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bernanke essays At the Conference to Honor Milton Friedman, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. November 8, 2002. On Milton Friedman's Ninetieth Birthday. I can think of no greater honor than being invited to speak on the occasion of Milton Friedman's ninetieth birthday. Among economic scholars, Friedman has no peer. His seminal contributions to economics are legion, including his development of the permanent-income theory of consumer spending, his paradigm-shifting research in monetary economics, and his stimulating and original essays on economic history and methodology. Generations of graduate students, at nobel the University of Chicago and essays punishment us elsewhere, have benefited from his insight; and many of these intellectual children and grandchildren continue to this day to extend the nobel prize, sway of Friedman's ideas in ucsd, economics.
What is more, Milton Friedman's influence on broader public opinion, exercised through his popular writings, speaking, and television appearances, has been at least as important and enduring as his impact on prize, academic thought. In his humane and engaging way, Milton Friedman has conveyed to step by step paper, millions an understanding of the economic benefits of free, competitive markets, as well as the close connection that economic freedoms such as property rights and prize freedom of contract bear to other types of liberty. Today I'd like to honor Milton Friedman by and children talking about one of his greatest contributions to economics, made in close collaboration with his distinguished coauthor, Anna J. Schwartz. This achievement is nothing less than to provide what has become the leading and most persuasive explanation of the worst economic disaster in American history, the onset of the Great Depression--or, as Friedman and Schwartz dubbed it, the Great Contraction of 1929-33. Remarkably, Friedman and Schwartz did not set out to solve this complex and important problem specifically but rather addressed it as part of a larger project, their magisterial monetary history of the United States (Friedman and Schwartz, 1963). As a personal aside, I note that I first read A Monetary History of the United States early in my graduate school years at M.I.T. I was hooked, and I have been a student of monetary economics and economic history ever since. 1 I think many others have had that experience, with the result that the direct and indirect influences of the Monetary History on contemporary monetary economics would be difficult to overstate. As everyone here knows, in their Monetary History Friedman and Schwartz made the case that the prize speech, economic collapse of step, 1929-33 was the product of the nation's monetary mechanism gone wrong. Contradicting the speech, received wisdom at the time that they wrote, which held that money was a passive player in the events of the 1930s, Friedman and Schwartz argued that the contraction is in food, fact a tragic testimonial to nobel prize, the importance of monetary forces [p. Study Examples? 300; all page references refer to Friedman and Schwartz, 1963].
Friedman and Schwartz's account of the Great Contraction is impressive in its erudition and development of historical detail, including the use of many previously untapped primary sources. But what is most important about the work, and prize speech the reason that the book is as influential today as ever, is the authors' subtle use of history to step building paper, disentangle complicated skeins of cause and effect--to solve what economists call the speech, identification problem . A statistician studying data from the Great Depression would notice the basic fact that the money stock, output, and prices in business, the United States went down together in 1929 through 1933 and up together in subsequent years. But these correlations cannot answer the crucial questions: What is causing what? Are changes in speech, the money stock largely causing changes in prices and output, as Friedman and Schwartz were to conclude? Or, instead, is the stock of on capital punishment in the, money reacting passively to changes in prize, the state of economy? Or is there yet some other, unmeasured factor that is affecting all three variables? The special genius of the Monetary History is the authors' use of what some today would call natural experiments--in this context, episodes in by step a research paper, which money moves for reasons that are plausibly unrelated to the current state of the economy. By locating such episodes, then observing what subsequently occurred in the economy, Friedman and Schwartz laboriously built the case that the causality can be interpreted as running (mostly) from money to output and prize speech prices, so that the Great Depression can reasonably be described as having been caused by monetary forces.
Of course, natural experiments are never perfectly controlled, so that no single natural experiment can be viewed as dispositive--hence the importance of Friedman and Schwartz's historical analysis, which adduces a wide variety of such episodes and comparisons in support of their case. I think the most useful thing I can do in the remainder of my talk today is to for writing numbers essay, remind you of the genius of the Friedman-Schwartz methodology by reviewing some of their main examples and describing how they have held up in subsequent research. Four Monetary Policy Episodes. Nobel Speech? To reiterate, at the heart of Friedman and Schwartz's identification strategy is the examination of historical periods in the attempt to honors ucsd, identify changes in the money stock or in monetary policy that occurred for reasons largely unrelated to the contemporaneous behavior of output and prices. To the extent that these monetary changes can reasonably be construed as exogenous, one can interpret the response of the economy to nobel speech, the changes as reflecting cause and effect--particularly if a similar pattern is found again and again. For the early Depression era, Friedman and Schwartz identified at least four distinct episodes that seem to essays on capital in the us, meet these criteria. Three are tightenings of policy; one is nobel prize speech a loosening. In each case, the economy responded in the way that the monetary theory of the food essay, Great Depression would predict. I will discuss each of these episodes briefly, both because they nicely illustrate the Friedman-Schwartz method and because they are interesting in themselves. The first episode analyzed by Friedman and nobel Schwartz was the deliberate tightening of monetary policy that began in the spring of 1928 and continued until the stock market crash of October 1929. Building A Research Paper? This policy tightening occurred in conditions that we would not today normally consider conducive to tighter money: As Friedman and Schwartz noted, the business-cycle trough had only just been reached at the end of 1927 (the NBER's official trough date is November 1927), commodity prices were declining, and there was not the slightest hint of inflation.
2 Why then did the Federal Reserve tighten in early 1928? A principal reason was the Board's ongoing concern about speculation on nobel prize speech, Wall Street. The Federal Reserve had long made the distinction between productive and speculative uses of credit, and punishment the rising stock market and the associated increases in bank loans to brokers were thus a major concern. 3 Benjamin Strong, the influential Governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and a key protagonist in Friedman and Schwartz's narrative, had strong reservations about using monetary policy to try to prize, arrest the stock market boom. Unfortunately, Strong was afflicted by chronic tuberculosis; his health was declining severely in 1928 (he died in October) and, with it, his influence in the Federal Reserve System. Numbers In An Essay? The antispeculative policy tightening of 1928-29 was affected to some degree by the developing feud between Strong's successor at the New York Fed, George Harrison, and speech members of the Federal Reserve Board in Washington. In particular, the two sides disagreed on the best method for senior honors thesis ucsd restraining brokers' loans: The Board favored so-called direct action, essentially a program of moral suasion, while Harrison thought that only increases in the discount rate (that is, the policy rate) would be effective. This debate was resolved in prize speech, Harrison's favor in catholic important, 1929, and direct action was dropped in favor of nobel prize speech, a further rate increase. Despite this sideshow and its effects on the timing of policy actions, it would be incorrect to infer that monetary policy was not tight during the dispute between Washington and New York.
As Friedman and and children essay Schwartz noted (p. 289), by July , the discount rate had been raised in New York to 5 per cent, the highest since 1921, and prize speech the System's holdings of government securities had been reduced to step a research, a level of over $600 million at the end of 1927 to $210 million by prize speech August 1928, despite an senior honors outflow of gold. Hence this period represents a tightening in monetary policy not related to the current state of output and prices--a monetary policy innovation, in today's statistical jargon. Moreover, Friedman and nobel Schwartz went on to point out that this tightening of policy was followed by falling prices and weaker economic activity: During the senior ucsd, two months from the cyclical peak in August 1929 to the crash, production, wholesale prices, and nobel speech personal income fell at annual rates of by step, 20 per cent, 7-1/2 per cent, and 5 per cent, respectively. Of course, once the crash occurred in October--the result, many students of the period have surmised, of a slowing economy as much as any fundamental overvaluation--the economic decline became even more precipitous. Incidentally, the prize speech, case that money was quite tight as early as the spring of 1928 has been strengthened by essays on capital punishment in the us the subsequent work of James Hamilton (1987). Nobel Prize Speech? Hamilton showed that the Fed's desire to slow outflows of U.S. gold to food, France--which under the leadership of Henri Poincar had recently stabilized its economy, thereby attracting massive flows of gold from abroad--further tightened U.S. monetary policy. The next episode studied by Friedman and Schwartz, another tightening, occurred in September 1931, following the sterling crisis.
In that month, a wave of speculative attacks on the pound forced Great Britain to leave the gold standard. Anticipating that the speech, United States might be the next to leave gold, speculators turned their attention from the pound to the dollar. Central banks and private investors converted a substantial quantity of dollar assets to gold in September and October of 1931. The resulting outflow of essays on capital, gold reserves (an external drain) also put pressure on the U.S. banking system (an internal drain), as foreigners liquidated dollar deposits and domestic depositors withdrew cash in anticipation of additional bank failures. Conventional and long-established central banking practice would have mandated responses to both the external and internal drains, but the speech, Federal Reserve--by this point having forsworn any responsibility for the U.S. banking system, as I will discuss later--decided to respond only to the external drain. And Children? As Friedman and Schwarz wrote, The Federal Reserve System reacted vigorously and promptly to the external drain. . . Prize Speech? . On October 9 , the Reserve Bank of essay, New York raised its rediscount rate to nobel prize speech, 2-1/2 per cent, and on for writing numbers in an essay, October 16, to 3-1/2 per cent--the sharpest rise within so brief a period in the whole history of the System, before or since (p. 317).
This action stemmed the outflow of gold but contributed to what Friedman and Schwartz called a spectacular increase in bank failures and bank runs, with 522 commercial banks closing their doors in October alone. The policy tightening and the ongoing collapse of the nobel prize speech, banking system caused the essays on capital, money supply to fall precipitously, and the declines in prize speech, output and prices became even more virulent. Again, the logic is that a monetary policy change related to objectives other than the domestic economy--in this case, defense of the dollar against external attack--were followed by changes in domestic output and prices in the predicted direction. One might object that the two experiments described so far were both episodes of monetary contraction. Hence, although they suggest that declining output and prices followed these tight-money policies, the evidence is perhaps not entirely persuasive. The possibility remains that the Great Depression occurred for rule numbers in an other reasons and that the contractionary monetary policies merely coincided with (or perhaps, slightly worsened) the ongoing declines in speech, the economy. Essays Punishment Us? Hence it is particularly interesting that the third episode studied by nobel prize Friedman and Schwartz is an step building expansionary episode. This third episode occurred in April 1932, when the Congress began to exert considerable pressure on prize speech, the Fed to ease monetary policy, in particular, to conduct large-scale open-market purchases of securities. Catholic? The Board was quite reluctant; but between April and June 1932, it did authorize substantial purchases. This infusion of liquidity appreciably slowed the prize speech, decline in case, the stock of money and significantly brought down yields on government bonds, corporate bonds, and commercial paper.
Most interesting, as Friedman and Schwartz noted (p. Nobel? 324), [t]he tapering off of the decline in the stock of money and the beginning of the purchase program were followed shortly by an equally notable change in the general economic indicator. . . . Wholesale prices started rising in July, production in August. Personal income continued to fall but at a much reduced rate. Factory employment, railroad ton-miles, and essays on capital in the numerous other indicators of physical activity tell a similar story. All in all, as in early 1931, the data again have many of the earmarks of a cyclical revival. . . Prize? . Burns and Mitchell (1946), although dating the trough in March 1933, refer to the period as an example of by step, a 'double bottom.' Unfortunately, although a few Fed officials supported the open-market purchase program, notably George Harrison at the New York Fed, most did not consider the policy to be appropriate. In particular, as argued by several modern scholars, they took the mistaken view that low nominal interest rates were indicative of monetary ease. Nobel? Hence, when the Congress adjourned on July 16, 1932, the System essentially ended the program.
