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apush populist essay From the late nineteenth century until the first years of the twentieth century, discontent and injustice were among the day to day issues the American farmer had to deal with, along with nearly all American working men, who had been exploited by a government who paid tribute to their industrialist masters much like their forefathers paid tribute to the Barbary Pirates. However, the group that voiced their own discontent the loudest were the carl a person American farmers, the Agrarian workers who felt slighted by a government who answered the industrialist slave drivers' every beckon and call. A question is asked today that is a one that was one asked in those days, the i hate a passion question being whether or not the discontent of the American Farmer was a legitimate attitude of discontent, or just a few whining, backwards people who wanted to stint industrial progress. It is the carl on becoming people who were oppressed by the almost corporatist state who gave voice to the common man, the American Farmer, and helped address problems in American culture that were evident, though taboo subjects amongst the occasional populace. That being said, anyone who looks upon the evidence from the day knows that the Farmer had a right to be discontent with the industrialist control of the government and the government's bending over backwards to industry's demands that made the land of the free and a nation ruled by 'We the essay People' anything but. Cost Essay. First, an analysis into carl on becoming, why such discontent was growing amongst the i hate with a passion American agricultural society is needed . As Document A , the platform of the Populist Party helps to summarize so well, the farmers were tired of being pushed around by big business, as were much of the Middle Class and Lower Classes, who had been ignored by their own government, a corrupt political machine who cared only of making a profit and making the United States the best nation in the world to do business (Document A) . Corruption was one of the primary sources for the mobilization of the Populists, the common man who was tired of being treated as a second class citizen in a nation in which he was supposed to be the one with the power, yet had none because of the big business' control over the politicians. When the question is rogers on becoming a person if they had the right to essay abstract word, be angry over such matters, the answer is undoubtedly yes.
In a time in which corruption in politics was a given, with such political patronage dating back to Grant's era in the White House, the rogers on becoming people knew that their Congressmen and their President cared only with, about getting re-elected and helping out those who got them there, instead of listening to them. At this point in history, there hadn't been this amount of corruption since the days of British colonial rule in the mid to late 1700s. In fact, the corruption grew to a point in which there were actually political factions in Congress who had opinions on how much political patronage should or should not be going on! So it was no surprise people were fed up with patronage and a person essay, corruption, not to mention the glorious hand outs to big business the government was giving, and it's refusal to do anything about the degradation of the essay writings farmers or working man because of their insane belief in a Laissez Faire approach to the economy and to human rights. To reprimand such things from occurring more often in the future, the carl rogers essay Populists proposed a few measures on cutting down corruption, such as Civil Service reform, which was passed by Grover Cleveland, which, although not an original Populist ideal, went along with the kind of Populist thought. Other reforms, such as proposing the direct election of Senators, which would put power in the hands of the i hate people, and also come to fruition later on, with an carl essay, entire Amendment to the Constitution.
Corruption, as can clearly be seen, was a huge problem that impacted the lives of all US citizens, minus the essays with industrialists, of course, though another problem that ailed the American farmer was the so called 'Gold Standard'. The Gold Standard, which backed the US Dollar with a standard figure in on becoming essay, Gold, was harmful to the farmers because it meant deflation in the marketplace. The farmers, who'd been preyed upon by bankers, where loaned money by said bankers. When less money is in circulation, deflation arises, and the value of money goes down, something the Industrialists and proponents of the Gold Standard loved, for it kept the money in essay, the hands of these rich industrialists and also made the farmer feel as if he was paying out more money to the vulture-like banks that loaned him the money in rogers on becoming a person, the first place. This can be put to a visual image quite well, as seen in Document D' s illustration, a picture of a rich banker leading his slaves, the farmers into the courthouse because of their inability to 5 paragraph essay jim crow laws, repay their debts ( Document D) . To remedy such deflation, the rogers on becoming a person farmers proposed the introduction of 'Bimetallism', or the use of both Gold and Silver in the marketplace, with an emphasis being placed on i hate essays a passion, silver, as shown in the Populist Party platform drafted at Omaha in 1892 ( Document A) . Carl On Becoming. By adding Silver, the farmers hoped to flood the market by increasing the ratio of Silver in circulation, and thus causing inflation, which would ease the troubles of the farmer in paying off his debts.
At the literature on online system project end of the Civil War, farmers racked in rogers on becoming a person essay, large profits because of the amount of money in circulation, thus causing inflation and making it easier to pay off their debts to the bank, which probably lead to this belief in an increasing currency circulation over a period of years and the proposed introduction of Bimetallism ( Document C) . This became a very popular idea following the Panic of 1893, when not only the Populists, but the Democrats adopted the platform of 'Free Silver' as it was described by Populists and the Free Silverites, a political party similar to the Greenbacks of the 1870s (who of cost of care, course ran on a platform to produce more Greenbacks, or paper money) and focused likewise on only the issue of bimetallism. The Democrats, who were seen as the party of the carl rogers on becoming common man, had felt great blows to their own reputation following the Civil War, in essay jim crow laws, which they were painted as treasonous by Republicans' tactic of Waving the Bloody Shirt , and needed a boost to bring themselves back into power and revive their own tarnished image. The frontrunner for the Democrats, William Jennings Bryan, adopted the Populist platform, making his own bimetallistic intentions evident with his famous Cross of Gold speech, in which he proclaimed that . You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of carl rogers on becoming, gold. Bryan's speech was so immensely popular, he was also nominated by the Populists as well as the Democrats, though he failed to bring home the election in 1896. The victor of the election, William McKinley, resident friend to big business and industrialism, made snide remarks about the 5 paragraph jim crow Free Silver movement in his acceptance speech, praising traditional values and sticking to the Gold Standard (Document B). The Free Silver movement was dealt a devastating blow following Bryan's defeat, essentially causing the issue of bimetallism to vanish from the public eye for years to come. It cannot be effectively argued that the farmers were not justified in this crusade, either.
The farmers had been exploited by the bankers, who loaned them money on a person, the basis of knowing many of them would not be able to pay back the loans because of the rampant deflation caused by the Gold Standard and the surplus of crops that was virtually barred from sale because of an unfair tariff meant to essay abstract, keep the industrialists well fed and content, and rogers essay, thus, were gravely mistreated and exploited by these bankers. Deflation effectively kept the money in essay word, the hands of the industrialist millionaires as well, due to the lessened money in circulation, thereby making it harder for on becoming a person essay anyone other than these industrialists to get their hands on the money and causing less money to be made by the common man. The farmers had a right to review on online hotel, be discontented as they were exploited and oppressed by their own government 'By the People, Of the People, and For the People', who seemed more concerned with serving full course meals to carl, industry while giving farmers and other Middle and Lower Class people a crumb from industry's plate. The aforementioned surplus also played a vital role in shaping the extended abstract farmer's discontent and the rise of the common man in rogers on becoming, modern politics. Hotel Management System. Following the carl a person essay Civil War, farmers grew a surplus of crops such as wheat. This meant more opportunities to sell said crops and with, drive in a profit, however, under the Grant Administration, a high protective tariff was levied to support American industrial growth. This proved extremely detrimental to the farmer, who was unable to sell his crop abroad, and soon fell into a downward spiral towards virtual bankruptcy and poverty ( Document E) . Farmers saw the tariff as an attack on carl rogers on becoming essay, their livelihood by the government, which had ceased to support them and now took orders from industry.
The tariff, while beneficial to i hate essays with, the industrial madhouse that effectively governed the nation, was a straw that lead to the aforementioned preying upon of the farmer by bankers and in turn lead to more and more agrarian discontent. During the carl on becoming a person entire span of the Gilded Age, no such President or politician, save for Grover Cleveland, even remotely tried to help out the essay abstract word farmers by lowering the tariff, as both parties seemed to enjoy the pay outs big business was slipping into carl rogers on becoming essay, their pockets for their continued support of to arms, such measures. When the Populist Party was first organized, this was a key issue in the platform drafted in Omaha, which explicitly stated that the tariff that threatened the carl on becoming farmer be lowered to allow for i hate a passion open competition. Again, it's hard to argue that the farmers didn't have the right to be discontent, as they had every right to be angry. Once again, government had rallied to the cause of big business, effectively pulling the rug out from under the farmers, who until this point had been the backbone of the American economy. Because of this, the farmers felt betrayed by a society who once relied on and protected them, something that gave ample reason for discontent and anger, and lead to carl rogers on becoming, the proposition of a farewell to arms questions, Silver as a great equalizer, a . Carl A Person Essay. magic panacea for all his the farmers' ills. as so said in Document E , courtesy of J. Laurence Laughlin (Document E). One cannot mention the injustices faced by the farmers of the Gilded Age without mentioning the venomous trusts formed by railroad companies that took advantage of the American farmer at every turn.
Government hand outs to desired businesses may not be a new thing today, but in the Gilded Age, it was a very new idea, one that impacted the lives of extended, many. Carl Rogers On Becoming Essay. Following the Civil War, the government began using it's resources to prop up the railroad industry in the American west in review on online hotel management system project, an attempt to speed up the production of railroads in the United States. These railroad companies operated virtually unchecked, and a person essay, were given government support, meaning they had almost a free hand to do whatever they felt like. One aspect of with, this was the essay fact that railroad companies charged different prices for different customers. Industrial types paid less due to to arms, 'preferred customer discounts' and the like, while farmers were charged much more by carl rogers a person essay railroad companies to deliver their product to market. However, this was not all that served as a preverbal thorn in the side of the American farmer, either, as large railroad companies began to make prices even higher in creating Trusts, monopolies in everything but name and actual mergers of business. These Trusts set prices and exploited the farmer at market by making it harder for him to get his product to market, thereby limiting his income. 5 Paragraph Jim Crow Laws. This also hurt the Laissez Faire, unfettered Capitalism of the day as well, as Trusts destroyed competition and made a truly Free Market anything but ( Document F). Carl Rogers On Becoming. To combat these murderous Trusts, the i hate with a passion farmers organized and demanded political action be taken to break up these Trusts and regulate the on becoming railroad industry in order to protect the essay rights of the farmers. This was met with opposition at many levels of government and of course industry, such as George Parker of the Cairo Short Line Railroad's hearing before the Senate Cullom Committee in which he defended the business fares charged to both industrialists and farmers, saying that regulation would only cause the end of the industry ( Document G) . Regulations were struck down by a Conservative Supreme Court who sided with big business as well, once again ignoring public interest for increased profits.
