own choice they start sexual relations with other people. This also leads to the problem of prostitution.
Distinguished from monogamy is polygamy. Polygamy refer to the marriage of several or many. Polygamy is the form of marriage in which one man marries two or more women or one woman marries two or more men or a number of men many a number of women. According to F.N. Balasara, “The forms of marriage in which there is plurality of partners is called polygamy”. Polygamy, like other forms of marriage is highly regulated and normatively controlled. Essay Strengths? It is math essays likely to be supported by the attitudes and values of both the sexes. Polygamy itself has many forms and variations. Polygamy is strengths writing of three types: (i) Polygyny, (ii) Polyandry and (iii) Group marriage.
Let us now discuss forms of polygamy in details, Polygyny is a form of marriage in which a man has more than one .wife at a time. In other words it is essays a form of marriage in which one man marries more than one woman at a given time. It is the prevalent form of marriage among the tribes, Polygyny also appears to essay strengths, be the essays spring privilege of the wealthy, in many African societies the rich usually have more than one wife. This type of essay marriage is found in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya and Uganda. In India, polygyny persisted from the Vedic times until Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Now polygyny is visible among many tribes of India. Viewing polygyny cross-culturally, poiygynous families evidence specific organisational features: 1. In certain matters, sex particularly, co-wives have clearly defined equal rights.
2. Theory Of Knowledge? Each wife is set up in a separate establishment. 3. The senior wife is strengths and weaknesses writing given special powers and privileges. It has been suggested that if co-wives are sisters, they usually live in the same house; if co-wives are not sister, they usually live in separate houses. It is believed that sibling can better tolerate, suppress and live with a situation of sexual rivalry than can non-siblings. Polygyny may be of two types: (i) Sororal polygyny and (ii) Non-soraral polygyny. Sororal polygyny is one in which all the wives are sisters.
Non-sororal polygyny means the marriage of one man with many women who are not sisters. 1. Disproportion of sexes in the Population: When in quote any tribe or society male members are less in number and females are more, then this type of strengths and weaknesses writing marriage takes place. 2. Out-migration of male Population: To earn the livelihood male members migrate from one society to another. This way there is a decrease in the number of males than females and polygyny takes place. Hypergamy also gives rise to math essays, polygyny. Under this system the parents of lower castes or classes want to improve their social status by marrying their daughters in the higher caste or classes. 4. Desire for male Child: Among the primitive people importance was given to make children than females. Thus man was free to have as many marriages as he liked on and weaknesses the ground to get male children.
In some societies number of wives represented greater authority and status. Particularly the leaders of primitive society increased number of wives in essay ib tok order to prove their superiority. Essay Writing? A single marriage was considered a sign of poverty. So where marriage is taken as sign of prestige and prosperity the custom of polygyny is natural. 6. Economic Reason: Where the french editor people of the poor families were unable to find suitable husbands for their daughters they started marrying their daughters to rich married males. 7. Variety of Sex Relation: The desire for variety of sex relations is strengths and weaknesses writing another cause of quote from books polygyny.
The sexual instincts become dull by more familiarity. It is stimulated by novelty. 8. Enforced Celibacy: In uncivilized tribes men did not approach the women during the period of pregnancy and while she was feeding the child. Thus long period of enforced celibacy gave birth to second marriage. In uncivilized society more children were needed for agriculture, war and status recognition. Moreover, in some tribes the birth rate was low and death rate was high. In such tribes polygyny was followed to obtain more children. 10.
Absence of children: According to Manu, if wife is unable to essay and weaknesses, have children, man is permitted to french, have more marriages. He further says if a wife takes her husband then he should live with her one year and essay and weaknesses writing, take another wife. 11. Religious Reasons: Polygyny was permitted in the past if wife was incapable of forming religious duties in her periodic sickness because religion was given significant place in social life. 12. Patriarchal Society: Polygyny is found only in the patriarchal society where more importance is given to males and male member is the head of the quote family.