By the step, latter part of the nobel speech, year, the business analysis case study examples, economy had relapsed dramatically. The final episode studied by Friedman and nobel Schwartz, again contractionary in impact, occurred in business analysis case study, the period from nobel prize January 1933 to the banking holiday in March. This time the exogenous factor might be taken to be the long lag mandated by the Constitution between the election and the inauguration of a new U.S. President. Franklin D. Roosevelt, elected in November 1932, was not to business analysis case examples, take office until March 1933. In the interim, of course, considerable speculation circulated about the new President's likely policies; the uncertainty was increased by the President-elect's refusal to nobel prize, make definite policy statements or to endorse actions proposed by the increasingly frustrated President Hoover. However, from the President-elect's campaign statements and known propensities, many inferred (correctly) that Roosevelt might devalue the dollar or even break the link with gold entirely. Fearing the resulting capital losses, both domestic and foreign investors began to case, convert dollars to gold, putting pressure on nobel, both the banking system and the gold reserves of the by step, Federal Reserve System. Bank failures and nobel speech the Fed's defensive measures against the gold drain further reduced the stock of money. The economy took its deepest plunge between November 1932 and March 1933, once more confirming the temporal sequence predicted by the monetary hypothesis.
Once Roosevelt was sworn in, his declaration of a national bank holiday and, subsequently, his cutting the link between the dollar and paper gold initiated the expansion of money, prices, and output. It is an interesting but not uncommon phenomenon in economics that the expectation of a devaluation can be highly destabilizing but that the devaluation itself can be beneficial. These four episodes might be considered as time series examples of Friedman and Schwartz's evidence for the role of monetary forces in the Depression. They are not the entirety of the evidence, however. Friedman and Schwartz also introduced cross-sectional--that is, cross-country--evidence as well.
This cross-sectional evidence is prize based on differences in exchange-rate regimes across countries in the 1930s. The Gold Standard and the International Depression. Although the Monetary History focuses by design on events in the United States, some of its most compelling insights come from cross-sectional evidence. Anticipating a large academic literature of the junk essay, 1980s and 1990s, Friedman and speech Schwartz recognized in 1963 that a comparison of the and children essay, economic performances in prize speech, the 1930s of countries with different monetary regimes could also serve as a test for their monetary hypothesis. Facilitating the cross-sectional natural experiment was the fact that the international gold standard, which had been suspended during World War I, was laboriously rebuilt during the 1920s (in a somewhat modified form called the gold-exchange standard). Countries that adhered to the international gold standard were essentially required to maintain a fixed exchange rate with other gold-standard countries. Moreover, because the United States was the dominant economy on by step building a research paper, the gold standard during this period (with some competition from France), countries adhering to the gold standard were forced to match the nobel speech, contractionary monetary policies and price deflation being experienced in the United States. Importantly for identification purposes, however, the gold standard was not adhered to uniformly as the Depression proceeded. A few countries for rule essay historical or political reasons never joined the gold standard. Nobel? Others were forced off early, because of factors such as internal politics, weak domestic banking conditions, and the local influence of competing economic doctrines. Other countries, notably France and the other members of the so-called Gold Bloc, had a strong ideological commitment to gold and therefore remained on essays punishment, the gold standard as long as possible.
Friedman and Schwartz's insight was that, if monetary contraction was in fact the source of economic depression, then countries tightly constrained by the gold standard to follow the United States into deflation should have suffered relatively more severe economic downturns. Although not conducting a formal statistical analysis, Friedman and Schwartz gave a number of salient examples to show that the more tightly constrained a country was by the gold standard (and, by default, the more closely bound to prize, follow U.S. monetary policies), the more severe were both its monetary contraction and its declines in prices and in an essay output. One can read their discussion as dividing countries into four categories. The first category consisted of countries that did not adhere to nobel, the gold standard at all or perhaps adhered only very briefly. For Writing Numbers Essay? The example cited by Friedman and Schwartz was China. As they wrote (p. 361), China was on a silver rather than a gold standard.
As a result, it had the equivalent of a floating exchange rate with respect to gold-standard countries. A decline in the gold price of silver had the nobel prize speech, same effect as a depreciation in the foreign exchange value of the Chinese yuan. The effect was to insulate Chinese internal economic conditions from the worldwide depression. . . . For Writing Essay? And that is what happened. From 1929 to 1931, China was hardly affected internally by the holocaust that was sweeping the gold-standard world, just as in prize, 1920-21, Germany had been insulated by her hyperinflation and associated floating exchange rate. Rule For Writing Numbers? Subsequent research (for example, Choudhri and nobel speech Kochin, 1980) has identified other countries that, like China, did not adhere to the gold standard and hence escaped the worst of the Depression. Two examples are Spain, where the internal instability that ultimately led to the Spanish Civil War prevented the analysis study examples, country from re-adopting the gold standard in the 1920s, and Japan, which was forced from the gold standard after being on it for nobel prize speech only a matter of months. The Depression in Spain was quite mild, and Japan experienced a powerful recovery almost immediately after abandoning its short-lived experiment with gold. The second category consisted of countries that had restored the gold standard in the 1920s but abandoned it early in step by step building a research, the Depression, typically in the fall of 1931. As Friedman and Schwartz observed (p. 362), the first major country to leave the gold standard was Great Britain, which was forced off gold in September 1931. Several trading partners, among them the Scandinavian countries, followed Britain's lead almost immediately.
The effect of leaving gold was to nobel prize, free domestic monetary policy and to step paper, stop the monetary contraction. What was the consequence of this relaxed pressure on the money stock? Friedman and Schwartz noted (p. 362) that [t]he trough of the depression in Britain and nobel speech the other countries that accompanied Britain in leaving gold was reached in rule for writing essay, the third quarter of 1932. Prize? [In contrast, i]n the countries that remained on numbers in an essay, the gold standard or, like Canada, that went only speech, part way with Britain, the Depression dragged on. Third were countries that remained on gold but had ample reserves or were attracting gold inflows. The key example was France (see p. Essays On Capital In The? 362), the nobel, leader of the Gold Bloc. After its stabilization in 1928, France attracted gold reserves well out of essays on capital punishment, proportion to the size of its economy.
France's gold inflows allowed it to maintain its money supply and avoid a serious downturn until 1932. However, at that point, France's liquidation of non-gold foreign exchange reserves and its banking problems began to offset the continuing gold inflows, reducing the French money stock. A serious deflation and declines in output began in France, which, as Friedman and Schwartz pointed out, did not reach its trough until April 1935, much later than Great Britain and other countries that left gold early. Fourth, and perhaps the worst hit, were countries that rejoined the gold standard but had very low gold reserves and banking systems seriously weakened by World War I and the ensuing hyperinflations. Friedman and Schwartz mention Austria, Germany, Hungary, and Romania as examples of this category (p. 361). These countries suffered not only deflation but also extensive banking and financial crises, making their plunge into depression particularly precipitous. The powerful identification achieved by this categorization of countries by Friedman and Schwartz is nobel prize speech worth reemphasizing. If the Depression had been the product primarily of nonmonetary forces, such as changes in autonomous spending or in productivity, then the on capital, nominal exchange rate regime chosen by each country would have been largely irrelevant.
The close connection among countries' exchange rate regimes, their monetary policies, and nobel prize the behavior of domestic prices and output, is strong evidence for step the proposition that monetary forces played a central role not just in the U.S. depression but in the world as a whole. Prize? Of course, those familiar with more recent work on the Great Depression will recognize that Friedman and ucsd Schwartz's idea of categorizing countries by exchange rate regime has been widely extended by subsequent researchers. Nobel? Notably, in the paper that revived Friedman and Schwartz's temporarily dormant insight, Choudhri and Kochin (1980) considered the examples, relative performances of Spain (which, as mentioned, did not adopt the nobel, gold standard), three Scandinavian countries (which left gold with Great Britain in September 1931), and four countries that remained part of the food essay, French-led Gold Bloc (the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, and Poland). They found that the countries that remained on gold suffered much more severe contractions in output and prices than the countries leaving gold. In a highly influential paper, Eichengreen and Sachs (1985) examined a number of key macro variables for ten major countries over 1929-35, finding that countries that left gold earlier also recovered earlier. Bernanke and prize James (1991) confirmed the findings of Eichengreen and Sachs for a broader sample of twenty-four (mostly industrialized) countries (see also Bernanke and Carey, 1996), and Campa (1990) did the same for a sample of Latin American countries. Bernanke (1995) showed that not only did adherence to the gold standard predict deeper and more extended depression, as had been noted by earlier authors, but also that the behavior of building a research, various key macro variables, such as real wages and real interest rates, differed across gold-standard and non-gold-standard countries in just the way one would expect if the driving shocks were monetary in nature. The most detailed narrative discussion of how the gold standard propagated the nobel prize speech, Depression around the world is, of course, the rule essay, influential book by Eichengreen (1992). Eichengreen (2002) reviews the conclusions of his book and concludes largely that they are quite compatible with the Friedman and Schwartz approach.
The Role of Bank Failures. Yet another striking feature of the Great Contraction in the United States was the massive extent of banking panics and failures, culminating in the Bank Holiday of March 1933, in which the entire U.S. banking system was shut down. During the prize, Depression decade, something close to food, half of all U.S. commercial banks either failed or merged with other banks. Friedman and Schwartz take the unusually severe and protracted U.S. banking panic as yet another opportunity to apply their identification methodology. Their argument, in short, is prize that under institutional arrangements that existed before the establishment of the Federal Reserve, bank failures of the scale of for writing numbers in an essay, those in 1929-33 would not have occurred, even in an economic downturn as severe as that in the Depression. For doctrinal and institutional reasons to be detailed in a moment, however, the extraordinary spate of nobel prize, bank failures did occur and led in turn to the massive extinction of bank deposits and an abnormally large decline in the stock of money. Because the decline in money induced by bank panics would not have occurred under previous regimes, Friedman and Schwartz argued, it can be treated as partially exogenous and honors thus a potential cause of the nobel speech, extraordinary declines in output and prices that followed. Before the creation of the Federal Reserve, Friedman and Schwartz noted, bank panics were typically handled by banks themselves--for example, through urban consortiums of private banks called clearinghouses. If a run on one or more banks in a city began, the clearinghouse might declare a suspension of payments, meaning that, temporarily, deposits would not be convertible into cash. Business Case Examples? Larger, stronger banks would then take the lead, first, in speech, determining that the banks under attack were in fact fundamentally solvent, and second, in by step, lending cash to those banks that needed to nobel prize, meet withdrawals. Though not an entirely satisfactory solution--the suspension of payments for several weeks was a significant hardship for the public--the system of suspension of payments usually prevented local banking panics from essays on capital punishment in the spreading or persisting (Gorton and Mullineaux, 1987).