Regulations, however, eventually too would come to carl on becoming a person, fruition, though probably not as much as the farmers would've liked. However, the legacy of the extended essay abstract word Populists helped to dictate the carl rogers a person rise of similar movements later on, in which the people would be represented politically against big business, a legacy that continues on occasional writings, until this very day. Maintaining the carl a person essay aforementioned argument that the farmers were valid in their discontent, it's obvious to see why here as well, and that they were justified in being angry with the railroad companies who seemed to treat them as second class citizens, much like their own government did. By now, it's very easy to tell who the real victims of this age were, and who acted as the villains of the Gilded Age. The farmers were thoroughly victimized by the government and by big business, who was in control of the 5 paragraph essay government's attempts to stamp out the farmer as the rogers on becoming a person essay main source of income for the United States and turn it's back on the very people it was built upon.
It is essay occasional writings because of this my position stands, a position that emphasizes that industry was exploiting and victimizing the rogers a person essay American farmer, and essay, that the American farmer was justified in his anger against those who would seek his elimination as competition in carl rogers on becoming, the national and even international market for essays a passion America's new economic backbone.
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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and carl rogers on becoming a person essay marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and essay occasional writings tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans.
Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for rogers writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and essay questions tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a person a project.
It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to of care essay require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and carl rogers a person essay write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization.
The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in 5 paragraph essay jim crow laws, the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is on becoming a person, arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and occasional plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'.
Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for rogers a person essay 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is 5 paragraph, a limiting or enabling factor; finance is rogers on becoming a person, a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and essay writings thereby business strategy and a person essay planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to essay occasional writings provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in on becoming a person, such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and essay 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. Essay. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the literature review on online system project, strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses.
Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to carl rogers on becoming essay the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to of care contest the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and carl rogers on becoming reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in a passion, the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems.
Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and carl essay of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of literature on online hotel project numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is a person essay, generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is cost of care, because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts').
Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of a person essay such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on essay writings existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to on becoming a person create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations.
See the jim crow, simple business start-up principles. Depending on rogers on becoming a person essay the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the essay, numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to rogers on becoming a person essay an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into literature review hotel, a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too.
Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the carl a person, Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). With. The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of carl rogers on becoming essay this article there is also a simple template/framework for cost contest a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for a person starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to a farewell to arms essay questions be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and carl a person essay US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the essays with a passion, spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans.
People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. Carl A Person. You'll see from the with, definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an carl rogers on becoming a person essay outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively.
a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and i hate hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to rogers on becoming the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is i hate a passion, being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. Carl Rogers A Person. The extent to essay which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Essay. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned.
Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and with a passion positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and carl rogers essay promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and essay laws how, implicitly including the rogers on becoming, business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to essay abstract word which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and a person its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for literature review on online hotel management system payment.
Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and essay resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and of care essay phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the carl rogers essay, same.
service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the extended essay word, trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and carl business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into extended abstract word, the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to carl rogers a person essay clarify what needs to be planned for 5 paragraph essay laws rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task.
That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by on becoming essay senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to essay explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the carl rogers on becoming essay, department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and a farewell training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of carl a person business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in occasional writings, mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process.
An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at a person essay the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and cost of care strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to carl essay staff, customers, suppliers, and contest creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into rogers, an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to with integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and carl rogers on becoming essay reputation. See corporate social responsibility and word ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to carl rogers on becoming address issues of ethics and essay corporate responsibility when you are the owner of essay a new enterprise. It is cost contest, more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for rogers their proper consideration can now be made. A Farewell Essay. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to essay ethical considerations. A Farewell To Arms Essay Questions. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and on becoming anyone ignoring ethics in a farewell essay, planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for carl essay business plans is return on a farewell to arms investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'.
For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and carl on becoming a person essay aims - financial viability is necessary to a passion sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on carl a person investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for extended essay abstract the effective use of essay investment and cost of care resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the carl rogers on becoming a person essay, need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to a farewell essay focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on a person investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is i hate with, however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to carl rogers on becoming a person the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an essay occasional optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for rogers a person essay local planning and literature review management decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in rogers on becoming essay, a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise.
In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to a farewell to arms be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of carl rogers on becoming any business plan and also the cost contest, main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. Carl Rogers On Becoming. In most traditional corporations return on review on online project investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and rogers essay growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is abstract word, asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the rogers a person essay, manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve?
Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on extended essay word investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in a person, business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to questions become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and rogers essay increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the i hate essays with, main driver of carl rogers on becoming a person enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to abstract word sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to carl rogers on becoming a person advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to literature review on online management system planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise.
Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is carl, our policy/position on literature on online hotel management project corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on carl investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is extended essay abstract word, identifying causes and effects , according to rogers on becoming your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve).
Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on to arms essay questions investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into a person essay, smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into occasional, smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and on becoming a person activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. Essay Occasional. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to carl rogers on becoming essay sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and word what will be the return on carl rogers on becoming a person investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to a farewell to arms essay other departments rather than externally to customers - then the a person essay, language and planning elements may alter, but the literature review on online management system, principles remain the same.
Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and carl on becoming a person loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare.
Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to literature on online management system project businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to carl rogers on becoming a person put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of contest data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and on becoming detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to know.
Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and writings published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and carl essay demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out with a passion your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings.
A lot of carl a person useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Extended Essay Abstract Word. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the carl essay, starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to essay occasional understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and carl on becoming a person essay trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and review on online legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services.
Keep the on becoming a person essay, subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of i hate with a passion uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and rogers on becoming a person essay manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Essay. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the a person, business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and i hate validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it.
Refer to carl rogers a person and consider issues of of care ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on rogers a person which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. 5 Paragraph Essay Laws. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. On Becoming A Person. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and cost essay contest self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and carl a person long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and essay jim crow laws 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in carl rogers on becoming a person, mind that you must reliably ensure the a farewell to arms questions, success and carl essay viability of the business in 5 paragraph, the short term or the long term is merely an carl on becoming essay academic issue.
Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and essay questions as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person Essay. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in essay jim crow laws, defining and refining the rogers on becoming a person, business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of literature review hotel system project ownership and responsibility. Producing and carl rogers essay announcing the a farewell to arms essay, mission statement is carl a person essay, also an jim crow laws excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s)
You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the rogers a person, more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of literature hotel system prime interest to your target markets.
Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of carl rogers on becoming essay these services into 5 paragraph jim crow laws, an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to carl your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is essays a passion, technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by carl rogers on becoming a person essay which you deliver it, means to cost of care your customer. Traditionally, in sales and carl marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to occasional writings translate a feature into a benefit is to rogers add the i hate essays with a passion, prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only a person, open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others:
If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of 5 paragraph essay laws sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in rogers, all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. A Farewell. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Carl A Person Essay. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the review on online, numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the on becoming a person, activities and resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Extended Word. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the carl rogers on becoming a person essay, business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process.
It will state sales and profitability targets by abstract activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to a person essay image and reputation, and to occasional public relations. Rogers Essay. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to essay abstract result in carl rogers essay, improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of review on online management system achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to on becoming a person achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the review system, relevant activities and resources. quantify the rogers essay, business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Essay Occasional Writings. Before attending to the detail of rogers on becoming essay how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are.
What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from to arms questions, each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and rogers net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and essay word percentage increase in revenues and rogers essay contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between?
You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. To Arms. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and on becoming products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by cost of care some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in on becoming, Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to laws understand and assess marketing or business development strategy.
Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and carl rogers a person effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for a farewell to arms essay another. Carl Rogers Essay. Think about what option offers the best potential for occasional your own business and market. Think about the strengths of carl a person your business and essays a passion what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Carl On Becoming A Person Essay. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of extended abstract word failure.
Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). Rogers Essay. This is fine if there is plenty of market share to review management project be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the carl on becoming essay, market is literature on online hotel, growing fast and a person large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the i hate essays, profit from rogers a person, this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to laws be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market.
Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to carl on becoming essay your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and system project frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for carl rogers a person your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and essay writings instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into on becoming essay, associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets.
This is high risk - not only do you not know the with a passion, products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is carl a person, likely to a farewell entail working through new distribution channels and on becoming routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in 5 paragraph essay jim crow, terms of their market development opportunity and carl on becoming essay profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and i hate essays with services in on becoming essay, each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in extended abstract word, many ways.
A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and essay easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is i hate essays, unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on on becoming a person the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and 5 paragraph essay jim crow laws protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is rogers, little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Essay Occasional. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in rogers a person essay, which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in literature management, this quadrant, which is rogers essay, obviously not very funny at all, except to 5 paragraph essay the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.
This is likely to be an area of carl on becoming essay business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of abstract word costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the rogers, product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and literature review on online hotel management system growing market. Carl A Person Essay. As a product moves into of care essay, this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. Carl A Person Essay. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is laws, strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins.
Production and manufacturing overheads are established and rogers a person essay costs minimised due to extended word high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of carl rogers on becoming continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the literature on online hotel, next rising stars developing from on becoming essay, its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on occasional writings a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to rogers on becoming essay small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for extended essay abstract word large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to carl a person as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and word determine strategies according to customer types.
Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. Carl Rogers Essay. There is a lot of flexibility as to cost what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to carl rogers on becoming a person essay do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. A Farewell To Arms. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the carl rogers essay, service and support overhead required, etc. Essay Laws. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Rogers A Person Essay. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach.
The type of essay occasional customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for rogers on becoming essay managing the relationship. A firm view needs to cost be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to carl essay produce the a farewell essay questions, best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on carl a person essay marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and essay occasional plan your marketing is to have a record of carl on becoming a person your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet.
The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of essays a passion data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Rogers. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the extended essay abstract word, analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for on becoming planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and review on online management project activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to rogers on becoming a person provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of essay contest your business, for carl rogers on becoming example, split by market sector (or segment):
And, for example, split by occasional distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an rogers on becoming essay extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the review hotel, bottom-right cell shows the carl rogers, total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out cost of care contest 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to a person essay assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and cost essay contest are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by carl on becoming a person essay showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to occasional writings produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and on becoming a person gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to cost of care essay contest achieve it.
Here's a free MSExcel profit and carl rogers on becoming a person loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and hotel management project reporting tool too. Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Occasional. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). On Becoming Essay. The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Cost Of Care Contest. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of carl rogers on becoming a person essay how you are going to develop your business.
Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and essay occasional most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and carl on becoming best to assemble all of essay this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is carl rogers on becoming a person, under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in essay occasional writings, most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and carl rogers a person satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. I Hate A Passion. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the carl rogers a person, numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front.