(1) Better status of essay strengths children: In polygyny children enjoy better status. They are looked after well because there are many women in the family to care. (2) Rapid growth of Population: In those societies where population is math essays very less and birth rate is almost zero, for those societies polygyny is best suited, as it increases the essay population at faster rate. (3) Importance of Males: In polygyny males occupy higher status. More importance is quote from books given to husband by several wives. (4) Division of and weaknesses Work:
In polygyny there are several wives. Therefore, there is a proper division of work at editor, home. (5) Variety of essay and weaknesses writing Sex Relations: Instead of going for extra marital relations husband stays at home because his desire for variety of sex relations is fulfilled within polygyny. (6) Continuity of Family: Polygyny came into existence mainly because of inability of a wife to produce children. Polygyny provides continuity to the family tree. Math Essays? In absence of one wife other women in the family produce children. 1. Essay Strengths And Weaknesses? Lower status of quote books in essay Women: In this form of marriage women have very low status; they are regarded as an object of pleasure for their husbands.
They generally do not have a right to take decisions about their welfare; they have to depend upon essay and weaknesses writing their husband for fulfillment of their basic needs. 2. Jealousy as stated by Shakespeare: “Woman thy name is jealousy”. When several wives have to share one husband, there is bound to be jealousy among co-wives. Jealousy leads to inefficiency in their work. They are not able to socialize their children in a proper manner in such atmosphere. 3. Low Economic Status: Polygyny increases economic burden on the family because in many cases only husband is the bread winner and whole of the family is dependent on him. 4. Population Growth: This type of marriage is importance harmful for developing society and writing, poor nations because they have limited resources Further increase in population deteriorates progress and development of that society. 5. Fragmentation of Property:
In polygyny all the children born from different wives have share in father’s property. Jealousy among mothers leads to property conflicts among children as a result property is divided and income per capita decreases. 6. Uncongenial Atmosphere: Polygyny does not promise congenial atmosphere for the proper growth and development of children. There is lack of affection among the members. As such families have large number of members. They fail to provide proper attention to all of them. This gives rise to many immoral practices in the society. It is math essays a form of marriage in which one woman has more than one husband at a given time. According to K.M.
Kapadia, Polyandry is a form of union in which a woman has more than one husband at a time or in which brothers share a wife or wives in common. Essay And Weaknesses? This type marriage is prevalent in importance of a paper few places such as tribes of Malaya and some tribes of India like Toda, Khasi and Kota etc. Polyandry is of two types: (i) Fraternal Polyandry and. (ii) Non-Fratemai Polyandry. (i) Fraternal Polyandry: In this form of strengths polyandry one wife is regarded as the wife of all brothers. All the brothers in a family share the same woman as their wife. The children are treated as the offspring of the eldest brother, it is essay ib tok found in some Indian tribes like Toda and Khasis. This type of marriage was popular in Ceylon (Srilanka at present). (ii) Non-Fraternal Polyandry: In this type of polyandry one woman has more than one husband who is not brothers.
They belong to and weaknesses writing, different families. Essay Editor? The wife cohabits with husbands in turn. In case of Fraternal Polyandry, the wife lives in essay and weaknesses writing the family of her husbands, while in case of non-fraternal polyandry, the wife continues to essays spring, stay in essay writing the family of her mother. This type of polyandry is found among Nayars of spring and fall Kerala. 1. Lesser number of Women: According to Westermark, when the number of women is lesser than the number of males in a society, polyandry is found. For example, among Todas of Nilgiri. But according to Brifficult, polyandry can exist even when the number of women is not lesser e.g. in Tibet, Sikkim and Laddakh polyandry is strengths found even though there is not much disparity in the number of men and women. In some tribal societies female infanticide is present; as a result these female population is less than male population. Further males do not enjoy good status. Therefore, one female is married to a group of brothers and polyandry exists.
3. Matrilineal System: Just in math essays contrast to above noted point, it has also been argued that polyandry exists in matrilineal system where one woman can have relationship with more than one man and essay strengths and weaknesses writing, the children instead of getting the name of essay father are known by mother’s name. Polyandry exists in such areas where there is scarcity of essay and weaknesses writing natural resources. It is for this reason many men support one woman and her children. In societies where there is bridge price, polyandry exists. Brothers pay for one bride who becomes wife of all of them.
6. Division of Property: To check the division of ancestral property polyandry is favoured. When all the french editor brothers have one wife then the question of division of property does not arise. 7. Production and labour: Polyandry not only avoids division of strengths writing property but it also increases production in agriculture. All the brothers work together because they have to support only one family. Spring And Fall? Thus production and income increases, further there is essay writing no expenditure with regard to labour because all the husbands contribute their share of work. Polyandry exists in some societies mainly because of customs and traditions of that particular society. Generally, polyandry is found in such areas which are situated far away from modern developed areas. (1) Checks Population Growth: It checks population growth because all the male members of the family share one wife.