Large, solvent banks had an incentive to participate in curing panics because they knew that an unchecked panic might ultimately threaten their own deposits. It was in large part to improve the management of banking panics that the Federal Reserve was created in 1913. However, as Friedman and Schwartz discuss in some detail, in the early 1930s the Federal Reserve did not serve that function. Nobel Prize Speech? The problem within the Fed was largely doctrinal: Fed officials appeared to subscribe to Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon's infamous 'liquidationist' thesis, that weeding out weak banks was a harsh but necessary prerequisite to the recovery of the thesis ucsd, banking system. Moreover, most of the failing banks were small banks (as opposed to what we would now call money-center banks) and not members of the Federal Reserve System. Nobel? Thus the Fed saw no particular need to education important me essay, try to stem the panics. At the same time, the large banks--which would have intervened before the founding of the Fed--felt that protecting their smaller brethren was no longer their responsibility.
Indeed, since the large banks felt confident that the Fed would protect them if necessary, the weeding out of small competitors was a positive good, from their point of nobel prize, view. Rule For Writing? In short, according to Friedman and Schwartz, because of institutional changes and misguided doctrines, the nobel prize, banking panics of the Great Contraction were much more severe and widespread than would have normally occurred during a downturn. Education Important Me Essay? Bank failures and nobel prize speech depositor withdrawals greatly reduced the and children, quantity of nobel speech, bank deposits, consequently reducing the money supply. The result, they argued, was greater deflation and output decline than would have otherwise occurred. A couple of objections can be raised to the Friedman-Schwartz inference. One logical possibility is by step building paper that the extraordinary rate of bank failure of the 1930s, rather than causing the subsequent declines in prize, output and essays punishment in the us prices, occurred because depositors and others anticipated the collapse of the economy--that is, that the banking panics were endogenous to nobel prize, the expected state of the economy. Friedman and Schwartz's institutional arguments persuade me that this is unlikely. If previous arrangements had been in place, bank panics would not have been allowed to progress to the degree they did, independent of the severity of the downturn. Moreover, I don't find it plausible that, in 1930 and 1931, depositors and thesis bankers fully anticipated the severity of the nobel prize speech, downturn still to come. A second possibility is that banking panics contributed to the collapse of output and prices through nonmonetary mechanisms. My own early work (Bernanke, 1983) argued that the effective closing down of the banking system might have had an adverse impact by creating impediments to the normal intermediation of credit, as well as by reducing the quantity of transactions media.
Friedman and Schwartz anticipated this argument and adduced as contrary evidence a comparison of the United States and food and children essay Canada (p. 352). Speech? They pointed out that (1) Canada's monetary policy was tied to that of the United States by a fixed exchange rate; (2) Canada had no significant bank failures; but (3) Canada's output declines were as severe as those of the United States. Friedman and Schwartz concluded that Canada's economy declined because of its enforced monetary contraction--whether that monetary contraction took place through bank failures or was enforced by the exchange-rate regime was immaterial. I would argue that Canada, both being a commodity exporter and for writing numbers essay being unusually highly integrated with the United States, may not have been fully representative of the experience of all countries in nobel speech, the 1930s. For example, in Bernanke (1995, table 3), I showed using a sample of twenty-six countries that, with the business case examples, exchange-rate regime held constant, countries suffering severe banking panics had subsequent declines in output that were significantly worse than those in countries with stable banking systems. This result supports the possibility of an additional, nonmonetary channel for bank failures. At the same time, my results were also strongly supportive of the view that adherence to the gold standard, and nobel prize the associated monetary contraction, was of first-order importance in explaining which countries suffered severe depressions.
Thus, as I have always tried to make clear, my argument for nonmonetary influences of by step building a research paper, bank failures is simply an nobel prize embellishment of the Friedman-Schwartz story; it in no way contradicts the basic logic of their analysis. Benjamin Strong and the Leadership Vacuum. Finally, what is probably Friedman and Schwartz's most controversial natural experiment stems from the premature death, in 1928, of America's preeminent central banker, Benjamin Strong. Strong, who was Governor of the analysis examples, Federal Reserve Bank of prize speech, New York and the de facto equivalent to a Fed Chairman today, had led the Federal Reserve throughout the 1920s. Aptly named, he had a strong personality and was a brilliant central banker. Quite plausibly, his personality and skills created a leadership position within a Federal Reserve System that--as suggested by its name--was intended by the Congress to be a relatively decentralized institution.
After Strong's death, as Friedman and Schwartz describe in useful detail, the Federal Reserve no longer had an effective leader or even a well-established chain of command. Members of the Board in Washington, jealous of the traditional powers of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, strove for greater influence; and Strong's successor, George Harrison, did not have the experience or personality to stop them. Regional banks also began to assert themselves more. Thus, power became diffused; worse, what power there was accrued to men who did not understand central banking from senior honors a national and international point of prize, view, as Strong had. The leadership vacuum and business analysis examples the generally low level of central banking expertise in the Federal Reserve System was a major problem that led to excessive passivity and many poor decisions by the Fed in nobel speech, the years after Strong's death.
Friedman and Schwartz argued in their book that if Strong had lived, many of the mistakes of the Great Depression would have been avoided. This proposition has been highly controversial and has led to detailed examinations of analysis case study, what Strong's views really were on various matters of monetary policymaking. This counterfactual debate somewhat misses the nobel prize speech, point, in my opinion. Rule For Writing Essay? We don't know what would have happened had Strong lived; but what we do know is nobel that the rule for writing numbers in an, central bank of the world's economically most important nation in 1929 was essentially leaderless and prize lacking in expertise. Food And Children? This situation led to decisions, or nondecisions, which might well not have occurred under either better leadership or a more centralized institutional structure. And associated with these decisions, we observe a massive collapse of money, prices, and output. Thus, it seems to me that the death of Strong does qualify as one more natural experiment with which to try to identify the effects of monetary forces in speech, the Great Depression. The brilliance of Friedman and Schwartz's work on senior honors ucsd, the Great Depression is not simply the nobel prize, texture of the discussion or the coherence of the point of view.
Their work was among the first to use history to address seriously the issues of junk essay, cause and effect in a complex economic system, the problem of identification. Perhaps no single one of speech, their natural experiments alone is convincing; but together, and enhanced by step building a research paper the subsequent research of dozens of scholars, they make a powerful case indeed. For practical central bankers, among which I now count myself, Friedman and Schwartz's analysis leaves many lessons. What I take from their work is the idea that monetary forces, particularly if unleashed in a destabilizing direction, can be extremely powerful. The best thing that central bankers can do for the world is to avoid such crises by providing the economy with, in Milton Friedman's words, a stable monetary background--for example as reflected in low and stable inflation. Nobel Prize Speech? Let me end my talk by abusing slightly my status as an official representative of the Federal Reserve. I would like to say to Milton and Anna: Regarding the Great Depression. You're right, we did it. We're very sorry. But thanks to you, we won't do it again.
Best wishes for your next ninety years. 1. Accordingly, I hope the reader will forgive the many references to my own work in the list of references below. They arise because much of my own research has followed up leads from the Friedman-Schwartz agenda. Return to essays punishment us, text. 2. However, as Athanasios Orphanides pointed out to prize, me, by 1929 the rate of business case, output growth was strong, which may have provided additional motivation for a tightening. Return to text. 3. Apparently the Board was not entirely clear on the point that funds used to purchase stock are not made unavailable for productive use. Of course, as stock sales are merely transfers of existing assets, funds used to purchase stock are not dissipated but only transferred from one person to another.
Return to text. Nobel Speech? Bernanke, Ben, Non-Monetary Effects of the Financial Crisis in the Propagation of the Great Depression, American Economic Review , 1983, 257-76. Bernanke, Ben, The Macroeconomics of the Great Depression: A Comparative Approach, Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking , 1995, 1-28. Senior Honors Thesis? Bernanke, Ben, and nobel prize Kevin Carey, Nominal Wage Stickiness and Aggregate Supply in the Great Depression, Quarterly Journal of Economics , 1996, 853-83. Bernanke, Ben, and on capital punishment us Harold James, The Gold Standard, Deflation, and Financial Crisis in the Great Depression: An International Comparison, in R. Glenn Hubbard, Financial Markets and Financial Crises , Chicago: University of Chicago Press for prize NBER, 1991. Burns, Arthur F. and Wesley C. Mitchell, Measuring Business Cycles , New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1946.
Campa, Jose Manuel, Exchange Rates and Economic Recovery in the 1930s: An Extension to Latin America, Journal of Economic History , 1990, 6177-82. Choudhri, Ehsan, and Levis Kochin, The Exchange Rate and the International Transmission of Business Cycles: Some Evidence from the Great Depression, Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking , 1980, 565-74. Eichengreen, Barry, Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression , 1919-1939, New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. Eichengreen, Barry, Still Fettered after All These Years, National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 9276, October 2002. Eichengreen, Barry, and Jeffrey Sachs, Exchange Rates and junk food and children Economic Recovery in the 1930s, Journal of Economic History , 1985, 925-46. Friedman, Milton and Anna J. Schwartz, A Monetary History of the United States, 1863-1960 , Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1963.
Gorton, Gary, and Donald J. Mullineaux, The Joint Production of Confidence: Endogenous Regulation and Nineteenth-Century Commercial Bank Clearinghouses, Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking, 1987 , 457-68. Hamilton, James D., Monetary Factors in the Great Depression, Journal of Monetary Economics , 1987, 145-69.
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My Best Teacher Essays and Research Papers. ? Kerryn-Danyea Freeman AP World History Book: Lies my teacher told me, everything your American history . textbook got wrong Author: James W. Loewen During my period of time that I had to prize read this very persuasive book into believing that you’re casual every day period of History class is basically nothing but a waste of business examples time if not taught in the correct context. Which would include the good, the bad, and nobel prize speech the all in between of the subject. American Civil War , Historiography , History 1430 Words | 5 Pages. My Best Friend’s Wedding Courtney-Anthony-Br English 225 Introduction to business analysis Film Instructor: Hazar Shehadeh May 9, 2013 . Prize Speech! “ My Best Friend’s Wedding” is a romantic comedy that hit the senior honors movie scene in 1997 about speech, a 27 year old woman who made a pact with her best friend and former lover that by age 28 if neither was married that they would marry each other. Four days before her 28th birthday her best friend calls with news of him getting married. Now she has to decipher whether she wants to food and children essay be.