The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and on online hotel maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the carl on becoming a person essay, business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. 5 Paragraph Jim Crow Laws. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and carl rogers on becoming brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an 5 paragraph essay jim crow laws inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to rogers on becoming a person essay do when you have completed the a farewell to arms essay, plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the rogers a person essay, main body of the literature, plan. Rogers On Becoming A Person Essay. Each new section should start at the top of a new page.
Number the 5 paragraph essay jim crow laws, pages. Rogers. Important plans should be suitably bound. Occasional Writings. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of carl rogers on becoming circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the of care essay contest, reader to on becoming a person find what they need and occasional writings navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the a person essay, plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an literature review system project executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below.
Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for rogers on becoming a person essay reference and not central to jim crow the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for carl on becoming a person a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the essay contest, formation of carl on becoming a person a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and of care essay contest social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is carl, a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to i hate essays with a passion sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and carl rogers on becoming a person essay products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of 5 paragraph essay laws your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in carl essay, it for essay them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of carl essay your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. Occasional. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and essay outputs.
List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. A Farewell Questions. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for carl on becoming a person the next year's sales/business plan. Essay Jim Crow. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the rogers on becoming a person, skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan.
You may not have all the people that you need so you have to with a passion consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and carl rogers on becoming your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of essay contest these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and essay training, where budgets need to be available to 5 paragraph jim crow laws support the investment in carl on becoming essay, these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer.
Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at a farewell to arms essay questions arbitrary levels, think of carl rogers on becoming a person each one as a promise that you should keep. Extended Essay Word. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and carl a person essay agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the essay jim crow laws, biggest cause of upset is the failure of on becoming a person essay suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements.
A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and cost of care essay contest responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against on becoming, them, and review on online hotel management project preferably publishing the results, internally and carl rogers on becoming externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the to arms essay questions, channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to on becoming essay seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong.
Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to essay laws nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to carl rogers themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in extended essay abstract, the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships.
It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the rogers on becoming, chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and i hate with a passion what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to carl rogers on becoming a person essay deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. Management System Project. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and carl on becoming a person take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the a farewell, information and essay analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of occasional writings service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need?
How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the on becoming, needs and opportunities? IT and essay jim crow laws communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in rogers, all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of to arms your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in on becoming, your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical.
Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and essay word where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in on becoming, performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to i hate with a passion be transparent to them also. How do you report on carl essay sales, marketing and business performance and essay interpret the rogers a person essay, results? Who needs to occasional writings know?
Who needs to capture the a person essay, data? communications and essay ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to essay your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in extended essay, the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. Rogers. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. Literature Project. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter.
Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the carl rogers a person, sort of i hate with a passion detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to carl rogers on becoming essay use this alternative approach to i hate essays a passion planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Carl Rogers On Becoming. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of cost of care being self-employed or who wants to start and carl rogers run their own independent enterprise is capable of 5 paragraph laws doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so.
Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of carl rogers essay your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Questions. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is carl a person essay, also useful since personality-type greatly influences the essay contest, way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and carl rogers essay understand better the ways that your personality type tends to cost of care contest be successful in life and business.
There are many ways to rogers on becoming a person essay be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and review hotel project values, and on becoming essay then to a farewell extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for?
All successful enterprises are built on a person doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for jim crow laws the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person Essay. A mark-up of 5 paragraph jim crow less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to on becoming what the market will pay, not according to your costs.
Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the essays a passion, person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of carl rogers on becoming a person buying and word holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the rogers on becoming a person, effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is extended essay, a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea.
Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and carl rogers a person essay why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the to arms essay, gross profit (the difference between costs of on becoming essay bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the contest, service/product? (You need to rogers understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost.
There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Literature Management System. Once the rogers on becoming essay, business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for essay word some businesses all that is rogers on becoming essay, required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on essay marketing and carl rogers selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at extended the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in carl, detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about literature review hotel management how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever.
Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and carl a person loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Review On Online Hotel System. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the a person essay, same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to essay grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of carl rogers essay your company - or 'company type' as it is a farewell essay, often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person Essay. partnership - essentially a group of literature review system self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and a person essay administration, although ultimately dependent on a farewell to arms essay questions the complexity of the company and partnership. On Becoming A Person. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is essay word, limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to on becoming a person the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and occasional writings legally obliged to carl rogers publish accounts.
There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Literature Review On Online Hotel Project. Meanwhile here is on becoming a person, useful information about laws cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and carl rogers a person partnership companies are very easy to set up and occasional administer, but the on becoming, owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and literature on online hotel management project public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in rogers a person, terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to extended essay abstract word the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. Rogers A Person. This is essay abstract word, considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to on becoming a person the company (its shareholders, to writings the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best.
Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for carl rogers on becoming a person essay your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and occasional organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the rogers essay, information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of jim crow HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age.
HMRC is a person, another weird example of essay occasional quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the on becoming, middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and essay occasional writings Customs. Carl Rogers On Becoming Essay. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to 5 paragraph essay jim crow reclaim VAT that you pay on on becoming essay business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and on online hotel management consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on on becoming a person essay pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional.
If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the with, disadvantages. Carl Rogers On Becoming. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to cost of care essay contest reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the on becoming a person, only tax. Taxes are also due on i hate essays with company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in carl rogers on becoming a person, a company to pay taxes is essay abstract, a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning.
Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you.
With all the carl on becoming, greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at to arms essay questions odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. On Becoming A Person. The relationship between a business person and essay jim crow laws his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from carl essay, another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the essay, world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a person essay a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for literature on online hotel project you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of carl a person their tax liabilities, which is occasional writings, one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for on becoming a person essay taxes from the start.
A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to essay budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and carl rogers on becoming a person even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in essay occasional writings, accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to rogers on becoming a person tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and occasional make payments for on becoming a person essay all costs and liabilities arising in abstract, the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and carl rogers on becoming a person other cashflow issues within any business of a passion significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in rogers on becoming a person essay, the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries.
Whatever, you must understand the occasional, tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for a person them accordingly. 5 Paragraph Essay. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in carl, the early growth of a business), all of to arms essay which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due.
The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and carl a person support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for 5 paragraph essay jim crow all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. Rogers On Becoming A Person. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to 5 paragraph essay the taxman. It's your responsibility to carl rogers deduct the taxes due, to essay word set this money aside, and to on becoming a person pay the word, tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the rogers a person, risks of your being unable to pay your taxes.
Failing to get on essays top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and carl on becoming set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about word tax when the rogers a person, first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to occasional identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to carl identify the taxes applicable to word your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately. Carl Rogers A Person. It does not need to be very precise.
Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Cost. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to essay show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on essays a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of on becoming essay estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the a farewell essay questions, UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%.
This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the carl rogers on becoming essay, VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and a farewell to arms questions national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the rogers essay, approximations are on i hate essays a passion the high side of carl on becoming what the precise liabilities actually are.
Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is system project, fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and carl rogers a person essay lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of to arms essay money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to carl rogers a person set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. I Hate Essays. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to rogers a person set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at 5 paragraph essay jim crow these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to carl on becoming a person apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and essays with a passion quick you'll be more likely to carl rogers on becoming do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to essay writings your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and carl on becoming essay simpler in occasional writings, this example you could round it up to 50%.
The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against rogers essay, the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on 5 paragraph jim crow top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for carl a person essay small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for cost of care contest tax liabilities. Rogers A Person Essay. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by extended reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into carl rogers essay, pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is word, - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to rogers on becoming essay inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about of care your new business. Rogers On Becoming. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money.
I do not go into literature on online management system project, more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to rogers on becoming see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . Hotel System. (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by on becoming a person group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to extended essay word be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the rogers on becoming essay, need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to literature on online management system meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple.
Keep to the facts and figures. Rogers On Becoming. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at literature review on online hotel management system project the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the rogers on becoming, best from the engagement, it's important to find the essay, right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and carl rogers on becoming a person if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Essay. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to carl on becoming a person and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and essay questions got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and carl rogers on becoming decide where and how you want to a farewell questions take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an on becoming essay instructor understands or can immediately relate to cost contest your industry sector and a person essay type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of essay vast corporate bureaucracy and rogers a person essay the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to essay occasional writings be personable and carl essay grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and a farewell questions Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on carl rogers a person all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work.
As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from essay occasional writings, there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and on becoming a person from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too.
You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only a farewell to arms questions, because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. Carl Essay. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for to arms questions much money up front at all, but from carl rogers, your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by review hotel system project good clients and carl essay lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward.
Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and of care move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about rogers essay how the essay, relationship is working, not just how the carl on becoming a person, work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to cost of care essay planning and carl rogers essay starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the a passion, distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of rogers a person essay new business success:
Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to essay writings buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about carl rogers on becoming essay it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an i hate essays extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and on becoming a person essay you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this.
First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at a farewell questions yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and rogers on becoming a person tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in essay, business.
Older people know what they are good at. Carl A Person Essay. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people.
Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of literature review on online hotel management project playing to rogers on becoming your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of abstract word fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and rogers on becoming essay seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to of care contest do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful.
Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is carl rogers essay, always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the cost, business to on becoming a person essay be properly structured, started and literature review on online hotel management system project run.
They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on rogers a person essay having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and essay occasional writings outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to carl a person essay external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at literature management large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over carl on becoming a person a business which contains tensions and competing pressures.
Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by 5 paragraph jim crow laws the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on on becoming essay relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the essay laws, significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for carl a person essay success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and essay Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and carl on becoming a person essay commitment conveys to others.
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On Becoming a Person: A Therapist s View of Psychotherapy by Carl
30 Book Report Templates #038; Reading Worksheets. Carl A Person Essay! Reading helps students develop a strong imagination, encourages their creativity, and strengthens their analytical skills. Teachers assign a lot of book reports to ensure that students read lots of books, especially at that critical early age when they are still trying to master the written word. Essay Writings! To cut down on some of the a person, workload, students and teachers can find a book report template to download and fill in. This gives more time to enjoy the act of reading, so students can become life long learners.
A book report is typically given as an assignment to students in elementary and with a passion middle school. Carl A Person Essay! Students fill out a form answering basic questions about the book they were assigned to a passion read. Turning in the report serves as proof to the teacher that the carl, student read the book and, hopefully, got something out of it. These reports may ask students to detail what the book was about, the names of the main characters, what the theme of the book is, and where the events are set. Some reports may ask specific questions about events or characters to essay jim crow laws ensure that the students read the book all the way through. The report can also help students understand the book better by asking them to think about its meaning and the plot. Teachers may also hand out worksheets for students to essay complete in class or as homework.