As a result population does not increase at that rapid rate, the way in which it occurs in polygyny Therefore, it limits the size of the essay ib tok family. (2) Economic Standard: Polyandry helps to unhold the economic standard of the family. Essay And Weaknesses Writing? It strengthens the economic position of the and fall family because all the essay strengths and weaknesses members work for the improvement of the family. (3) Greater Security:
With large number of males working after the family affairs, other members of the family especially women and children feel quite secure. Greater security among the members develop sense of we-feeling among the members of the family. (4) Property is kept Intact: In polyandry family does not get divided. Essays? The property of the family is held jointly and thus it is kept intact. (5) Status of Women: In polyandry one woman is wife of large number of husbands. As a result she gets attention of all the members and thus enjoys a good status in strengths and weaknesses writing the family. She feels quite secure because in the absence of one husband other males are there to fulfill her basic needs. When all the men have to share one woman, family quarrels and tensions are ought to be there.
Husbands feel jealous of one another which adversely effect congenial atmosphere of the family. When children have large number of fathers they fail to select appropriate model for themselves. This adversely effects their personality configuration. (3) Health of the Woman: It adversely effects health of a woman because she has to satisfy several husbands. It not only has negative effect on the physical health but also on research paper mental health of the woman. According to biologists if the same woman cohabits with several men, it may lead to sterility, further lack of sex gratification give rise to extra-marital relationship of husbands. In matrilineal system where polyandry is found husbands do not enjoy high status.
They do not give their name to the children. (6) Lack of essay and weaknesses Attachment: In many tribes where polyandry exists husbands do not live permanently with their families. They are visiting husband who visit the family for a specific period. They do not get love and affection of spring their children because children feel unattached to their fathers. (7) Less Population: This form of essay and weaknesses writing marriage decreases population growth. In some tribal societies where polyandry continues to exist may get extinct after a gap of few years. This is another outcome of this practice. Group marriage is that type of marriage in of a research which a group of men marry a group of women. And Weaknesses Writing? Each man of male group is considered to be the husband of every woman of female group.
Similarly, every woman is the wife of every man of male group. Pair bonded or Multilateral marriage are the substitute term for group marriages. This form of marriage is found among some tribes of New Guinea and Africa. In India group marriage is practised by the Toda Tribe of Nilgiri Hills. Except on an experimental basis it is an extremely rare occurrence and may never have existed as a viable form of marriage for any society in in essay the world. The Oneida community of New York State has been frequently cited as an example of group marriage experiment. It involved economic and sexual sharing based on spiritual and religious principles. Like most group marriage on record, its time span was limited. Rarely do they endure beyond one or two generations.
Levirate and Sororate: In levirate the wife marries the brother of the dead husband. Strengths Writing? If a man dies, his wife marries the brother of of knowledge essay criteria her dead husband. Marriage of the widow with the dead husband’s elder brother is called Senior Levirate. But when she marries to the younger brother of the dead husband, it is called Junior Levirate. In Sororate the husband marries the sister of essay strengths writing his wife.
Sororate is again divided into two types namely restricted Sororate and simultaneous Sororate. In restricted sororate, after the death of one’s wife, the man marries the sister of his wife. Theory Essay Criteria? In simultaneous sororate, the sister of one’s wife automatically becomes his wife. Concubinage is a state of living together as husband and wife without being married. It is .cohabitation with one or more women who are distinct from wife or wives. Concubinage is sometimes recognised by various societies as an accepted institution. A concubine has a lower social status than that of a wife. The children of a concubine enjoy a lower status in the society.
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essay old age All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. Many people perceive old age as time for resting, reflecting and an opportunity to perform activities that beyond pursuing during their career period. The condition does not guarantee healthy living and is not always peaceful (Miller, 2009).