Dermot Mulroney , English-language films , Film 2475 Words | 6 Pages. his conversations with the dead a reminder of nobel prize speech both death's immanence and of the importance of having no fear of this. Captain Cat relishes in life, . surrounding himself with the things he loves, shown in his seashelled, ship-in bottled, shipshape best cabin of schooner house. Captain Cat, despite being both retired and building paper blind, has no fear of time nor death, being able to nobel prize speech identify with both the young and business analysis study examples the long drowned. Nobel! The captain's dreams of the senior honors dead suggest that he has lived a long and full. Best of My Love , Conversation , Death 984 Words | 3 Pages. Klaus Kinski: Psychological Profile. Klaus Kinski Klaus Kinski, originally born Nikolaus Gunther Nakszynski, was a famous German actor, whom was active from 1948 to 1989. He was . Nobel! best known for his eccentric, fanatical behavior and creative partnership with renowned German director, Werner Herzog, with whom he collaborated with on multiple films. Catholic Education! Kinski was born on October 18, 1926 in nobel, Zoppot, Free City of Danzig (now Sopot, Poland), and business analysis examples died of a massive heart attack on November 23, 1991 in speech, Langunitas, California. Early Life . Antisocial personality disorder , Bipolar disorder , Borderline personality disorder 2212 Words | 6 Pages.
?Far from verity After taking time reading this eye opening novel “Lies My Teacher Told Me” written by Dr. James W. Loewen, the . book has open my mind to step American History and the reality of everyday life, for example on the topics of Helen Keller, the unbelievable truth of Woodrow Wilson, the exploration of Christopher Columbus, and the inverse truth of prize speech heroes and sheroes. Analysis Case Examples! To begin with, in textbooks I have read, Woodrow Wilson was seemed as one of the most important man and promising to the blacks. Bankruptcy in the United States , Historiography , History 2892 Words | 10 Pages. My Best teacher In this article Gossman gives a brief introduction on where the nobel speech research has stemmed from. TES . has had an article published each week providing data about what it means to be a best teacher . The article explores who pasrtiicpants believe to be their best teachers highlighting their reasons for selection. Gossman indicates there research question is broad.
Broad questions allow respondents to give as much as information they would like which helps researchers gain a clearer. Data analysis , Focus group , Qualitative research 827 Words | 3 Pages. Three Things I Want to Do Before I Die. America, meet the actress from desperate housewives which is American drama, and find someone whom I truly love. Firstly, I’m going to talk about why I . want to go South America. There’re two reasons to step by step support this. Prize! As a First reason, I want to meet my friends with whom I studied English in Toronto. Business Case! We still keep in touch. Nobel! Especially, I want to go Venezuela, Paraguay, Colombia, and Brazil, also I want to for writing numbers go Panama, and speech Dominica even though they aren’t South America. It’s difficult to education me essay go all of speech them.
American Broadcasting Company , Desperate Housewives , Dixie Carter 559 Words | 2 Pages. The Best Teacher There are many types of folks in this world and many types of teacher too. Therefore, . Business Analysis! there are many qualities that good teachers have and makes them to be the best teacher . Then Have you ever had the best teacher ? You might have had the one who is able to change his teaching methods, who is happy with his/her life, and nobel who can persist. This is the teacher who makes school lives of the student easier and make them to love school. The first category of the senior honors thesis best teachers.
Education , High school , History of nobel prize education 827 Words | 3 Pages. of town I was 7 years old when my family had a vacation in education important me essay, my mothers province, Cebu. Nobel Speech! It was in the middle of December when we . go there. We celebrate Christmas together with my family and business study relatives. It was very fun, because it’s my first time to meet my relatives there. Also there we celebrate my birthday at the same time New year. I experienced a lot in cebu, I ride a horse, cow and other animals in my lola’s farm which is one of the memorable moments in my entire life. I describe cebu as awesome. Ayumi Hamasaki , Education , Everytime 1429 Words | 4 Pages. My favorite teacher was scary and mean -- but only in the eyes of those who had never been in nobel, her classroom. Those of us who were . Honors! her students encouraged the rumors and bolstered our reputations for bravery, secure in the knowledge that she would protect and defend us with every ounce of her being, because we were her students.
What kind of teacher inspires such trust? The best kind! The other day a local newspaper columnist, the survivor of an nobel speech abusive childhood, wrote about catholic important, a teacher who had. Zero tolerance 706 Words | 3 Pages. Dear Mrs. Prize Speech! Jane: My name is senior honors ucsd, Jessica Smith, I was a 5th grade student of yours in during the 1996/1997 school year. At that time you may have . known me as Jessica Cuevas.
I am now in prize speech, college pursuing a career in teaching. Recently I have been asked to write a letter to my favorite teacher and important you were the first to pop in mind. Till this day I can think back and remember sitting in your class the first day of school, your desk and prize chalkboard outlined with your collection of catholic education me essay trolls! I knew right. Abuse , Education , Feeling 1129 Words | 4 Pages. ? Losing my Best Teacher Until now, I did not forget about the death of my . best teacher in high school in my country.
Losing my best teacher was a point that I was very sad because he was an excellent teacher . My best teacher a person that I incessantly respected, and nobel prize speech loved too much. Senior Honors Thesis Ucsd! His name was Mr. Prize! Hung. Junk Food And Children! He was my teacher Math. He always taught his force and nobel speech expected his students to understand and to be successful with Math, but his life was short. He died seven years ago when I was. Education , High school , Human 737 Words | 2 Pages. COMMON APP ESSAY TOPIC OF CHOICE: EXPERIENCE IS THE BEST TEACHER Daniel Guerrero My whole life I've been told . practice makes perfect. Whether it's in the tennis court or in math class, the more you practice something, the in an essay better you become at prize speech, it. In the last few years I've found out that practicing and doing is not the important same thing. Harry Callahan once said, _experience is the best teacher _ and without a doubt it is.
You can sit five hours taking a business class or 10 hours in prize speech, a tennis practice. Dominican Republic , Film , I Decided 1608 Words | 4 Pages. the thirteen years I spent in grade school preparing myself for college its hard to junk food pick out one teacher than I would consider . “ my best teacher .” There are always teachers that stand out for some reason or another, whether it maybe because of nobel their personality, field trips they go on, or all the business analysis study holiday party fun had in their class. However, the prize speech teacher that that I chose deserving of the food essay “ My Best Teacher ” award I still remember because of the prize care she showed to each of her students through her personality. Education , Elementary school , High school 686 Words | 2 Pages. Most people would define a good teacher as someone who makes their students excel academically and do well on their tests. I believe that’s . For Writing Numbers Essay! almost right, but a little off.
I believe that a good teacher doesn’t have one dimension but two. They not only make you excel, but they make you want to go to school. They care about the nobel student’s insecurities and food and children essay problems, and most importantly they are there to support you. My teacher is like that. Her name is speech, Ms. Young and business analysis study she’s changed the way I see. 2008 singles , College , Debut albums 459 Words | 2 Pages. The piano teacher . Prize Speech! Anastasia Cucu I sit now quietly in front of a grand piano in my cousin’s living room. Step By Step A Research! My cousin, Lana, is prize speech, speaking to me- she had me over for rule for writing numbers lunch to nobel discuss the junk food essay family- yet I am distracted by speech, the large instrument that takes up almost half the room. I can only on capital punishment in the assume the baby grand was once a shiny black, though because its keys have been played. Academy Award for Best Actress , Education , Ludwig van Beethoven 845 Words | 3 Pages.
friend in need is a friend indeed. This famous saying holds true. Prize! A true friend never sees only your good days and good deeds but he stands by education important, you even on . the nobel prize speech darkest day of your life. Ramu Rao studies in my class. We have been friends since class two. On many occasions when I would forget my lunch box at home, he has shared his tiffin with me.
Once when I nearly fought with the senior class bully he saved me. He thought that no good would come from prize bad actions and to get good things in life one must. Affection , Friendship , Homework 1063 Words | 3 Pages. A Teacher Who Influenced in essays on capital punishment in the us, My Life. is the type of teacher that has the ability to make his class not only exciting, but memorable. Having taught for over forty years, he is nobel speech, still . able to find the joy in teaching and by step paper remains as enthusiastic as ever about the topic he teaches. His excitement about the subjects rubs off the students and makes the class fun and easy to understand. Prize! Not only and children essay did I learn more in one quarter from his class than I learned in my first few years of high school, but I was able to improve in all my other classes. Certified teacher , Education , English-language films 1536 Words | 4 Pages. took up the implications of the term experience: Experience the Experience. 3wes rgg setaa  See also Experience Is The Best . Teacher I firmly stand behind the belief that “experience is the best teacher ”. All aspects of life can be taught, but to fully understand a situation I feel you need to experience it.
Examples where experience is the prize speech best teacher are: shooting a gun, sky diving, playing a musical instrument, driving a car, and becoming a parent. While someone can explain. A priori and a posteriori , Experience , Knowledge 1752 Words | 6 Pages. At every point of my life, I have two types of essays on capital punishment in the education. Schools offer me the prize basic knowledge of how to make a living, and the other is . my father who teaches me how to live. I once questioned myself about the importance of education in school, five minutes later there were a list of things on my mind ..having new friends, learn how to do the Maths, learn Thai history, learn English and .well, learn how to sing national anthem correctly. I totally agree that those things as mentioned are important. College , Cram school , Education 660 Words | 2 Pages.
My best teacher During my school life, I have come across several teachers . . None has impressed me so much as our English Teacher . Courtesy requires that I don't give his real name here. For convenience, I shall call him Mr. Leo. Mr. Leo has been teaching me English for the last two years. He is a very lovable person, soft spoken and good mannered.
He is business case study, not a giant in his stature but it is very well made up by nobel prize, his intellectual attainments. He used to come, neatly dressed. There may not. Debut albums , Drama , Education 384 Words | 2 Pages. mental picture in words. Catholic Education Me Essay! Some types of figurative language are the following: Simile: a direct comparison of two things, usually employing the words . like or as. “He watches from nobel speech his mountain walls, And like a thunderbolt he falls.” (Tennyson) “ My heart is education, like an apple tree whose boughs are bent with thickest fruit.” (Christina Rosseti) Other examples: clouds like fluffy balls of cotton; snowflakes like soft white feathers; a motor purring like a kitten; a lawn like a green carpet; thin as a. Figure of speech , Jane Austen , Literal 653 Words | 3 Pages.
? My best friend Sam I go to a school in Sydney, we were sitting in class my friend came to me saying “rami do you . want to go for a smoke at lunch”, I looked at him with anger and didn’t reply he then went and sat back down in his chair. When the lunch bell rang Sam pulled out a bottle I thought he would of taken a drink but it was empty he told me to follow him so we went towards the back gate he sat down on the floor he got a small piece of hose out, I would of never thought Sam would be smoking. Bloods , Crime , Gang 1128 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction: Our class is taught by nobel prize speech, five teachers . They are all good and able. Step By Step Building! They love us. Nobel Speech! But My Favorite . teacher is Miss Alia. He is our English teacher . He is also in charge of our class. Examples! Description of His Personality and Dress: Miss Alia is a tall strong young man.
He has a well built body. He has a grand personality. His appearance is pleasing. Prize! He is always very neat and clean in business case study, his dress and person. He comes so clean-shaven to speech the school that sometimes we think he has no bread. Education , Lesson plan , School 500 Words | 2 Pages.
Teachers You’re the reason behind our succuss Because of you every year a new generation is build A generation which is ready 4 the . experience of junk food and children essay life and the experience of prize been responsible Here is your short paragraph on My Teacher ! I am being taught by many teachers in my school. A Research Paper! Every subject has a different teacher , my Math teacher . Speech! Lakshmi Ma’am joined us only this academic year. However we all like her. She teaches us very well and makes us understand all the sums. She has lots of. Certified teacher , Education , History of education 1626 Words | 4 Pages. My Great Teacher in Middle School. Draft1 My Great Teacher in Middle School I will never forget Mr.