These are usually limited to with a passion the earlier grades when students are still learning to read. Reading worksheets ask simple questions about the book without requiring multiple sentence answers. These questions may ask students to carl on becoming a person name a favorite character, or mention the main conflict in a few words. It’s not uncommon for the teacher to read a picture book with the occasional, class and have students fill out a worksheet afterwards. If the classroom has a bookshelf, there may also be a ‘Reading Time’ when students pick out a book to read.
When they finish, the students fill out the rogers on becoming, worksheet and hotel system project submit it to their teacher. Carl Rogers Essay! Book report forms are a popular choice of essay abstract word assignment for carl rogers a person essay elementary school classes. These forms make it simple for students to complete the report by filling out the worksheet. These sheets can be generic with standard questions, or teachers may create a unique sheet with questions specific to each different book that is assigned. These forms also help introduce students to the idea of a book report format and show them what kind of information may be expected on longer, multi-page reports that they are expected to complete in the higher grades. A form is also easier to on online management system grade, especially for teachers who have a large classroom and more assignments to go over than usual. A simple book report features a few sections that ask students to answer questions in paragraph format. These each ask students to detail a different element of the book. All book report forms will ask for the title, author name, and the illustrator’s name, if it is carl, a picture book. The other elements on a simple form include: Setting – This is where the book’s events took place, i.e.
New York. Characters – A list of who the main characters are and their names. Plot – A basic overview of the major events in the book. Your impressions – Whether you like the book or not, and why. A simple form may also just ask the students to describe the a farewell to arms, beginning, middle, and end events of the book in three questions. Students may also be expected to identify the climax, which is the most intense point of the book where the main character’s problems are resolved or made worse. This helps get students thinking about the traditional progression of a plot. Eventually, teachers transition students to writing a multi-page book report. The report is usually written in a word processing software, like MS Word. Students can find book report format templates for carl rogers on becoming these assignments too.
These longer reports are written out in paragraph form. The teacher asks the students to address different elements of a book in their own words or with their own formatting. A simple way to organize these reports is to divide them into three basic sections, the introduction, main body, and literature review on online management system project conclusion. In the main body, students can create a different subheading for each element to on becoming essay address. For instance, Introduction – The first paragraph; includes book title, author, genre, and why you chose the book. Main Body – The middle part of the report; includes summary, theme, setting, and characters. Conclusion – A short summary of the book report and opinion of the book.
Difference Between The Book Report Types. The short book report form is handed out by the teacher and can be completed in one night like a homework assignment. A multi-page report is created by the student and may take more than one night to finish. Short templates are available in lots of fun book report ideas suitable for young children. They have questions with a few lines to hand write the answers in a few short sentences. Some templates may include activities to make them more interesting to students, such as having them draw out a scene from the book or re-write the ending. Multi-page reports start out as two page reports and gradually increase in size through middle school and high school. Of course, those two page reports are just as difficult for young students as the five page reports are for high school students.
The great thing about these assignments is that students are usually free to extended word organize their book report ideas however they desire. They can create bold sub-headers for the main body of the carl rogers on becoming a person, report. Students can write about the theme, characters, and setting separately. Or they can leave out the headers and devote their report to a specific element, such as the cost of care essay contest, book theme. This allows students to weave information about characters and setting into the report where they are most relevant to the theme. The former works well for short chapter books, and rogers on becoming a person the latter is better for books that may feature multiple themes. Literature Review On Online Hotel Project! Ideas for Different Kinds of a person Book Reports. There is more than one way to complete a book report.
Both teachers and of care contest students may find these creative ideas more interesting than a straightforward report. Write a review of the book. Create the report in the form of a newspaper or blog review. Summarize the carl a person essay, book without giving away the plot or the ending. Talk about what made you like it or, if you hated it. Feel free to give the abstract word, book a thumbs up or down rating at the end.
Do a diary. Use a journal template to create a diary written by one of the main characters. There should be multiple entries that follow or discuss the events of the book from that character’s point of view. Interview one of the characters. Create an imaginary interview with one of the characters in the book. Ask them questions about where they come from, why the character did something important to the plot, and what the character thinks about the a person, outcome of the 5 paragraph jim crow, events in the book. Write a newspaper article. Create an imaginary newspaper article detailing one of the major events in the book, such as a theft or an rogers on becoming a person essay, important discovery. Of Care Essay! Make sure to answer the carl on becoming essay, who, what, where, when, and why of these events in your article. On Online Management System! What To Do Once You’ve Written The Report.
When students finish writing out their book reports, they have completed what is called the “First Draft” or “Rough Draft”. This is just the first stage of the report, but it is the most difficult part. Finishing up that report in the following steps is a lot easier. Read and mark the report. Read through the book report from beginning to end to get a feel for it overall.
Get a brightly colored pen to carl on becoming mark any spelling or punctuation errors you find in the report. Young students may want to read through their reports with their parents or a tutor. A Farewell Essay Questions! Sometimes, teachers actually make students submit a rough draft of their reports for points before the rogers essay, final report is due. The teacher reviews the draft, makes edits, and suggestions for changing the essay questions, report before final submission. Make edits to the report. Go back into the report file and make the easy grammar and a person spelling fixes. Take a look at your teacher’s suggestions or the ideas you wrote down for things to change in the report. Create a plan to essay contest make those additions or changes. Make the changes to the report. Don’t forget to save your file as a separate document. For instance, save your rough draft as, Report1.doc, and this updated version as, Report2.doc.
Review the report. On Becoming! Print out a fresh copy of the report. Read through it one more time looking for spelling errors and grammar mistakes. Keep an eye out for spots where the text doesn’t make sense. This can sometimes happen when you add new content to a report. If there are mistakes, fix them in the document file and essays review one more time. Your final draft is ready to print out rogers on becoming essay, when you can no longer find any mistakes.
Book reports are a big part of the curriculum. That doesn’t mean they have to essay be a lot of work for the students or the rogers a person essay, teacher. Make assigning these reports less of a hassle with these tips. Assign one book for cost of care contest the entire class to read. This can cut down on the effort required in understanding submitted reports. Pick out a short book report template to use.
There is carl a person, no need to use valuable time in creating one from scratch. Print out more copies of the a farewell to arms essay questions, form than are needed. Some students may lose theirs and rogers a person essay need an extra form. I Hate Essays With! Make reminder announcements when a due date approaches. Remind students at least twice before a book report due date. Keep the word count requirement low.
Teachers also have to carl spend more time reviewing longer reports. Occasional Writings! Consider creative alternatives to some written reports. When your curriculum includes a lot of book reports, give students the option of carl rogers on becoming turning in a farewell essay a drawing, diorama, or another project as a break. Being assigned a book report to complete can seem like a daunting task, especially if if you have never written a multi-page report. Make sure you don’t fall behind on the work by following a few of these tips. Make up a reading schedule to complete the book well in advance of the report being due. Use a calendar to remind yourself. Assign yourself different steps to complete each night for the report, i.e. make an outline, write 200 words, or revising Ask the teacher for help with ideas if you can’t figure out how to get started. Essay! Look for examples of completed reports to see how they are structured. Review On Online Hotel Management System! Book reports vary in their length and complexity. Elementary school students get simple, one page forms to fill in about the carl on becoming a person, books they read.
Those in middle school and high school usually have to write multiple page reports. Nearly all reports require students to extended abstract word talk about the plot, theme, characters, and how they liked the book. Both students and teachers can find a lot of templates to use. Carl Essay! Those looking for something generic for extended essay abstract word students to carl rogers on becoming essay fill in after reading a book can pick up a .pdf or .jpg form. Those who want more control over the look and wording of the template should download a .doc file.
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On Becoming a Person
Examples Of Aida Model Essays and carl a person essay Research Papers. do something, you still need to a farewell essay, grab their attention, interest them in rogers essay how your product or service can help them, and then persuade them to literature review hotel system project, take the action . you want them to take, such as buying your product or visiting your website. The acronym AIDA is a handy tool for ensuring that your copy, or other writing, grabs attention. The acronym stands for: Attention (or Attract) Interest Desire Action. These are the four steps you need to take your audience through if you want them to buy your. Advertising , Copywriting , Need 963 Words | 4 Pages. catch the rogers a person reader's eye and make them stop and read what you have to say next.
With most office workers suffering from extended e-mail overload, action-seeking . e-mails need subject lines that will encourage recipients to rogers on becoming, open them and read the i hate with a passion contents. On Becoming A Person? For example , to encourage people to attend a company training session on giving feedback, the email headline, How effective is YOUR feedback? is more likely to grab attention than the purely factual one of, This week's seminar on feedback. 5 Paragraph? 2. Interest This. Audience , Bestseller , Grab bar 897 Words | 3 Pages. AIDA model was presented by Elmo Lewis to a person essay, explain how personal selling works. It shows a set of a farewell essay, stair-step stages which describe . the carl on becoming a person process leading a potential customer to purchase. The stages, Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action, form a linear hierarchy. • It demonstrates that consumers must be aware of a product's existence, • Be interested enough to essay abstract, pay attention to carl on becoming a person, the product's features/benefits, and • Have a desire to benefit from the product's offerings. • Action, the extended essay abstract fourth. Advertising , Anil Ambani , Bend It Like Beckham 1072 Words | 4 Pages. AIDA An advertising agency is a business or service dedicated to carl, planning, handling and creating advertising for writings, clients. These agencies are . independent of clients and carl on becoming a person provide their skills and cost of care views to carl essay, sell client’s services or products.
Advertising agencies can also manage branding strategies, marketing and sales promotions for its clients. I Hate A Passion? For an advertising agency, it is very important to a person, realize that they can increase sales with their effort. Truly speaking, advertising agencies are minds. Advertising , Advertising agencies , Advertising agency 1159 Words | 4 Pages. Curve-Fitting Project – Linear Model : Average Sales Prices of extended essay word, new homes sold in the United States between 1964 and rogers essay 2008 (LR-1) Purpose: To . analyze the essay occasional average sales prices of new homes sold in the United States from 1964 to 2008. Data: The prices were retrieved from rogers essay http://www.census.gov/const/uspriceann.pdf. I chose to use the prices between 1964 and 2008 as they showed a huge increase (More data was available (see link)). A Farewell? Average sales prices of new homes sold in the US Year Time (seconds) . 1904 , Correlation and dependence , Linear equation 364 Words | 4 Pages. Verdi, Ghislanzoni, and “Aida”: The Uses of Convention.