Old age is defined as the age of an essay strengths and weaknesses, individual approaching or beyond the essays and fall, average lifespan of humans. The elderly are known differently depending on the situation. And Weaknesses! For example in United States, they are referred to from, as seniors, in British they are known as elderly or senior citizens (Cole Dendukuri, 2003). The general illnesses and health irritations of this condition requires proper management to prolong life and postpone death of the elderly. Proper management of the condition involves considering psychological needs to strengths, avoid old age depression. In addition, mental health is vital in the management of the and fall, condition. In relation to this, the study discusses old age depression in the aging process of the elderly. Aging and essay strengths and weaknesses writing depression. Observably, people face changes such as death of loved ones, retirement, increased segregation or medical problems they approach old age. These challenges cause late-life depression, a condition that if left untreated it can touches more beyond an essay ib tok, individual’s mood (Godfrey Denby, 2004). Essay Writing! Depression has various effects on the elderly, which includes deterioration in essay, physical and mental health, memory and concentration impairment and deter the old from enjoying life.
Depression can be avoided and is not inherent in old age. Researchers claim that it is essay strengths and weaknesses writing, a treatable condition no matter the age of the affected. Psychologically, human brain transforms throughout life hence it is possible to research, make positive changes (Thomas, 2009). Old age depression causes the elderly to lose interest in various activities, to strengths and weaknesses, struggle with feelings of hopelessness and helplessness (Cole Dendukuri, 2003). Old age depression makes the elderly find it difficult to utilize the day effectively in production. Depression’s symptoms influence each aspect of life such as individual’s energy, appetite, interest in work, sleep, relationships and hobbies. Majorities of the elderly do not notice depression symptoms despite being affected by the condition. Essay Editor! As a result, they do not seek psychological or medical attention to manage the essay writing, situation (Wattis Curran, 2006). Various reasons elucidate on why old age depression is normally ignored.
The first reason is essay ib tok, that the elderly convince themselves for having reasons to justify the condition. Majority of the elderly will suffer silently because they think depression is strengths and weaknesses, inherent in old age (Godfrey Denby, 2004). The second reason is that the elderly are exposed to being isolated which triggers psychological process that eventually yield depression. Providing company to french, the seniors is particularly crucial in averting depression. Another reason is essay and weaknesses writing, that the old rarely recognize that some physical illnesses are clear indications of depression. Math Essays! Realistically, the strengths and weaknesses, elderly normally feel unenthusiastic to discuss feelings or ask for assistance, which results to research, depression. The reason being the fear of being rejected or rushing to the conclusion that they are affected by essay writing old age. Depression should not be depicted as an indication for weakness or character blemish (Godfrey Denby, 2004). The condition can affect any individual irrespective of the spring, background or prior achievements in strengths, life. The elderly should know that physical illnesses, losses and effects of aging should not pin them down and subject them to living miserable lives.
Old age depression is treatable through right support, self-help policies and proper management. Editor! This implies that it is possible for the elderly to have a vibrant life. Writing! Major causes of old age depression include health problems, loneliness, reduced sense of purpose and recent bereavement. Health problems such as chronic or sever physical pains, cognitive deteriorations and physical damage to body image because of surgeries or diseases. Loneliness results from the declining social circle experienced by the elderly because of deaths or relocation. The elderly have restricted mobility, which hinders their social ability (Godfrey Denby, 2004). Reduced sense of purpose is caused by loss of identity because of retirement. The fear of death, financial problems and anxiety are other causative factors of essays, depression. Recent bereavement normally arises from recent deaths of family members, friends and spouse partners.
According to Thomas (2009), physical illnesses among the old tend to aggravate the risk of depression. Depression symptoms such as dementia can also occur as a psychological reaction to illnesses. Essentially, having the knowledge regarding medical problems inherent in depression among the elderly is vital in managing the condition. Any chronic illness, no matter the severity, can cause old age depression or worsen depression (Reynolds and Dew, 67). Some of the chronic medical conditions include Parkinson’s disease, stroke, thyroid disorders, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis. Depressed seniors are more likely to engage in alcoholism than those who are not depressed. Depression tempts many elderly to use alcohol as a remedy to physical and emotional pains. Alcohol tends to divert the mind from the problem faced by strengths and weaknesses the elderly and reduces loneliness. Some seniors use alcohol to fight sleep disorders, which are symptoms of depression.
The limitation of essays, alcohol is that it has short-term solution depression-based problems. It can be perceived to be postponing problems, which resurface over time. Alcohol also worsens symptoms of depression, causes irritability and anxiety and damages brain functionality (Cole Dendukuri, 2003). Essay Strengths And Weaknesses! Another effect of alcohol is that it negatively reacts with antidepressants, which are essential in the medication of quote in essay, depression. Symptoms of essay strengths writing, depression vary from individuals with sadness and those without.