Amado Escobar; he was the best . teacher I had in middle school when I was 13 years old. Mr. Essays On Capital Punishment Us! Escobar was the instructor for my Computer Application System’s class. I enjoyed his class because he used creative teaching methods and he had patience with all of his students. Besides being a great teacher , Mr. Escobar was also my best friend and whenever I had problems with my computer he would fix my computer.
Mr. Escobar. Debut albums , Education , English-language films 771 Words | 3 Pages. My Own Role And Responsibles My role as a ICT tutor, sometimes requires me to be mentor or even an absent friend to support . my learners emotionally through their learning. Prize Speech! All of this provides me the means to enable learning to the best of my ability. Essays On Capital! I have a responsibility to ensure that students gain the knowledge and nobel prize skills they require to become effective learners. Also the responsibility to meet the high standards of professional and ethical behavior required by the learner, and business case examples my profession. Age of consent , Child abuse , Child sexual abuse 1295 Words | 4 Pages. My Life Teacher Whether it’s a person, song, book or whatever it might be everyone has some kind of influence in nobel speech, their lives. . An influence can drive someone to catholic education important me essay better themselves, or maybe send them in nobel, the wrong direction. They really determine the way people turn out.
Just like anyone else, I have had many influences in my life, some good, some bad, and they all cross my mind when I have to make a big decision. Over all the ones that do come across my mind my mom impacts my decision the most. Help , Help me , High school 1209 Words | 3 Pages. Being a young teacher I am proud of being one of the representative national education of senior honors thesis ucsd my motherland. As once my . mother some years ago said the teacher is a person who educates the children as well as brings up future leaders of the society by involving in their learning process. Teaching is a challenge as it takes much time, period, may be, some years to pursue planned goals effectively. As a professional young specialist I am yielding my fruits now. My students have shown their progress by speech, winning. Education , English language , History of education 947 Words | 3 Pages.
Name Teacher Comp 1 Octdate My best day ever “Breath Jessica, just breath and junk essay give me one more big . push.” The doctor said to me as I try to prize speech push my baby out. Building Paper! Moments later we hear it, my baby crying alerting the world that she is here. The birth of my daughter was long and exhausting. Nobel Prize Speech! Joseph and I had stayed out late the night before not realizing what we were in for the next morning. As we crawled into bed that night I remember talking to the little baby in analysis study examples, my belly asking for. Caesarean section , Childbirth , Debut albums 959 Words | 3 Pages. Schooling Krsna's Children Is Experience the Best Teacher ? By Urmila Devi Dasi AFTER GIVING Arjuna knowledge of matter and . spirit, Lord Krsna tells him, Deliberate on this fully, and prize then decide what you wish to do. Numbers In An! Our children also have to nobel choose between material and spiritual life. To prepare them for this choice, do we need to give them experiences of both? Do our children need any experience of materialism to catholic education me essay choose Krsna consciousness? The sages do indeed say that to be complete in knowledge.
Bhagavad Gita , Bhagavata Purana , Chaitanya Mahaprabhu 964 Words | 3 Pages. ?About My Science Teacher At that time I was still a timid girl who doesn’t smile a lot. Nobel Prize! Three years ago, my . family immigrated to Canada, this unfamiliar and catholic education beautiful place for me is a new beginning. I moved with my parents, lived in a rental basement, where was closed to my old school. Nearly September school reopened, I overslept in the first day of school, hurriedly went to school without eating breakfast, the first period was Science. Is it the worst impression of teacher for student who was. 2006 albums , Class I railroad , Education 1265 Words | 2 Pages. Elish-Piper, L., Bean, R. Nobel Prize! M. (2010). What Matters for catholic Elementary Literacy Coaching?
Guiding Principles for Instructional Improvement and nobel speech Student . Achievement. Reading Teacher , 63(7), 544-554. Shanaban, T., Shanaban, C., (2012). What is Disciplinary Literacy and Why Does it Matter? Top Lang Disorders, 32, 7-18 Case Study Teacher # At Risk Students # Limited Proficiency # Proficient #Exceeding Proficiency Lilian 5 10 11 4 Duane 7 7 . Education , Educational psychology , Educational years 1471 Words | 5 Pages. My Mom, My Hero, My Best Friend Wow where do i begin. My mom is essays, definitly . my best friend. Prize! She has been here for me through think and step by step building a research paper thin, good and bad, and prize speech ups and downs. When I was seven my father passed away who was there for me and my sister ? My mom she was my mom and my dad for step by step building paper a while untill one day she met a man who has been my dad for the past 12 years couldnt ask for a better dad then the one she found. My mom has helped me through so many things in nobel, my life pushed me through school. English-language films , Friendship , Lie 1219 Words | 3 Pages.
This entry is catholic, dedicated to prize speech my dad and he will never read it. Sad thing.* When I was 16 I had to education me essay write an essay in prize speech, school about the person I . admire the most. So I wrote about my dad. My dad is junk food and children essay, not famous, nor is he rich or talented. He is not a scientist or a professor. But he is the speech best man in catholic education important me essay, my personal world even if he doesn’t know.
We never talk about emotional stuff, he never gives me good advice, actually we hardly talk. When my dad was young he was a biker. Motorbikes were his lifestyle. 2006 singles , Mother 940 Words | 3 Pages. Ken was my voice teacher . I never admired anyone more than him. He meant the world to me. It would be safe to nobel say that we did . not have a typical teacher /student relationship.
I was infatuated with him. He was tall dark and had the voice of an angel. But he was eleven years older than I was, and he was my teacher . I learned from him, I confided in him, and I trusted him. Senior! I never pictured myself being with him. I never dreamt he would think of me as a 'woman' and not just a love-stricken seventeen. Assault , Battery , Criminology 2040 Words | 5 Pages.
My Best Friends Wedding I am feeling lonely and sad. It is a cold and blustery Wednesday in November. Speech! Tomorrow will be the . Essays On Capital In The Us! first Thanksgiving I have spent without my family. My boyfriend at the time asks me to prize speech come to his house and meet his parents and join them for their thanksgiving feast. Though it is quite a tempting offer, I don’t feel up to important that level of social activity, so I politely decline and mention that he and I could have some quite time once he gets back. Nobel Speech! He seems ok with that. 1995 singles , 2000 singles , 2006 albums 1333 Words | 3 Pages. English 111/03 30 Jan 2013 My Best Memorable Sandwich The best memorable food experience that . Case Study! I have would be the time that I went to Fuddruckers with my mom, dad, both of nobel prize my grandmothers and my two brothers. The reason why I say this is senior thesis ucsd, because this place was very nice and had the best burgers and nobel prize sandwiches, so I have heard. As I was walking in the restaurant I started looking at the menu and there was something that had caught my eyes, and that was the catholic education grilled chicken breast.
Cheese , Chicken , Eating 1067 Words | 3 Pages. Leah Young Young 1 2/14/13 Essay#2 English 101 My Best Friends There’s really no great way to start . Nobel Prize! my story other than with the truth. Food! I was 31 and living in a tiny apartment in prize speech, one of the worst neighborhoods in Louisville. I was on ucsd my second divorce and third abusive relationship. Between me making excuses for prize speech bruises and the women my then husband was seeing while I was working, life for education important me essay me was a sad one. I woke up one morning and decided I had to nobel prize speech leave. I packed. Dog , English-language films , Friendship 2328 Words | 6 Pages. REFLECTED BEST SELF EXERCISE Introduction: I am Swapnili Jadhao, student with UTD under Systems Engineering and catholic education important Management. I am a simple, . Nobel Prize! happy and passionate person.
I like my work and junk food and children essay life. I enjoy working with people and nobel prize speech facing new challenges at catholic education me essay, work. The exercise of Reflected Best Self helped me to prize speech know views of senior honors thesis people for me. I really astonished me to know that people value me and nobel speech expect good and thesis bright future for me. I had asked for the views from around 15 people and 13 of nobel prize them were really. Debut albums , Decision making , Friendship 1191 Words | 2 Pages. important step in your child’s education. It consists of many new tasks and skills for your child. They are required to think more critically and work more . independently.
My goal is to guide and instruct your child so that he/she will be fully prepared for business analysis study examples fourth grade. In order to accomplish this, teamwork is critical. My role as teacher for your child is to provide daily instruction, meaningful class work and homework assignments, and to provide a stimulating environment and opportunities for success. Educational years , Homework , Reading 619 Words | 3 Pages. James W. Loewen wrote the book Lies My Teacher Told Me to nobel speech help students understand the past of the United States, and how it is . effecting the present. Lies My Teacher Told Me examines 12 various American history text books, and points out the various lies, flaws, and in the sugar coated stories the text books present. Nobel Prize Speech! Loewen explains how textbooks practice heroification, and how race and race relations are a major issue when it comes to American history.
Among these topics, Loewen also sheds light on. Africa , African slave trade , Arab slave trade 863 Words | 3 Pages. 4th Annual ITE day Quiz Bowl Winner’s By: Frederick T. On Capital Punishment Us! Ferrer On September 6, 2012 was the second day of celebrating the 4th Annual Institute of . Teacher Education (ITE) day celebration. The program started at exactly 8’oclock in the morning and it was opened with doxology by the chosen students followed by nobel prize, the message of Prof. Catholic Education! Teresita H. Speech! Bernal, the ITE program chair and he inspirational message of the guest speaker Dr. Marcelino C. Education Important Me Essay! Gapultos, instructor 1 of the Isabela State University, Roxas. 2007–08 NBA season , Kevin Durant , Los Angeles Lakers 1865 Words | 5 Pages. Textbooks “More Americans have learned the story of the prize South during the Civil War and Reconstruction from Margaret Mitchell’s Gone With the Wind than . from all of the learned volumes on this period” -Warren Beck and Myles Clowers The book Lies My Teacher Told Me was written by James Loewen.
I choose to analysis case examples read Chapter 5: “Gone with the Wind”: The Invisibility of prize speech Racism in American History Textbooks. The chapters that I read discussed how in analysis study, many of the American History Textbooks, that many young students. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Gone with the Wind 1344 Words | 4 Pages. 9/17/12 Essa on M Favourite Teacher H OME A B OU T SI TE P RESERV E OU R A RTI CLE CONTENT QU A LI T GU I DELI NES DI . SCLA I MER TOS CONTA CT U GUIDELINES About Site Content Qualit Guidelines Terms of prize Service Privac Polic Disclaimer Cop right Recent Articles Essa on M Favourite Teacher ROHIT AGARWAL De igne Sa ee Online sare e sba aar.com /Sare e s-183.htm l Bu Latest Designer Sarees Online. Thesis! Free Shipping WorldWide. Order now! O ganic Fa ming www.acre. All rights reserved , Casting , Copyright 595 Words | 4 Pages. ENGLISH -119 ESSAY # 1 Best Days in My Life After . a long time I went to visit my homeland . Those days were my best days in my life.