?Verdi, Ghislanzoni, and “ Aida ”: The Uses of Convention In the essay, “Verdi, Ghislanzoni, and rogers on becoming essay “ Aida ”: The Uses of a farewell essay, . Convention,” Philip Gossett discusses Verdi’s problems finding a librettist who could supply him with texts that sufficiently met his need for articulating drama as well as push the bounds of essay, conventional musical forms. Gossett singled out Verdi’s opera Aida , using examples of correspondence between the essays with a passion composer and rogers on becoming essay the librettist to paint a picture of cost essay, what Verdi had originally. Aida , Angelo Mariani , Arturo Toscanini 1510 Words | 4 Pages. AIDA theory is based on the premise that during a sales presentation, it consists of four stages: Attention, Interest, Desire and Action. The . details of carl rogers, these components are as follows: A: Attention The salesperson should attract the prospect/customer to his presentation before he actually goes into the details of the same. This is to ensure that the 5 paragraph essay jim crow prospect/customer becomes receptive to the presentation. Here the need for carl essay, securing attention is must. It's a fact that usually the prospect may. Advertising , Coffee , Coffeehouse 1990 Words | 7 Pages. COMMUNICATION MODEL TO MARKET A NEW BRAND OF CHOCOLATE Prepared By Ahamed Mohamed Mohsin PCM/COL/2012/157 . Sri Lankan Institute of Marketing - Colombo Centre Examination Month - March Preliminary Certificate in Marketing SRI LANKA INSTITUTE OF MARKETING CONTENTS PAGE 01.Executive-Summary This Assignment is based on essay abstract, the application of the communication model called.
Advertising , Communication , Consultative selling 3093 Words | 11 Pages. allowing free trade. Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person Essay? Discuss aspects of free trade that some may consider unfair. For example : a. Distribution of costs and benefits of free . Cost Of Care Essay Contest? trade. In other words, does everyone share in carl on becoming the gains and the costs equally? b. Competing with different labor restrictions (or lack thereof), such as slave or child labor. Essays A Passion? c. Differences in environmental standards. In the following basic demand and carl rogers a person essay supply model free trade allows countries to specialize in producing the goods in which they have the. Economic surplus , Economics , International trade 1169 Words | 2 Pages. Model : mont blanc mb425s 16a 19/05/2013 10:15 2 Items Store in Lingua Italiana search … Go Home Model : . Mont Blanc MB425S-16A Shop by Brand Glasses on Offer Eyeglasses list Sunglasses list RX Prescription Sunglasses Unisex glasses Male glasses Female glasses Junior glasses Rimless-Nylor Eyeglasses BUY NOW WITHOUT RX LENSES Model : MB425S-16A Mont Blanc Price: 250.99 GBP Colour: Size: Bridge: Temples: 16A(shiny palladium smoke) 59 Unique Unique Archive (out of production. 3-D film , Copyright , Eye 437 Words | 4 Pages. social sciences and humanities. Essay Occasional Writings? Many ethnomusicological works are created not necessarily by 'ethnomusicologists' proper, but instead by anthropologists . examining music as an aspect of a culture.
A well-known example of such work is Colin Turnbull's study of the Mbuti pygmies. Another example is Jaime de Angulo, a linguist who ended up learning much about the music of the Indians of Northern California . Yet another is Anthony Seeger, professor at the University of rogers, California, Los Angeles, who. Anthropology , Community building , Ethnomusicology 1424 Words | 5 Pages. the Laws of Supply and Demand The simulation in the text is about a small city by literature on online system project the name of Atlantis. Atlantis is a well-maintained city with many . Carl Rogers? positive aspects for the community. All of the aspects make it a pleasant living environment. Extended Essay? For example , the city has maintained streets, maintained sidewalks, large parks and rogers a person jogging paths. 5 Paragraph? To rent an carl rogers on becoming essay, apartment in the community of Atlantis an i hate essays with, individual would have to go through Good life Management.
The current vacancy rate is at 28 percent of availability. Economics , Elasticity , Income elasticity of demand 1569 Words | 3 Pages. definition for a model According to Wilson’s definition a model is the explicit interpretation of one’s understanding of carl on becoming a person, a . Of Care Contest? situation, or simply of rogers essay, one’s idea about that situation. Writings? It can be expressed in mathematics, symbols or words. But it is essentially a description of entities, process or attributes and the relationships between them. It may be prescriptive or illustrative, but about carl on becoming, all, it must be useful. Essay Occasional Writings? Describe the purpose and uses of models There are various use of models ; here I am.
Computer simulation , Forecasting , Mathematical model 956 Words | 4 Pages. ADKAR - a model for change management Overview ADKAR is a goal-oriented change management model that allows change . management teams to focus their activities on carl rogers on becoming a person, specific business results. The model was initially used as a tool for of care, determining if change management activities like communications and training were having the desired results during organizational change. Carl Rogers On Becoming Essay? The model has its origins in aligning traditional change management activities to to arms essay, a given result or goal. For example , Awareness. 2001 albums , Change management , Das Model 1393 Words | 4 Pages. media form exhibits a communication model and to what extent that it does so. It will also be discussed whether each of these . Rogers A Person Essay? models are independent or correlated. For each communication model , a different media form will be used to explain how it is being manifested. Television broadcasting will be used to explain the transmission model , magazine advertisements will be used to explain the publicity model , websites will be used to shed light on the ritual model and lastly, newspapers will be used. Advertising , Broadcasting , Communication 1962 Words | 7 Pages.
A model is a simplified representation of some aspect of the 5 paragraph jim crow world. In what ways may models help or hinder the research for . knowledge? A model by definition is “a schematic description of a system, theory, or phenomenon that accounts for its known or inferred properties and may be used for further study of carl, its characteristics”(source) that implies that a model is supposed to be a helping hand while searching for knowledge in review on online hotel management system any subject. Sometimes however models can appear to be quite confusing. Human , Leonardo da Vinci , Mathematics 1462 Words | 4 Pages. the OSI model and how it relates to a network. On Becoming A Person? Your response should include answers to the following: • On which layers of the OSI . model do WAN protocols operate? • What are some of these protocols? • On which OSI layers do switches and routers operate? • If routers reside at more than one layer, what is the difference between the OSI layers? Introduction: The OSI model was introduced in 1984. Although it was designed to be an abstract model , the OSI model remains. Application Layer , Data Link Layer , Internet Protocol Suite 754 Words | 3 Pages.
?p.56 The ' models ' of disability What is Disability? As there are so many models all around the world. We cannot tell you what . exactly disability is. However, among those models , there are two distinct models , the medical model and the social model . And I will introduce them one by one p.57 First, let’s take a look at this video (After playing…) The medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps. Essay? However, the Social model would suggest steps as the disabling. Disability 628 Words | 3 Pages. Models of Abuse This essay will describe the models of abuse and rogers a person essay compare them; there has been some controversy over these and . I Hate A Passion? this will be lightly discussed. Psychological Model of Abuse - Also known as emotional or mental abuse Emotional abuse can be described as constantly mistreating a child and therefore affecting their emotional state and development. Rogers On Becoming A Person? Emotional abuse can be inflicted upon a child in many different ways; these can include telling a child that they are “worthless.
Abuse , Bullying , Child abuse 1469 Words | 4 Pages. Unit 1 models of health There are two different models of health of essay contest, which will be looking at the bio medical . model and social model of rogers a person essay, health, there are numerous models and explanations that highlight biological as well as social and cost of care essay psychological processes (Naidoo and Wills, 2008; Aggleton, 1990). The biomedical model is what dominates today’s medical profession, “People are healthy so long as they show no signs of bodily abnormality” (Aggleton, 1990). Rogers A Person Essay? This is a typical biomedical statement. Epidemiology , Health , Health care 1284 Words | 4 Pages. “There are numerous models and explanations that highlight biological as well as social and psychological processes.”(Aggleton, 1990) Health, . illness and disease are defined conflictingly depending on different factors and models . Models of health vary but every model plays a defining role in signifying and conceptualizing what should or shouldn’t be the object of public health concerns. The purpose of these models is to explain why inequalities in health not only exist but also persist; there is. Epidemiology , Health , Health care 1076 Words | 3 Pages.
Role models who others imitate, emulate or look to laws, for guidance. There are good role models who inspire greatness in others and . bad role models of what we call a bad influence. There are even anti-role models , pegged by the media as bad girls or bad boy is a good example of on becoming a person essay, what NOT to do if you want to be successful, respected. Every parent wants their children to have positive role models who have characteristics that inspire them to want to be (and become) their best. Extended Essay? While there is some. English-language films , Model , Need 772 Words | 3 Pages. SCOR Model The SCOR Model , also referred to as the carl a person essay Supply Chain Operations [pic]Reference model , is a type of . tutorial used to improve your knowledge and usage of the [pic]Supply Chain Management system. It is more of a management tool.
The Supply Chain Management Council has designed the SCOR Model in collaboration with other distributors, manufacturers, suppliers and logistics service providers, and therefore the i hate essays model is best suited for people in rogers a person essay this category of essay occasional writings, business. Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person? [pic][pic] The. Asset , Inventory , Management 1445 Words | 5 Pages. industry making a product whose price depends on the quantity ( Examples can include large firms in computer, chemicals, automobile…) Cournot . was the first economist to explore and explain the oligopolistic competition between the two firms in an oligopolu (Cournot and Fisher in of care 1897). He underlined the idea of duopoly problem and carl rogers a person essay the non-cooperative behavior of the firms. Occasional Writings? In 1934, Heinrich F. von Stackelberg came up with another model that explains the strategic game through which the firms in an. Competition , Cournot competition , Economics 1606 Words | 5 Pages.
business model . Compare with traditional business model , a new business model can provide some completive benefits . and carl rogers on becoming a person lower costs to companies. It means the innovation of word, business model can bring companies much profit. Carl Rogers? Therefore this paper report focus on different kinds of new business model in essay social network industry, and analysis the benefits of Facebook’s business model . In the first section, this paper report will give a definition of business model . A Person? It will include what are business model , and. Advertising , Business model , Facebook 1546 Words | 5 Pages. Outline 3 or more models /explanations of abnormality and evaluate these models considering a range of . Essay Occasional? issues. Abnormality is a difficult thing to rogers on becoming a person, define as this involves answering the trivial question of ‘What is essay normal?” The Oxford dictionary’s definition of normal is “conforming to a standard; usual, typical or expected.”Another definition of normal would be “Someone/something that conforms to society.” These definitions would suggest that to be abnormal within mental. Abnormal psychology , Behaviorism , Cognition 2392 Words | 6 Pages. whole attempt to formalize the definition of business models when he wrote that Business Model is one of those terms of art . that were central to the Internet boom: it glorifies all manner of half baked plans. All it really meant was how you planned to make money. In an abstract of his paper A Mesoscopic Approach to Business Models : Nano Research on Management published in Economic Issues in China Dr.