The elderly people experiencing sadness show signs such as fatigue, loss of interest, self-isolation, sleep disturbances, low self-esteem and quote in essay suicidal imaginations. The elderly who are free from happiness show symptoms such as hopelessness, apprehension, memory problems, irritability, slow speech and neglect of personal care (Miller, 2009). Preventing old age depression. It is quite a mystery to know that old age makes an individual unable learn a new skill and participate in essay, life-changing activities. However, the brain’s functionality is importance research paper, a continuous process and changes every time (Godfrey Denby, 2004).
This reflects that the elderly have abilities similar to strengths and weaknesses, the young. Prevention and management of depression requires engaging in things that the patient enjoys, learning and acclimatizing to of a research paper, the environmental changes and living a physically and socially active life. Some forms of overcoming the condition include exercising, connecting with people, bringing one’s life into balance and other self-help activities such as getting adequate sleep and essay strengths and weaknesses writing proper dietary habits (Miller, 2009). Exercises as physical activity are potential for boosting the moods that result from depression. From Books In Essay! Some studies acknowledge that it is as effective as antidepressants in overcoming depression. Exercises have one significant advantage compared to medication of depression. It does not expose the elderly to side effects when overcoming depression. Helpful exercising tips might include parking cars away from stores, using the stairs and taking a short walk. Connecting with others is extremely vital in widening the social circle.
The social circle is much responsible for essay strengths and weaknesses writing, providing psychological support, which keeps depression away (Godfrey Denby, 2004). It is extremely difficult to overcome and maintain efforts in french, preventing depression individually. Social support is beneficial since it reduces chances of giving up with treatment and reduces time spent alone. To speed up the process of managing depression, the elderly should invite relatives to live with them and maintain contact with loved ones (Cole Dendukuri, 2003). Depression and the aging process. Researchers have justified the effects of depression on the aging process of the human body. According to some research, the frequent headaches, spasms, muscle pain, chest palpitations, emotional and cognitive indications contribute to the aging process (Thomas, 2009). Another recent study affirmed that the unnoticeable impacts of depression destroy the cellular structure of the human body, which may hasten aging process (Cole Dendukuri, 2003). Researchers have also investigated how the condition reduces the length of telomere.
Telomeres are the and weaknesses, shielding caps at the endings of chromosomes. They are a revelation of aging when they certainly reduce in french editor, length over strengths and weaknesses, time. One typical characteristic of telomeres is that it is disposed to depression or stress. This implies that premature shortening of telomere indicate the commencement of the aging process (Godfrey Denby, 2004). Depression and stress affect the normal functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis, also referred to and fall, as HPA axis (Cole Dendukuri, 2003).
The HPA axis regulates how people respond to stress and depression. And Weaknesses Writing! HPA regulates the response by controlling cortisol, which is the principal stress hormone. The affected functionality of the HPA axis results to spring and fall, extreme depression, which leads to the shortening of the telomeres. The resultant effect is the speeding up of the aging process. The elderly who are depressed experience shortening of telomere, which further aggravates aging that might eventually cause death (Miller, 2009). Depression and dying.
Depression can be linked to death in various ways. For example, it can be a cause of death or resulting from bereavement (Wattis Curran, 2006). Among the elder extreme situation can influence suicidal thoughts because of its life threatening capability. And Weaknesses Writing! This is because it can result to development of diabetes type 2 and cardiovascular disease among the old. Additionally, the challenges encountered by spring the seniors as old age approaches are likely to influence suicidal choices (Miller, 2009).
Researchers affirm that depression the substantial contributive factor to old age death. Notably, the consequences of depression are the essay strengths writing, causalities of death. This implies proper management of the depression symptoms will lead to a reduction in deaths that are linked to depression. Various age related issues like sleep problems, possession of math essays, firearms and essay strengths and weaknesses weapons that can cause death, inadequate social support, decline health standards and complicated life changes substantially contribute to high rates of suicidal deaths among the aged. Some theorist concluded that poor sleep quality cause old age death.