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We have a few things in common, but we're . mostly best friends because opposites attract. Brittney and nobel prize speech I met in a Physical Science class we had together. In An! At first we didn't talk very much if at all, but after a while we grew on each other and nobel prize speech stated hanging out together. Since then we have remained friends and in the since shared many things together like good laughs, jobs, and even some times that weren't so good for both. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Mother 983 Words | 3 Pages.
Heath and I played more than ten years together. He turned into more than a friend, Heath became my brother. I am still waiting for him to show . up in the field and play another game together. “Play the best game of nobel speech your life today” he said” we don’t know if we will ever play again tomorrow” Those words are engraved in my head, and I realize the meaning of them now that he is gone. It always crosses my mind where could he be alive or dead, I just want to know about him. Food Essay! I also wonder if I will ever.
American football , Coming out 1321 Words | 4 Pages. DESCRIPTION OF MY BEST FRIEND Azeneth has been my best friend for the last 6 years. I know her . since I entered high school and since that day we have become the speech most inseparable friends in the world. I have much affection to her because we have lived many things together, through thick and thin, she always has been there for me when I needed her. I remember the day I met her, it was the me essay first day of high school and I was very nervous because I did not know anybody from there. I remember that. American films , Black-and-white films , Cake 1128 Words | 3 Pages. It is difficult to pin point what day was exactly the nobel happiest in step building a research paper, my life. Prize! Was it the day I met my future husband?
The day I . married him? Or the day I became a mother? All of these were extremely happy events in rule in an, my life, but I am convinced that if it wouldn’t be for nobel the fact I agreed to marry the man of my dreams, I would have not experienced the joys of motherhood. Step By Step Building A Research Paper! For that reason I decided, that the happiest day of prize speech my life is my Wedding Day. I always was attracted to brunets with brown eyes, so.
Family , Husband , Marriage 1154 Words | 3 Pages. School ??? Unit IV Lesson 1 ??? ??:______________________ ??: _______________________ ????? Project: Create a voki presentation about numbers in an, your . best friend. Nobel Prize Speech! Requirements: Please describe your best friend and include the following information: ? who he/she is: include name, age, nationality, school…. ? a physical description of your best friend: use at least eight adjectives. ? his/her hobby (what he/she likes to senior honors do ) ? food he/she enjoys ? his/her favorite color ( use … ) ? anything. Christopher Nolan , High school , New Port Richey, Florida 298 Words | 2 Pages. I am the kind of prize person who likes learning from my mistakes, instead of bringing me down, and today I'd like to inspire you to building paper do the same. . Nobel Speech! Before the examinations came up and analysis case study examples everyone was busy reviewing, if not was busy submitting requrements. There I was moping around, I simply had no energy to attend school with a positve outlook, unlike what I always did whenever I come to school. You see, I've come to nobel a realization that I've been giving my trust to people quite easily, which results to me. 2007 singles , Albert Einstein , English-language films 521 Words | 2 Pages. Lies My Teacher Told Me Effect on Me There is a common expression that a lot of us have heard at least one time “don’t believe . everything you read”, just because a book is written and published does not mean is always accurate. True historical facts can easily be transformed by adding or taking away details in essays on capital us, order to see it only from a certain perspective.
The textbooks in history classrooms represent many different groups from the perspective of one group, usually European. Loewen explores the. College , Education , High school 1297 Words | 4 Pages. would be a dream come true. There are so many places I want to nobel visit. I have been in 8 countries. One of them is for writing numbers essay, England. I want to tell you about that trip, . because it was a dream holiday.
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results represented. According to the scores from the 21st Century Manager domain, it determined that the score of 8.5 is nobel speech, a good starting point as I consider . where and how to further pursue the development of food and children essay your management skills and competencies. My success will rest on (1) an initial awareness of the speech importance of these basic management foundations and (2) a willingness to strive continually to analysis study strengthen them throughout the work career. Nobel Prize! In reviewing Transformational and Transactional Leadership. 21st century , Decision making , Leadership 773 Words | 3 Pages.
Education 300 Professor Huffman My Best Teacher My best teacher . that I have had thus far in thesis ucsd, my academic teacher would have to be Elias Semaan. Professor Semaan taught the upper level Finance courses here at JMU and his intelligence as well as his passion captured my attention and nobel prize speech made me want to analysis case study absorb the knowledge that he was preaching. I had Professor Semaan my sophomore and junior year and nobel he was great. He taught a difficult course, FIN 360 Analytical Methods in Finance but he made difficult. Education , Intelligence , Risk 737 Words | 2 Pages. Responsibilities as a teacher are to ensure you teach a class as effectively as possible. Making sure they understand fully the information . being taught to business examples them, to complete their course contents and to pass feeling confident and able within the nobel prize speech qualification they have achieved.
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Mrs. Meyers is a teacher that is the most influential person in the world, (but the world doesn’t know it yet), I really admire her because she always encouraged me to go to nobel speech class and analysis treat other teachers and students with respect, and to prize speech try my best . Thesis Ucsd! If I ever needed any extra help in. 2006 albums , American films , Debut albums 466 Words | 2 Pages.
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Resume templates: EXPLAINING STEP BY STEP. Here we go into detail. With our step-by-step guide to find out exactly what you need to look for in the various points of your resume. Simple in pattern click on nobel speech, the links below in the right column and rule gradually build your own resume perfect. I wish you success. University of nobel prize speech Mannheim. – Focus Management Economics. – specializing in e-commerce Thesis: “Cost-saving effects of CRM systems in telecommunications companies with a size of more than 1,000 employees” (note 1.0) Claus von Stauffenberg School.
case study on introducing a Customer Relationship Management system (CRM) in by step paper, a company in the metalworking industry. programming a PC host interface with C ++ case study on nobel speech, the introduction of a document management (12 weeks) Institute of Project Management, Stuttgart. Published in: books for academic work No.
8/2013, S.21-25. Free Resume templates and a research paper Basic information and thoughts to resume. The curriculum is an integral part of an nobel prize speech application. Food And Children Essay. As a rule, includes these two pages – in students may already be sufficient page. Through the resume to a hiring manager can quickly get a first impression of prize a candidate. Moreover, he can this document refer to important information, which will enable him to match the requirements of a post to analysis case examples, be filled with the profile of the candidate. In order for all this to happen to the satisfaction of the personnel in charge, a clear structure, and clearly structured information is an important point that a candidate should be considered when writing a resume. In addition, it is nobel prize speech advisable if possible to focus only the education important information and to dispense with the indication of unimportant and speech irrelevant to the job data. Thus, the applicant profile can be sharpened to a, on the other hand, a clean focus help ensure that relevant information is not read. These data / content should be found in business analysis case study examples, your resume. In a resume are usually first the nobel speech personal data of an applicant to find.
These data are clearly presented and structured in the space provided. The personal information should generally include the following information (see CV form on this page.): Full address phone number E-mail address Date of birth and place of birth Marital status Nationality (only if this can not be derived) In addition, this area of the document can be provided with a matching photo. On the “Personal Information” is followed (if it already exists) the career path of a candidate.In this area the previous work stations of a candidate are listed.
The anti chronological order allows the reader easily to remove the current or the last professional position of the food and children essay applicant. Nobel Prize Speech. The indication of the thesis respective data is carried out in a rule as shown below (see CV form on speech, this page.): date Job Title Company / Organization with place optionally industry and number of employees 3-5 activity provided (if possible, the selection of these activities should be geared to the requirements of the new location) Each professional station gets this such a block within the CV. The career follows the section with information about the training. This is reported in accordance with the professional positions with date, training or academic title, company / organization / school / college and business case examples training content. For a continuous representation of the data with respect to the formation should be presented anti chronologically. Below are some key points to this block (see CV form on this page.):
date Name of training Company / Organization / School / College with place optionally industry and number of nobel prize speech employees where appropriate training content possibly final grade and subject of the rule essay thesis. To highlight completed training, but a separate area can be created. Alternatively, these measures may be placed “training” in the field. Nobel. The training provided should not be too far back and be relevant to the desired location, if possible beyond. then the next block form the “Special skills” of a candidate. Business Analysis Case Examples. This area offers the opportunity to make the recruiters on additional knowledge attention, which in turn are best if relevant for the intended location. Behind the prize “Special skills” to hide information about senior thesis, computer skills or computer skills, language skills, driving license and other skills that are of nobel prize speech relevance.Additionally, it should be done for all knowledge, either a self-assessment or proof of the level of knowledge. For examples relating to the presentation of such knowledge see the CV form on this page. In conclusion, even an area with interests and hobbies are inserted.
This area should, however, take up little space in your resume, because although it may round the business study first image of a candidate, but should not get too much focus. The most important information of the applicant are in the overlying or preceding sections. When specifying hobbies and prize interests should be taken to ensure that the mentioned pastimes no negative concerns about the study future performance of an employee wake (eg, extreme sports with a high risk of injury - This might fear the recruiter that the candidate could turn out often). In conclusion then follows the prize signature. Essays In The Us. This gives the document nor a personal touch and is also often seen as assurance that the information supplied by the applicant are correct. Frequently asked questions about prize speech, CV. Below you will find frequently asked questions and essays answers about the CV. Where the CV is placed in the application folder?
At what point of the resume is on the order of the nobel prize application documents? In classical Bewerbungsmappe the CV is arranged directly after the numbers in an essay cover letter. Prize. If a cover sheet is used, it usually follows the for writing in an essay cover letter – the CV is then added directly to the cover page in the application folder. If the nobel prize speech application via e-mail, so the resume is usually queued immediately after the cover letter in the application document. The application cover sheet (if present) is then usually in the first place, even before the letter. To create a resume, you can use, for example, the above templates and step a research patterns as a basis.In order to work with a CV template of your choice, you need Microsoft Word from Word 2007.
Alternatively, you can also use word processing programs such as OpenOffice or LibreOffice for creating your resume. Prize. However, please note that when using our templates in combination with the two programs latter can serious compatibility issues. A curriculum vitae is a tabular representation of your personal history. Earlier on and children essay, this page you will find several examples and your CV. What should I consider when choosing a resume template? When choosing a resume template, it is advisable to check the filters: Suitable to the layout of the template for the substantive scope of my career and its representation? Fits the original optically to the job, the company and the industry?
Fits the bill to my personality? Should a CV template not 100% satisfied with your, so you can use it as a basis and adjust them to your needs. The above CV format for Word, you can use Word to edit from 2007 onwards. Prize. Both a content adaptation, as well as an adaptation of the design / layout is essay possible. In a (tabular) CV is nobel prize a compressed and focused presentation of your previous career.Important information should already be clear as possible when flying over food and children the life course for the reader.
Data are for a point of no relevance, should either be omitted, or be represented if necessary as short and concise. Use at the individual stations in your resume if possible bullet points to nobel speech, present your relevant for business case study the job qualifications and skills clearly and structured. A resume should not exceed two A4 pages as a rule. Depending on the length of the previous career may be sufficient an nobel prize A4 page. At what point should I start on your CV? How far should I go back in chronological resume? In most cases, you can start on your resume from the secondary school.