Junyi Weng stated that Business Model , a well known important and extensively used term. Bricks and clicks , Business , Business model 1166 Words | 5 Pages. ?Project Management Life Cycle (PMLC) Models 1-Introduction (Wysocki, 2012, p321) stated ‘the project management/projects landscape is . based on two characteristics, goal and solution’ in complexity and carl on becoming a person uncertainly classification on the project. There are five (5) (MPLC) models to i hate essays a passion, classify and mange of the projects. Linear and incremental in Traditional Project Management (TPM) approach. Iterative and Adaptive in Agile project management (APM) approach. Extreme in Extreme Project Management. Agile software development , Construction , Extreme Programming 1177 Words | 4 Pages. strong influential mechanism has been presented in carl rogers the form of the abstract biomedical- model , which has successfully controlled human suffering. The . biomedical model assumes that the causation of deviant behaviour is rogers on becoming a person biologically specific. Cost Of Care Essay Contest? This perception allows for on becoming, the probable causes in extended abstract word societies to a person essay, be concealed, shifting responsibility to the individual, permitting the control of human suffering.
The claim that the biomedical model is an acceptable vehicle for abstract word, the social control of human suffering will be. Abnormal psychology , Disability , Mental disorder 1333 Words | 4 Pages. you hear the rogers on becoming words “role model ”, who or what do you think of? When I hear it, a string of actors, musicians, athletes, and celebrities appear . in my head. Is this the essay occasional way kids today have been brainwashed by the TV and radio? What happened to the days when you could ask a child who their role model was and they would answer, “My mommy” or “My daddy”?
Our society needs to think about the true role models and carl not the bad examples . Management? Celebrities and athletes can be a good example sometimes, but like us. 2006 albums , Brett Favre , English-language films 1035 Words | 3 Pages. a fashion model . Who wouldn’t enjoy traveling worldwide, getting paid for posing and looking fabulous, meeting and carl on becoming a person essay receiving gifts from world . famous fashion designers? While this all sounds amazing at first, people seldom know what is of care essay beyond the pictures, shows and rogers on becoming glamour. The real danger is what occurs behind the scenes of the modeling business. There is review on online hotel system project a dark side to the fashion modeling industry which involves the exploitation of young models . Carl A Person? There are cases of overworking models beyond the. Model , Runway , Vogue 1686 Words | 4 Pages.
? Julie Brown Models of Abnormality PSYC 205 Shadia Ibrahim June 20, 2014 Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology that . I Hate? studies unusual patterns of carl a person essay, behavior, emotion and thought, which may or may not underlie a mental disorder. There are several models used to explain the nature and treatment of essay jim crow, mental illness. A model is a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explain and interpret observations. Over the past half-century, improvements in clinical research has resulted. Abnormal psychology , Carl Jung , Mental disorder 1609 Words | 7 Pages. “Discuss what leadership theory/ model you would use as a health care leader and the theory/ model you believe is least effective. . Explain why the carl essay models you’ve selected would or would not work in a healthcare field.” Among a dozens of leadership theory/ models listed in the book of “leadership for health professionals”, I would like to i hate essays with, say that Bennis’s competency-based model of leadership is most effective one in the health care field, while House’s charismatic leadership model ” is least one. Bennis competency-based. Anatomical pathology , Charisma , Charismatic authority 707 Words | 2 Pages. ?Three theoretical models underpinning health promotion and health education are; The Health Belief Model , The Stages of Change . Model , and The Social Learning Theory. The Health Belief Model The health belief model is a psychological model which tries to a person, explain and predict health behaviours by focusing on each individual’s attitudes and a farewell beliefs.
It was first developed in the 1950’s by social psychologists Hochbaum, Rosenstock and Kegals whom worked in the U.S. Public Health Services. . Behavior , Health , Health care 1201 Words | 5 Pages. The USA and the Peoplehood Model The United States is made up of an enormously wide variety of diverse groups of on becoming, people, each one acquiring . its own distinct characteristics. Extended Essay Word? In the spring of 2003, Tom Holm, Diane Pearson, and Ben Chavis refined Cherokee anthropologist Robert K. Thomas’ Peoplehood Model . These scholars introduced Thomas’ model in their scholarly journal titled “Peoplehood: A Model for Extension of Sovereignty in on becoming essay American Indian Studies. This dynamic idea was created by Thomas. Americas , Caribbean , Ethnic group 1604 Words | 3 Pages. Week 3 Assignment: Change Models Mindi Barker MGT/435 - Organizational Change Mr.
George Henson December 9, 2012 In . this paper the executive at a high-end retail chain selling luxury watches, jewelry, and extended essay hand bags is in carl rogers essay charge of the company's first expansion in the international pool, which is about a new store open in Shanghai, China. This is only a short term objective as the company expects to open several stores in the BRIC countries, such as Brazil, Russia, India. Brazil , BRIC , India 1025 Words | 3 Pages. By definition, a role model is one whose behavior, example , or success is emulated by others. Today, athletes and other sport . A Farewell Essay Questions? stars are looked up to by people of all ages. Everyone loves them, they appear on television with the entire world watching. Athletes are known for their wealth, talent, and fame. On Becoming? We admire them as our leaders with their determination and confidence. Occasional? No wonder we always make heroes out of favorite athletes. They are seen as role models because they can do what we cannot. Michael Jordan , Nike, Inc.
1020 Words | 3 Pages. Models of Disability Disability is a human reality that has been perceived differently by diverse cultures and historical periods. For most . of the 20th century, disability was defined according to a medical model . In the carl on becoming essay medical model , disability is assumed to be a way to characterize a particular set of essay word, largely static, functional limitations. This led to stereotyping and defining people by condition or limitations. World Health Organization (WHO) – New definition of Disability In 2001, the. Disability , Wheelchair 926 Words | 4 Pages. ‘Business Model Contents: Pages I. . Introduction II.
Business Models i. Rogers Essay? Definition ii. Types of 5 paragraph, Business Models iii. Theories on models III. Conclusion IV. References I. Introduction: In this report, a critical evaluation the rogers a person role of business models in the. Corporation , Electronic business , Electronic commerce 883 Words | 3 Pages. Modeling the Spread of an Epidemic | By developing a computer model of the cost contest spread of an infectious disease, the on becoming a person student develops an . understanding of the role of the infection rate and 5 paragraph essay the removal rate on the spread of the disease.
The Threshold Theorem of Epidemiology claims that the extent of spread of an epidemic can be predicted if three values are known: initial number of carl rogers a person essay, susceptible people (S(0)), the infection rate (K), and the removal rate (by quarantine or cure) (Q). The extent of the. Demography , Disease , Epidemic 768 Words | 3 Pages. Mental models are ways in which an individual processes information in there minds. Psychologist Kenneth Craig suggested that individuals . Essay Jim Crow Laws? build small complex models to carl on becoming, anticipate events in reality. It is a representation of reality, intuitively perceived by literature on online hotel an individual. AAA Transportations and its employees, Vernon and rogers a person essay Bud, are having a conflict between each others individual mental models . Vernon, the driver supervisor, and Bud, a corporate worker, have been working for AAA Transportations for. Bud , Goal , Model 823 Words | 3 Pages. long and tiresome and the models do not get enough meal breaks or sleep.
The Council of Fashion Designers of hotel project, America, in carl on becoming a person essay the past, has made . weak efforts to enforce the regulations for models that are underage. Essay Laws? Young models are developing eating disorders and carl a person essay unhealthy body image due to the pressure to be the size that the of care essay contest fashion industry requires. The Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) should make the rogers on becoming a person rules stricter about the work environments for underage models because they are malnourished. Binge eating disorder , Bulimia nervosa , Eating disorders 1415 Words | 4 Pages. Role models Role models mean a number of things to 5 paragraph laws, many different people. Over the years, the concept of a role . model has changed from fictional “heroes” seen in movies, comics, and stories to rogers a person, average people that make an exceptional impact on literature management project, someone’s life. A role model can be an immediate family member like a parent, sibling, or even a friend. It could also be someone acting as a professional mentor through a working facility or an organization designed to carl essay, provide positive influences on young.
Big Brothers Big Sisters of America , English-language films , Family 920 Words | 3 Pages. ?Introduction The waterfall model is the a farewell questions most common model of all software development life cycle models . It is . very simple to understand and use. Carl A Person? In a waterfall model , each phase must be completed before the next phase can start. At the end of each phase, a review takes place to determine if the project is on the right path and whether or not the project should be continued. Here phases do not overlap with each other. Waterfall model is a sequential design process in essay occasional writings which progress is seen. Agile software development , Requirement , Requirements analysis 1230 Words | 7 Pages. construct a BCG model for a company having multiple business org. and discuss the rogers a person essay following strategies with example : 1) Market . penetration 2) Market development 3) Product development 4) diversification ii : discuss related diversification and unrelated diversification. Here we construct BCG model for of care essay contest, Unilever brand.
Company’s mission: “we meet everyday needs for nutrition,hygine and personal care with brands that help people feel good,look good and get more out of life.” What is rogers on becoming a person BCG model ? The BCG. Boston Consulting Group , Innovation , Market share 615 Words | 9 Pages. ?An iterative life cycle model does not attempt to start with a full specification of requirements. Instead, development begins by specifying . and implementing just part of the software, which can then be reviewed in order to identify further requirements. Essay Writings? This process is then repeated, producing a new version of the software for each cycle of the model . Advantages of Iterative model : In iterative model we can only create a high-level design of the application before we actually begin to build the. Agile software development , Business process modeling , Iterative and incremental development 1741 Words | 9 Pages. based models of disability. Rogers On Becoming Essay? There are four main models of disability, these are; the extended abstract word charity model , the medical . Carl On Becoming? model , the social model and the rights based model . The rights based model and the social model of disability are both closely related. The main point of view within the cost charity and a person medical models is that the problem is viewed as being the disabled individual whereas within the social and rights based model the problem is 5 paragraph jim crow viewed as being the disabling society. The Charity model tends.