The causality of theory essay criteria, poor sleeping habits is essay strengths and weaknesses writing, attributed to depression hence the depressed and aged are vulnerable to math essays, having poor sleeping pattern which might increase the risks of death (Godfrey Denby, 2004). Writing! The elderly in possession of firearms and weapons that are life threatening are more exposed to depression-related deaths. It has been proven that firearms are the criteria, preferred method of committing suicide among the depressed who are aged. Essay Writing! Apparently, possessing a firearm increases the risks of suicide to anyone, not just the old. Inadequate social support among the aged who are depressed can cause suicide. The reduced sociability among the aged has an impact on social support needed to essays, prolong their lives. The young who are expected to provide social support are normally not available because of the change in and weaknesses writing, lifestyle (Miller, 2009).
As a result, the aged are left alone in rural areas where they experience high rates of isolation and loneliness. Extreme rates of isolation and loneliness can affect negatively on the mental health of the aged. Thoughts of suicides are the consequences of loneliness and the helpless state they are in of knowledge essay criteria, when in the rural areas. Deteriorating health condition such as infestation of old age-related illnesses such as Parkinson’s, stroke and heart diseases can cause the elderly to think about committing suicide. The elder experiencing declining health conditions are at essay strengths and weaknesses writing a higher risk of suicide than those who have not been diagnosed with serious illnesses (Miller, 2009). Thoughts of death are frightening and seem to be a mystery among many people. Getting aware of the importance of a paper, type of death one is likely die during old age is much worse and causes depression. Additionally radical life changes such as retirement or the strengths, decease of a loved one causes depression which increases the risk of committing suicide. Performing psychotherapy is highly essential in preventing old age suicides related to depression (Cole Dendukuri, 2003). The elderly have the spring, opportunity meeting and freely interacting with trained health experts to deal with depression, suicidal thoughts and other health problems. Strengths And Weaknesses Writing! Research reveals that different types of psychotherapy work effectively in managing old age depression.
Moreover, the healthy and essays spring and fall depression-free elders benefit most from psychotherapy than the already depressed. Combining psychotherapy and antidepressants can reduce development of suicidal thoughts among the elderly. Some study conducted affirmed that approximately 80 percent of the elderly suffering from strengths writing depression has restored their normal mental state from the combination of antidepressants and psychotherapy. However, the elderly who are suffering from depression and experiencing suicidal thoughts for the first time should seek medical attention from a doctor before the symptoms disappear. Bereavement refers to all feelings, thoughts and behaviours undergone by people experiencing sorrow because of death (Godfrey Denby, 2004).
The term is used interchangeably with grief describes the theory of knowledge essay, event of losing something such as job, loved ones and other noteworthy things that can result to changes in essay, the mental state. The elderly also experience bereavement and grief during the aging process, which is likely to cause depression and eventually hasten their death. The elderly require strong and caring social association with other people for emotional support (Cole Dendukuri, 2003). Essay Ib Tok! Death can cause the essay strengths and weaknesses, association or relationship to math essays, the elderly to break, which fatally affects their emotions. In conclusion, old age depression might be caused by death of loved ones, retirement, increased segregation or medical problems.
The various effects late-life depression includes deterioration in essay strengths, physical and mental health, memory and concentration impairment. Depression’s symptoms influence each aspect of life such as individual’s energy, appetite, interest in work, sleep, relationships and french editor hobbies. Old age depression is treatable through right support, self-help policies and proper management. Exercises as physical activity are vital for and weaknesses, boosting the moods that result from depression. French Essay Editor! The social circle is much responsible for providing psychological support, which keeps depression away. Different age-related issues like sleep problems, possession of firearms and weapons that can cause death, inadequate social support, decline health standards and serious life changes substantially contribute to essay strengths and weaknesses, high rates of suicidal deaths among the aged. Cole, M., Dendukuri, N. (2003). Risk Factors for Depression Among Elderly Community Subjects: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The American journal of math essays, psychiatry , 78-89. Godfrey, M., Denby, T. Essay Strengths Writing! (2004). Depression and editor older people: towards securing well-being in later life.
New York: The Policy Press . Miller, C. (2009). Nursing for wellness in older adults. New York: Lippincott Williams Wilkins. Reynolds, C., Dew, M. Strengths And Weaknesses! (2006). Maintenance Treatment of Major Depression in quote books, Old Age. The New Journal of England , 78-85. Thomas, J. (2009). Handbook of Clinical Psychology Competencies.
New York: Springer. Wattis, J., Curran, S. Strengths And Weaknesses Writing! (2006). Practical psychiatry of old age. New York: Radcliffe Publishing .