A visit to an elementary school, all applicants in senior, common, so that this station does not matter for filling positions. Chronological or reverse chronological CV – what order is prize suitable for the resume? As a rule, an anti-chronological, chronologically decreasing order for punishment in the us the CV is well suited.This is for the reader the latest (and therefore often the prize speech most relevant) information easy to in the, find. Why should my resume be consecutive? Gaps in your CV often raise questions and to the reader with the prize feeling that the on capital in the us candidate is nobel trying to catholic education me essay, hide something. To get around this, a resume should therefore be possible without gaps. What can I write in CV unemployment rather than “unemployed”? active formulations are better suited than their passive counterparts for the CV. Instead of the nobel passive phrase “unemployed” you could use “seeking work” on for writing essay, your resume therefore active formulations such as. My resume is too long – I can leave? To shorten your resume you can cut, for example, information on qualifications or skills that are not or only nobel speech of limited relevance for the intended position, or optionally omit.
If it is professional or educational stations, so you should indeed retain in any case – otherwise gaps would arise – but the possibility to reduce the number of bullet points or even completely dispense with bullet points. The sections “knowledge” and “interests” are, usually best to cut the rule essay CV. What font and nobel prize speech size suitable for step by step building a research your resume? legible font with a serious effect are for nobel speech the CV, as well as for all other application documents suitable. Examples of on capital punishment in the such fonts, for nobel prize speech example Arial, Times New Roman, Open Sans, Verdana or Garamond. Sizes between 10pt and 12pt are in junk food, terms of font size, depending on the selected font, usually suitable. For headings can optionally also a larger font size to be useful, if this is just for clarity.
Generally it should be ensured that uniform fonts and prize speech font sizes are used in step building a research paper, all application documents. How can I write my resume? Where the prize CV is signed? The curriculum will be signed at the end. Depending on the visual preference either two blank lines may be added in the CV after the last station for the signature.
This is followed by the place and date, as well as a handwritten signature. Alternatively, place and date left justified and the handwritten signature may be positioned flush right after the business analysis study last station of the resume. For the signature a suitable writing tool (eg. Fillers in blue ink) is recommended. If the resume submitted online, so you can sign on a white sheet of paper and then scan your signature.
Where can I mention my driver’s license in your CV? Your driver’s license, you can specify within the section “Special skills” with the appropriate license categories. The photo is usually placed right-justified in the curriculum vitae within the section “Personal data”. Nobel. If a cover page is junk and children essay used with photo, can be dispensed with in the resume on a photo. What file format should I use for my resume? The CV should always be sent as a PDF file. This file format has the advantage that it can not be readily changed. How can I save my resume as a PDF file and send it?
Your resume example, you can save directly into Word as a PDF file. To do this, simply change the file type in the “Save As” dialog on prize speech, “PDF”. Please make sure that your resume previously as editable Word file (eg. “.docx”) Save to edit it again at a later date. You can then send your resume as an email attachment, or via file upload in an online application portal. Errors in your resume: where the pitfalls lie. If you apply the letter is devoted the most attention and rule energy. The curriculum is however in many cases quickly and according to the book checked. A mistake, because the devil is in the detail and the resume is more important, as many candidates is nobel prize speech clear. Too little concrete information on the recent activities Missing evidence cited activities Gaps in your CV Unrealistic-perceived language skills Improper Hobbies. Exaggerated clear layout customization Excessive distortion of her own style Too much text and tags on individual stations To elaborate layout suffered by the clarity Stilbruch between letter and resume Outdated application photo. Clear answer: No Fake degrees, academic titles purchased or never graduated workstations are not peccadilloes or white lies, but fraud.
The can through to education important, forgery rich and always has therefore a veritable ground for dismissal . Even after one has begun the job for a long time. At worst, the nobel civil consequences entail. From this type of CV-polish so you should strictly stay away. Against other cosmetic procedures is punishment in the us less objection: Chronic diseases , for example, which have no influence on the job, you do not need to mention.
The same applies to successful stays in speech, an addiction clinic . Also you can move through skillful representation in a slightly better light – for example, if your past successes will substantiate by numbers: Do these in absolute form is not quite as convincing, then make up percentages or refer to rankings. Were you in the job not the number 1? Then be stated precisely that you were among the top 5 of the company. If you are not the absolute leader have worked, use similar comparisons as among the top three companies in the industry . So if you resume templates to use, please make absolutely sure this individualize by skillfully devising and arranging still suit their respective target companies.
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for prize speech the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of catholic your resume not as a comprehensive list of speech your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for essays on capital us the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience).
Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out nobel speech, depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only paper sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of speech this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in catholic education, the digital age, before you scroll down on nobel prize, a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and junk food accomplishments are visible on nobel, the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on step by step building paper, putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the nobel, only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the essays punishment in the us, get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to.
In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the prize speech, rest of for writing numbers in an your resume stellar. Speech. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on junk essay, your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in nobel prize, your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the business case examples, bottom line is this—you want the speech, information here to food and children essay be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of nobel speech your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out for writing in an, these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in nobel prize speech, less space.
Can’t figure out how to by step building paper tell your whole story on one page, or want to nobel prize speech be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of business analysis examples trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to nobel stand out in a minute. But the essays on capital, most basic principle of prize speech good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and on capital in the us leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. Speech. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for rule numbers essay which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for prize the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to…
Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to in an essay the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome.
10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. Speech. You don’t need to step by step a research paper include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to nobel speech make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on essay, each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in prize, getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is catholic education arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant.
As a rule, you should only prize show the most recent 10-15 years of analysis case study your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to speech which you are applying. And remember to business case examples allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the prize, latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill.
Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in step building a research, a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to prize all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in on capital punishment in the, your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to prize speech picture the catholic education important me essay, level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to prize speech adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to step building a research show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the nobel speech, benefit was to your boss or your company.
By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the ucsd, direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into prize, accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an me essay “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about prize speech how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the step by step building a research, same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Nobel. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in catholic, a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly.
Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the speech, job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to essays punishment us include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are.
24. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and nobel relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25.
Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is education important more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Nobel Prize. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it.
While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to business case study showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. Nobel. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to for writing include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for nobel speech your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks!
Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only junk food essay add those that are relevant to the job. Prize. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at senior honors ucsd, a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32. Nobel. Beware of on capital punishment in the us Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on prize, the reg. Business Analysis Case Study. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause.
Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Nobel. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Analysis Study Examples. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. Nobel. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. Junk Food. If you have gaps of prize a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Use years only step a research paper (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and nobel prize speech make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus?
This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and important me essay accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. Nobel Prize. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on catholic important me essay, your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). Nobel Speech. While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to by step a research take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is prize speech interested in junk essay, you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them.
There’s no need to prize address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). Analysis Case Study Examples. It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and nobel clear of typos. And don’t rely on analysis case study examples, spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to speech take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an essays punishment in the us editor on nobel, how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to by step a research always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the nobel, hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at catholic me essay, it in both Google Docs and Word, and nobel prize then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to by step save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of speech “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out me essay, some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Speech. Have you taken on new responsibilities?
Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on for writing numbers in an essay, a regular basis, you’re ready to speech pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of in an good reasons to keep this document in nobel speech, tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and food essay content strategist who is nobel prize passionate about elevating the step by step paper, standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com.
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William Faulkner: Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech
essay psychopath The terms sociopath or psychopath often bring to mind images of prize, sadistically violent individuals such as Ted Bundy or the by step a research fictional character of Dr. Hannibal The Cannibal Lecter in the book and movie The Silence of the Lambs. But I believe the defining characteristic traits of sociopaths actually cover a much broader spectrum of individuals than most of nobel prize, us would ever imagine. The sociopath is that truly self-absorbed individual with no conscience or feeling for others and for whom social rules have no meaning.
I believe that most all of us know or have come in contact with sociopathic individuals without even knowing it. What is business case study examples A Psychopath? Psychopaths cannot be understood in terms of antisocial rearing or development. They are simply morally depraved individuals who represent the monsters in our society. They are unstoppable and untreatable predators whose violence is planned, purposeful and emotionless. The violence continues until it reaches a plateau at speech age 50 or so, then tapers off. PRIMARY PSYCHOPATHS do not respond to punishment, apprehension, stress, or disapproval. On Capital In The Us. They seem to be able to nobel speech inhibit their antisocial impulses most of the time, not because of on capital punishment, conscience, but because it suits their purpose at the time. Nobel. Words do not seem to have the thesis ucsd same meaning for them as they do for us. In fact, it's unclear if they even grasp the meaning of their own words, a condition that Cleckley called semantic aphasia.
They don't follow any life plan, and it seems as if they are incapable of experiencing any genuine emotion. SECONDARY PSYCHOPATHS are risk-takers, but are also more likely to be stress-reactive, worriers, and guilt-prone. Nobel Prize Speech. They expose themselves to more stress than the average person, but they are as vulnerable to senior honors thesis stress as the average person. Prize Speech. (This suggests that they are not fully psychopathic. Senior Thesis Ucsd. This may be due to distinctive genetic variations.) Both primary and secondary psychopaths can be subdivided into: DISTEMPERED PSYCHOPATHS are the kind that seem to fly into nobel prize speech, a rage or frenzy more easily and more often than other subtypes. Numbers Essay. Their frenzy will resemble an speech epileptic fit. They are also usually men with incredibly strong sex drives, capable of by step building a research, astonishing feats of sexual energy, and seemingly obsessed by nobel prize, sexual urges during a large part of junk food, their waking lives.
Powerful cravings also seem to characterize them, as in drug addiction, kleptomania, pedophilia, any illicit or illegal indulgence. They like the endorphin high or rush off of excitement and nobel prize, risk-taking. The serial-rapist-murderer known as the step building a research Boston Strangler was such a psychopath. CHARISMATIC PSYCHOPATHS are charming, attractive liars. They are usually gifted at nobel prize some talent or another, and they use it to honors ucsd their advantage in nobel prize speech manipulating others. They are usually fast-talkers, and possess an numbers almost demonic ability to persuade others out of everything they own, even their lives. Leaders of religious sects or cults, for example, might be psychopaths if they lead their followers to their deaths. Prize. This subtype often comes to punishment believe in their own fictions.
They are irresistible. Sociopaths have always existed in varying form and to various degrees. They have been known by various titles. They have been studied using various techniques, and prize, through the years their ailment has been blamed on various causes. But one thing never varies: all sociopaths share three common characteristics. They are all very egocentric individuals with no empathy for others, and honors thesis, they are incapable of feeling remorse or guilt. [The Sociopath Rebecca Horton (April 1999)] While the psychopath has likes and speech, dislikes and fondness for the pleasures that human company can bring, analysis shows that he is completely egocentric, valuing others only for their enhancement of his own pleasure or status.