Disability , Inclusion , Social model of disability 1671 Words | 6 Pages. Models of Leadership There are a handful of carl essay, ways to approach the actions of leading. Leadership involves a wide variety of cost essay contest, characteristics and . skills that vary based on different circumstances and essay motives for leading. Throughout our time here in South Africa, we have learned about these different stylistic approaches to literature review on online management, leadership—all of which can be used in different aspects of our lives. The authentic leadership model and social change model both provide valuable resources for carl rogers on becoming essay, encouraging others. Amy Biehl , Fiedler contingency model , Leadership 1394 Words | 4 Pages. SEMINAR IN MARKETING MANAGEMENT AIDA ANALYSES SAMSUNG GALAXI II ATTENTION Designed to a farewell questions, Make Life Easier Intuitive, stylish and simple to . use, the carl rogers Samsung Galaxy S® III smartphone delivers a personalized, seamless mobile experience that helps your day run smoothly—whether it's time for work, family or play. INTEREST Simple, Instant Sharing Keeps You Connected Connect through touch Send pictures in a flash Access content on multiple devices Made for Intelligent and Intuitive Interaction Smart enough. A Great Way to essay writings, Care 796 Words | 3 Pages.
the criminal justice system changed, new prison models were organized in hopes of lowering the crime rates in carl on becoming a person essay America. The three major . models of prisons that were developed were the medical, model , the community model , and the crime control model . The medical model is the model of corrections based on the assumption that criminal behavior is 5 paragraph essay jim crow caused by social, psychological, or biological deficiencies that require treatment (Clear 53). This model of corrections aimed at treating the illness of carl on becoming, criminals. Corrections , Crime , Criminal justice 1642 Words | 5 Pages. Everything You Wanted to essay, Know About Logic Models But Were Afraid to Ask This paper addresses situations where a private foundation designs . an initiative and awards grants to carl a person, a number of sites to participate in the initiative in their local setting.
The basic ideas are applicable to other situations. What is a Logic Model ? The term logic model comes from the evaluation field, but these models don’t just belong to evaluators or the i hate essays a passion evaluation plan. A Person? As the term suggests, they are a basic. Logic , Logic model , Lowenheim–Skolem theorem 1480 Words | 5 Pages. Session 9: Gaussian Plume Model Gaussian Plume Model The Gaussian plume model is a (relatively) simple . Review On Online Hotel System? mathematical model that is carl rogers a person typically applied to point source emitters, such as coal-burning electricity-producing plants. Extended Abstract Word? Occassionally, this model will be applied to non-point source emitters, such as exhaust from automobiles in carl rogers essay an urban area.
One of the key assumptions of this model is that over short periods of time (such as a few hours) steady state conditions exists with regard to air pollutant. Air pollution , Dimension , Mathematics 743 Words | 3 Pages. Business Model Canvas Examples Understanding Business Models. 2015/7/16 Business Model Canvas Examples | Understanding Business Models . ALL POSTS TAGGED BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS EXAMPLES Understanding LinkedIn Business Model In the post titled, ‘Understanding Business Model Fundamentals’, we learnt why do we need to understand business models and how to of care contest, visually represent a business model using the ‘Business Model Canvas’. In this post, we will try to carl on becoming, understand LinkedIn business model using the a farewell to arms essay questions Canvas.
LinkedIn is the world’s largest professional network. Rogers? As of 31st March 2012. Google , Microblogging , Social media 5379 Words | 23 Pages. Bullet point format plan -The aim of extended abstract word, this essay is to critically evaluate a chosen counselling service. -Briefly description of the carl on becoming a person essay counselling . service, outlining its aims and objectives. Essay Word? -Using Donabedians (1980) model , the essay will go on discussing and critically evaluating the structure, process and carl outcome of the essay occasional service which will be backed up by relevant supporting evidence. -Following a final conclusion the essay will end with a personal reflective analysis. -Newton (2002). Assessment , Evaluation , Game theory 788 Words | 3 Pages. Leadership Models in Health care Melissa D. Green, MHA University of Phoenix Leadership Models in Health care . Leadership has developed over time into a variety of different models . Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person? Four of essay occasional, these models are transactional leadership, transformational leadership, charismatic leadership, and situational leadership. This paper will describe in detail the characteristics of carl, these four leadership models , focusing on their similarities and to arms essay questions differences. These models also can be used to. Charismatic authority , Health care , Leadership 1824 Words | 6 Pages.
Clearly Describe 5 from 7 Forms of Revenue Model. Rogers On Becoming A Person Essay? Support Your Answer with a Detail Explanation, Advantages and 5 paragraph laws Disadvantages, and Examples. Web Catalog Revenue Models : The seller establishes a brand image, and then uses the strength of that image to sell through printed catalogs . Carl On Becoming Essay? mailed to prospective buyers. Buyers place orders by mail or by a farewell to arms essay calling the seller’s toll-free telephone number Advantages: 1/ A wide variety of consumer items, including apparel, computers, electronics, house wares, and gifts. 2/ Customers can place orders through the Web site or by telephone Disadvantages: For many types of products, people are still. Advertising , Andrew Breitbart , Business model 758 Words | 3 Pages. The history of the waterfall model The waterfall model which is also referred as a linear sequential life cycle . model was the first model to on becoming a person essay, be developed. The waterfall model is a sequential design process used in software development processes in which progress is seen as flowing steadily downwards(like a waterfall) through the phases of conception, initiation, analysis, construction ,testing, production/implementation and maintenance.
The waterfall model creation originates in the manufacturing. Agile software development , Rapid application development , Requirements analysis 1001 Words | 5 Pages. Running Head: Competency Model The Standard Competency Model Michael D. Reilly September 30, 2012 The Standard Competency . Model Abstract 2 This paper examines whether a standardized competency model can be applied to an organization such as the fictitious Barker Foods. Essays? The case study established the carl rogers a person foundation for the perception one was needed by the Human Resource (HR) director, Ann Baxter. Some of Barker’s executive leadership is resistant to the idea, while others fully supported. Competence , Gender role , Leadership 1317 Words | 5 Pages. MODEL CREATION Introduction The main purpose of i hate with a passion, using financial model is to analyse and understand the carl rogers on becoming a person financial situation of . business for decision-making. .Finance needs various calculations to get precise information. There are different types of user e.g. managers and literature review system owners need the financial model to evaluate the risk and essay return to i hate with, make business decisions for the smooth operation, Individual investors make logical investment decisions – ‘’Risk aversion’’ and etc.(Wild, Subramanyam and Halsey. Arithmetic mean , Decision making , Geometric mean 1125 Words | 4 Pages. R.E.A.D. Carl Rogers A Person? One major characteristic I like about the i hate essays with a passion model is a person that it is so diverse.
It shows that critical thinking played a major . role in developing this model so that it could cover every aspect of the teaching methods of a professional. I believe that any individual can be taught, this has been one of to arms essay, my philosophies for carl a person essay, a long time. A student will give the teacher what the teacher gives him/her. That’s why this model is so important because it shows the care that a teacher has for. Certified teacher , Education , Meaning of 5 paragraph essay jim crow laws, life 1117 Words | 3 Pages.
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Graziadio Business Review | Graziadio School of Business and Management | Pepperdine University. Businesspersons Beware: Lying is a Crime. In case after case, scandal after scandal, American federal law enforcement officials have clearly shown by their indictments and prosecutions that there is no confusion in their minds—lying is a crime. Businesspersons need to carl essay clearly understand those rules and what prosecutors define as lying . In recent corporate scandals, some executives have learned the hard way that lying is still a crime in corporate America. Martha Stewart was accused of selling her ImClone stock allegedly after receiving insider information. However, she was not convicted of essay occasional writings securities fraud.
She was instead convicted for lying. Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person Essay? In addition, Computer Associates executives were indicted and some have already pleaded guilty for lying to review on online system project their own company’s attorney during an internal investigation when their lies were passed on by their attorney to the government. American history is replete with cautionary tales about the importance of carl a person essay telling the truth. President George Washington is alleged to have said, “I cannot tell a lie,” about jim crow laws, cutting down his father’s cherry tree, and even though this event may not have literally happened, it is a story often repeated to highlight the importance of carl rogers telling the extended essay truth. President Abraham Lincoln was often fondly referred to a person as “Honest Abe.” However, some of our recent presidents have not exhibited such a high regard for telling the extended essay truth. For example, President Richard Nixon was threatened with articles of carl rogers on becoming essay impeachment in the 1970s and resigned from office when it was clear that the House of Representatives was going to impeach him for essay, lying about the Watergate break-in. The result was different, however, in a person essay the 1990s. President Clinton was charged with lying under oath and impeached by the House of Representatives, but the Senate did not convict him and he remained in office. Businesspersons need to know that the literature on online system rules regarding lying in business in the U.S. are currently being vigorously enforced. Contrary to the belief of all too many executives, the rules regarding lying are not confused and unclear—at least in carl on becoming a person the minds of today’s prosecutors.
Recently, in case after case, scandal after scandal, American federal law enforcement officials have clearly shown by their indictments and prosecutions that there is no confusion in their minds—lying is a crime. Lying Alone is Enough to Send You to Jail. After the hotel management system project conviction of rogers on becoming essay Martha Stewart, the former CEO of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia, Inc., numerous articles and editorials were written bemoaning the trial and her conviction. The arguments castigating the essay prosecutors for bringing the criminal case against on becoming essay her went something like this: (1) since Stewart was not in the final analysis being prosecuted for the underlying crime of securities fraud, it was not “right” for the prosecutors to cost essay contest go after her for simply lying to federal investigators, and (2) it was not “fair” for rogers on becoming a person essay, Stewart to be prosecuted for lying when so many other CEOs and top officers behaved so much more atrociously, enriched themselves so much more outrageously, and caused so much more damage to others than Stewart did. Let’s take a closer look at the first argument—whether or not lying alone is a farewell questions a crime in America.
When a witness takes the stand in a judicial proceeding in the United States, the witness is first asked to take the following oath: “Do you swear or affirm to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth?” Only after answering yes is the a person witness allowed to give testimony in occasional writings a judicial proceeding. On Becoming A Person? After taking this oath, a person who testifies willfully and falsely in a matter material to an issue involved in the proceeding will be guilty of the crime of perjury .  Any attempt to influence a witness’ testimony corruptly by promises, threats, or the like is of care essay committing the criminal offense of witness tampering .  Furthermore, anyone who attempts to prevent or impede the lawful process will be guilty of the crime of obstruction of justice .  In each of these crimes, there is no requirement that the person charged and convicted of such crimes first be convicted of some other “underlying crime.” Simply put, lying itself is a crime, punishable with serious jail time. Stewart is not being singled out for special treatment by being convicted solely of lying. Let’s examine the second argument raised regarding whether it is “unfair” for Stewart to be sent to jail for lying. After all, what she did was not as serious and on becoming, damaging as the behaviors of other senior executives involved in cost of care some of the more notorious scandals (Adelphia, Tyco, Enron, etc.). Again, one who makes this argument may not be thinking through the full impact of accepting lying within our judicial proceedings. If lying were suddenly to become acceptable, why would anyone tell the rogers essay truth if it meant harmful consequences to cost of care themselves? Surely we are not so naive as to believe that it is human nature to rogers on becoming a person testify against our own interests and that we would automatically do so even if there were not swift, serious, and painful consequences for not telling the truth.
Lying is a crime because those who lie in a judicial proceeding are destroying the essential fabric of the “rule of law,” which has enabled capitalism to be so successful in i hate essays with a passion the United States. Carl On Becoming A Person? Lying is and must be a crime in a judicial proceeding—and must be enforced against everyone—whether he or she is the President of the extended essay United States, the president of a Fortune 500 multinational organization, or the janitor. Stewart’s crime of rogers on becoming a person essay lying must be viewed not only in 5 paragraph terms of how it may have impacted her own company and shareholders,  but must also be viewed in light of the potential damage to our entire economy if lying were suddenly to be tolerated in our judicial proceedings. After all, if it is okay for Stewart to lie, then how can we complain about rogers essay, accountants who lie about of care, a company’s financial audits, executives who lie about their company’s sales and revenues, or analysts who lie about their stock recommendations? What then makes us think that anyone will continue to invest their money in the American stock market, which has been the driving force of our brand of successful capitalism during the second half of the on becoming a person 20th century? The Federal Government’s Powerful Weapons for a farewell essay, Catching Business Liars. On May 21, 2004, federal prosecutors charged a Secret Service special agent with perjury for carl rogers on becoming a person essay, allegedly lying in 5 paragraph essay jim crow laws the trial of Martha Stewart and her broker, Peter Bacanovic.  A general definition of carl on becoming essay perjury is: “Whoever…having taken an oath before a competent tribunal or person…that he will testify…truly or that any written…declaration…by him…is true, willfully and contrary to such oath states or subscribes any material matter which he does not believe to be true…is guilty of perjury.”  The two critical elements of perjury are (1) a deliberately false statement and (2) the statement must be about an essays a passion, issue material to the case.  In this instance, the government witness, Larry Stewart, was accused of testifying falsely that he had personally examined Martha Stewart’s broker’s worksheet before he testified about the ink. Had he been convicted, Larry Stewart could have faced a maximum sentence under federal law on each perjury count of five years in prison and a $250,000 fine per criminal count.
However, a federal jury in Manhattan found him not guilty on October 5, 2004. Until the on becoming recent spate of business scandals, obstruction of justice prosecutions were relatively rare, but in the last few years there have been several high profile prosecutions.  Arthur Andersen LLP, one of the largest and most successful accounting firms in the U.S., was convicted of obstruction of justice for destroying documents relating to Enron after learning of the existence of a federal investigation. David Duncan, the partner in charge, pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice. Frank Quattrone, an investment banker for essays a passion, Credit Suisse First Boston, was convicted of carl a person essay obstruction of justice in May 2004 for cost essay contest, sending a twenty-two-word email urging his colleagues to clean up their files after he had been told by the company attorney that the federal government was instituting an investigation. Quattrone was recently sentenced to eighteen months in prison, a sentence that far exceeded the recommendation of federal probation officials. A former vice president at Rite Aid recently pleaded guilty to charges of obstruction of justice. 
There are many types of obstruction of justice. Some of them, such as threatening or otherwise tampering with witnesses, or attempting to rogers on becoming a person bribe judges, do not involve lying or other false statements. Jim Crow? However, false statements—and related activities such as the destruction or concealment of documents or other physical evidence—can constitute obstruction of justice. Federal statutes make it “unlawful to ‘influence, obstruct, or impede the due administration of justice.”  In order to convict under these statutes, “the government must prove that there was a pending…proceeding, that the defendant knew of the a person essay proceeding, and that the defendant acted ‘corruptly’ with the specific intent to obstruct or interfere with the proceeding or due administration of justice.”  Making false statements can certainly constitute obstruction of justice. The U.S. Supreme Court has said that if a person lies to laws a federal agent, those lies will be obstruction of justice if the conduct of the defendant has some “relationship in time, causation or logic” to a government proceeding so that the false statements may be said to have the “natural and carl rogers on becoming essay, probable effect” of interfering with that proceeding.  If the defendant “lacks knowledge that his actions are likely to affect a pending…proceeding,” he “necessarily lacks the requisite intent to obstruct.”  It is literature review on online hotel management system project not enough that the defendant knows about the pending government proceeding at the time of his false statements. Carl On Becoming? To be guilty of obstruction of justice, a defendant must make those statements knowing that they would be repeated or conveyed to the court, grand jury, or federal agency conducting the proceeding.  Recently, Congress enacted the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 , which included a specific section declaring that the destruction or alteration of documents (or the inclusion of false entries in such documents) constitutes the crime of extended abstract obstruction of justice, which carries a twenty-year prison sentence. Destroying documents—or otherwise concealing tangible evidence—clearly can subject anyone engaging in such conduct to criminal prosecution.
From the legislative history of the rogers on becoming a person Sarbanes-Oxley Act, it appears that the new obstruction of i hate essays a passion justice section was intended to be broader in scope and to eliminate some of the carl on becoming essay ambiguities and technicalities that had been required for i hate, a conviction as described above.  Federal Lying Statute—No Oath Required. Businesspersons must be especially aware of the federal lying statute contained in Title 18 of the U.S. Code Section 1001, which states that: “(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, whoever, in any judicial matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States, knowingly and willfully (1) falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick, scheme, or device a material fact; (2) makes any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation; or (3) makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious or fraudulent statement or entry shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years or both.”  Under this statute it is a crime to knowingly and willfully make any materially false statement concerning any matter within the jurisdiction of the United States. The falsehood must be material ; but this requirement is met if the statement has the “natural tendency to essay influence or [is] capable of influencing the decision of the decision making body” which receives the false statement.  This statute has an extraordinarily wide scope. Unlike perjury, the false statement need not be given under oath. Review On Online? Any statement, whether made orally or in a person essay writing, can violate this law. The statements need not be made in a formal setting. Extended Essay Word? Any false statement made to any federal agent is carl on becoming a person essay enough. This is true even if the statement was not recorded and no transcript was made. (Often the only evidence of the to arms questions false statement consists of notes made by carl on becoming the federal agent).
It is not necessary that the government actually be deceived or misled. Cost Essay? Unlike obstruction of justice, there is no requirement that the person making the false statements be aware of a government proceeding and intend to interfere with that proceeding. In fact, it is carl on becoming essay not even a requirement that there be any sort of judicial or other government proceeding. I Hate With? Any false statement made to any federal employee can be sufficient to violate this law. Martha Stewart, for example, was convicted of this crime because she made false statements to employees of the FBI and carl on becoming a person essay, the SEC. A Farewell To Arms Questions? Her lies were not made in a formal interview, and the only evidence of what she said was in the notes and carl rogers, recollections of the federal employees involved. In fact, this crime can be committed even without making any false statement to a federal employee. All that is required is that the a farewell questions false statements have some connection to some matter within the “jurisdiction of the…United States.” Persons who lie to state agencies can be convicted of this crime if statements to that state agency might influence the functioning of federal agencies.
People have been found guilty of this crime because they lied to private contractors hired by a federal agency. Carl On Becoming A Person Essay?  In April 2004, several executives at Computer Associates, the giant software company, were charged with this crime; three of them have pleaded guilty to literature on online management the charges. They did not lie to any federal agent. Instead, they were charged with making false statements to carl rogers on becoming a person attorneys working for Computer Associates who were conducting an internal investigation of allegations of essay occasional improper conduct within the business. Since this internal investigation concerned activities that were within the jurisdiction of the carl rogers on becoming United States, the government asserted that lies to the business’ attorneys were crimes. Extended Essay Abstract? Prosecutors stated that the a person essay executives knew that their statements would be turned over to the government and because of this, they needed to tell the truth.  Contrary to the impressions that may have been left by abstract word far too many commentators on carl rogers a person, the trials of Martha Stewart and Frank Quattrone and the like, lying alone is a crime. Any businessperson who forgets this simple truth in today’s environment of aggressive enforcement is a farewell to arms essay questions likely to be very unpleasantly surprised.  See Guide to American Law , Vol. 8 p. Carl Rogers On Becoming A Person Essay? 178.  See Black’s Law Dictionary (8th ed. 2004) p. 1107.
 See. Black’s Law Dictionary (8th ed. 2004) p. 1634.  And one could argue that the trial and conviction have cost both herself and her shareholders dearly and the total cost is yet unknown.  Martha Stewart claimed that her right to a fair trial was compromised because he failed to disclose a prior arrest on the jury questionnaire, but on May 5, 2004 the judge refused her motion for a new trial on this basis. http://money.cnn.com/2004/05/05/news/midcaps/martha/.  http://www.cosmos-club.org/journals/1998/stein.html.(no longer accessible)  Richard M. Management? Strassberg and rogers on becoming, Roberto M. Braceras, “Corrruptly Persuading’ The Obstruction of Justice, WHITE-COLLAR CRIME REPORTER, Vol. 16, No. 5, May 2002.  http://www.forbes.com/markets/2004/05/13/cx_tm_0513video3.html.(no longer accessible)
 Id. (citations omitted).  United States v. Aguilar , 515 U.S. 593, 599 (1995) ( citations omitted ).  See Jonathan D. To Arms Essay Questions? Polkes, White Collar Crime , New York Law Journal, July 7, 2003.  18 U.S.C., Sec. 1519 (2004).  148 CONG. Carl On Becoming A Person Essay? REC. S7418 (daily ed. July 26, 2002) (statement of Sen. Leahy).
 United States v. Gaudrin, 515 U.S. 506, 509 (1995).  http://www.davidconn.com/false_statements.html.(no longer accessible) Linnea B. Essay Contest? McCord, JD, MBA,, Associate Professor of Business Law at rogers on becoming a person essay, the Graziadio School of Business and Management, Pepperdine University. Dr. McCord started teaching business law and ethics more than 30 years ago, first as an to arms essay questions, in-house corporate counsel and later as the General Counsel of a division that was part of a high-tech Fortune 500 multinational corporation, headquartered in New York and carl essay, Paris.
Her area of expertise is the literature review on online critical role Rule of Law plays in carl on becoming essay the long-term success of economies and of care essay, countries and why American Rule of Law is unique in the world. The opinions expressed are solely those of the rogers a person essay authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Graziadio School of Business and Management nor Pepperdine University.