While he gives no real love, he is quite capable of on capital in the us, inspiring love of sometimes fanatical degree in others. The psychopath is unable to nobel feel sorry for others in unfortunate situations or put himself in another's place, whether or not they have been harmed by him. Rule For Writing Numbers In An Essay. [ Gordon Banks ] How Psychopaths View The World. Not only do they covet possessions and power, but they gain special pleasure in usurping and taking from others (a symbolic sibling, for example); what they can plagiarize, swindle, and extort are fruits far sweeter than those they can earn through honest labor. Lying, deceiving, and manipulation are natural talents for psychopaths. When caught in a lie or challenged with the truth, they are seldom perplexed or embarrassed - they simply change their stories or attempt to nobel rework the facts so that they appear to be consistent with the lie. The results are a series of senior honors thesis, contradictory statements and nobel speech, a thoroughly confused listener. Often, their behavior serves to confuse and repress their victims, or to influence anyone who might listen to essays on capital punishment in the the psychopath's side of the story. Manipulation is the key to nobel their conquests, and lying is one way they achieve this. No, that's not my foot he said, even though everyone knew he was lying.
This is how psychopaths operate. Important Me Essay. They will deny reality until their victims have a nervous breakdown. Nobel. Often, the psychopath will turn on the victim and claim that the business case study victim suffers from delusions and is not mentally stable. they are very talented at speech appearing much more humble than the average person, but are hardly so. Some are also able to feign concern about the lower classes and profess that they are on business analysis case the side of the underdog, the poor, and so forth. A psychopath may claim, for instance (if he's from a low socioeconomic class), that he dislikes rich people intensely, but at speech the same time, he will inwardly yearn and envy what they have. He is like the narcissist, desiring to reflect a false image of senior thesis, himself through his possessions. Among his possessions are included human beings: girlfriends, wives, and children. how unsavory. his apparent comfort with his deviant behavior, the nobel prize ease with which he discuss(es) breaking every rule, (is) consistent with ASP (psychopathy). The psychopath is by step a research paper filled with greed inside, relating to the world through power, even though, as I said, on nobel speech the outside he can claim to be on senior honors the side of the disenfranchised or the nobel prize speech downtrodden.
I knew one who liked to rule for writing essay repeat phrases such as they have to nobel stop keeping my brothers down but he didn't mean a word of it. Education Important Me Essay. He was actually a racist. The psychopath can also often identify himself as a revolutionary. By enacting such behaviors, the psychopath is also trying to get back at society and nobel speech, the world, in order to gain retribution. They will spend their entire lives doing this, whether they are rich or poor, or whatever their social background may be, although studies have shown that they often come from an numbers in an impoverished or lower socio- economic background and/or social status. (In one of Dr.
Donald Black 's studies, many of the men were, overwhelmingly white, blue collar, lower middle class, and married, and most had not graduated from high school. Let me add, despite Dr. Nobel Prize Speech. Blacks' studies, psychopaths can still exist in any social class. Do not be misled. I also wanted to business analysis case point out that I will be using he and him for speech the term psychopath throughout this website; let it not be forgotten, yes, female psychopaths exist as well; however, according to step by step a research paper the Sixth Edition of Abnormal Behavior , printed in 2000 by three male professors, David, Derald , and Stanley Sue , the rates do differ by gender. Included in their excellent text is a report by the The American Psychiatric Association that the general estimate is prize 3% for men, and less than 1% in women [ Personality Disorders and Impulse Control Disorders , 238].
antisocials (psychopaths) seem to lack a conscience, feeling little or no empathy for junk essay the people whose lives they touch. the antisocial effortlessly resists all regulation, unable to see beyond his self-interest or to adopt standards of right versus wrong. Not all psychopath are uneducated low-class misfits. Some of them are quite handsome and have good careers, and use this all the prize speech more to their benefit. Take a look at Ted Bundy; my friend's mother once went on a double-date with him and claimed he was the nicest person. His mother said he was the best son any mother could have. Bundy was also apparently quite good-looking, which made him even more dangerous.
So not all psychopaths are derelict, low-class, high school drop-outs, there are many who also work in junk food professional occupations; the fact remains that there are just more psychopaths who come from impoverished backgrounds than not. QFG = Quantum Future Group. [ QFG - Note : Black's claim that more psychopaths come from impoverished backgrounds seems to nobel prize be coming under some revision. In fact, Black does not seem to have a truly good grasp of the difference between Psychopathy and Antisocial Personality Disorder. As Robert Hare points out, yes, there are many psychopaths who are also anti-socials but there seem to be far more of essays punishment in the us, them that would never be classified as anti-social or sociopathic. Psychopathy, as originally conceived by Cleckley (1941), is not limited to engagement in illegal activities, but rather encompasses such personality characteristics as manipulativeness, insincerity, egocentricity, and lack of prize, guilt - characteristics clearly present in rule for writing numbers in an criminals but also in spouses, parents, bosses, attorneys, politicians, and CEOs, to name but a few. Nobel Speech. (Bursten, 1973; Stewart, 1991). Our own examination of the prevalence of psychopathy within a university population suggested that perhaps 5% or more of this sample might be deemed psychopathic, although the vast majority of those will be male (more than 1/10 males versus approximately 1?100 females). With respect to their patterns of social exchange (Foa Foa, 1974), they attribute love and in an, status to themselves, seeing themselves as highly worthy and important, but prescribe neither love nor status to others, seeing them as unworthy and nobel prize, insignificant. This characterization is clearly consistent with the essence of psychopathy as commonly described. psychopathy measures have converged on a prototype of analysis case examples, psychopathy that involves a combination of dominant and prize, cold interpersonal characteristics. psychopathy does occur in the community and at what might be a higher than expected rate.
psychopathy appears to have little overlap with personality disorders aside from Antisocial Personality Disorder. Clearly, where much more work is needed is in understanding what factors differentiate the abiding (although perhaps not moral-abiding) psychopath from the rule for writing essay law-breaking psychopath; such research surely needs to make greater use of nobel prize speech, non forensic samples than has been customary in the past. In short, if you want to learn about psychopathy, don't read Black. The only kind he had to study were the failures, the ones who ended up in jail or psychiatric hospitals. Keep this in mind as you continue to read the excerpts on this page.] Also, not all psychopaths are calm, cool, and on capital punishment, collected. Some of prize, them appear strange or odd, and rule for writing numbers in an, their behavior can be eccentric or unusual. I believe this is speech what can confuse victims most often. Psychopaths often appear intense and electrifying.
Do not be misled if someone appears harmless, foolish, or seems offbeat. An angelic visage can also often fool people. Just picture John Wayne Gacy in business case examples his clown costume as he entertained children as one example. Everyone thought he was very funny. Nobel. I did too, at first. Then, little by little, I realized there was something not right about him. At first his seemingly harmless pranks were charming, but after a while, he became more of a nuisance and rule, disrupted our work environment, which created havoc and tension between employees.
I've learned, a psychopath can use these disguises for his own hidden purpose. the nature of ASP (psychopathy) implies that it wreaks more havoc on society than most other mental illnesses do, since the disorder primarily involves reactions against the social environment that drag other people into its destructive web. The despair and anxiety wrought by antisocials (psychopaths) tragically affects families and prize speech, communities, leaving deep physical and emotional scars. There is much to essays us the psychopathic personality which is nobel prize speech baffling and senior honors thesis, disturbing. 1 in about 25-30 people are psychopathic (also known as sociopaths or anti-social - the correct title being psychopath .) Since the nobel prize speech majority or them are men, I ( Wendy Koenigsmann ) wrote this site in punishment us part, to warn women about the dangers, especially women online, which I believe is a favorite new medium which appeals to psychopaths. I have personal experience with this subject as well. This is because, antisocials (psychopaths) are not just characters in our fictional or true-life entertainments. They are family members, friends, co-workers, neighbors, or strangers we may encounter every day. Pamela Jayne , M.A., writes that,
30% of men are sociopathic. Nobel. [QFG note that she is not using the education me essay term psychopath.] If about every three out of ten men I may meet are psychopathic, I would assume this is prize speech not something to take lightly. According to these statistics, that would mean every three out of ten men and in an essay, maybe every one out of ten females. The truth is, we do not really know exactly how many individuals are psychopathic; however, there seems to be a rise in the prevalence of psychopathy and that is why some claim that numbers are higher. Dr. Black claims that psychopathy leads right behind depression, along with schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder, which is an prize astounding fact. [ QFG note : Hare says that Psychopathy is MORE prevalent than depression, schizophrenia and BPD. For all we know, many people who are depressed, become schizophrenic, or develop BPD, do so as a result of interactions with psychopaths. Psychologist Andrew Lobaczewski says as much in his book Political Ponerology .]
Psychopaths are often witty and articulate and almost always glib. They can be amusing and entertaining conversationalists, ready with a quick and catholic important me essay, clever comeback, and nobel, can tell unlikely but convincing stories. . They may ramble and tell stories that seem unlikely in rule light of what is known about them. Typically, they attempt to appear familiar with sociology, psychiatry, medicine, psychology, philosophy, poetry, literature, art, or law. A signpost to nobel prize this trait is often a smooth lack of concern at being found out. One psychopathic individual I knew claimed that he had a genius IQ and that he was studying several different majors at important me essay college. When I found out I had a genius IQ, that's when all my trouble started he said. He replied, 'Cause I'm too smart for my own good. In the end I found out these were lies because he was, in fact, a high school drop-out.
[ QFG note : Being a high-school drop-out doesn't mean that a person is NOT a genius. In fact, considering the U.S. education system, it is very likely that many geniuses WILL drop out due to frustration and boredom.] Despite their failures, psychopaths have a very, narcissistic and grossly inflated view of their self-worth and importance, a truly astounding egocentricity and nobel speech, sense of entitlement, and see themselves as the center of the essays punishment us universe, as superior beings who are justified in living according to their own rules. They often come across as, arrogant, shameless braggarts-self-assured, opinionated, domineering, and cocky. They love to have power and control over others and seem unable to believe that people have valid opinions different from theirs. They appear charismatic or 'electrifying' to some people.
I (Wendy Koenigsmann) know exactly what Hare means when I recall one person I used to know (who had been diagnosed); he always seemed to nobel speech be charming everyone around him, although in essays on capital punishment the end every woman who fell for him ended up becoming hostile when they realized all he had been doing was leading each one on prize speech simultaneously. As long as their interests are complimentary, they make a formidable pair. It has also been reported that some acquaintances may never really discover their truly dark side. Psychopaths and Relationships. It is in this realm that the psychopath comes closest to the psychotic. While seemingly in full possession of his reasoning ability, by all the means of clinical psychology to test and assess them, the psychopath demonstrates an inability to essays on capital punishment in the comprehend the meaning and significance of his behavior for other people, and to judge their probable reactions to his behavior. He is often astounded to find that people are upset by his exploits. . Nobel Prize. Histrionic. women are particularly attracted and vulnerable to psychopathic males. The hysteric-personality-disordered female is likely to be enamored of the psychopath. Honors Thesis Ucsd. She is able. to reciprocate in nobel speech this projective-introjective cycle by predominately idealizing the psychopathic character.
Her need for attachment and dependency complements his desire for detachment and autonomy; she perceives others as all-giving and benevolent, and he perceives others as all-taking and malevolent. [From The Psychopathic Mind - Origins, Dynamics, and Treatment J. Reil Meloy] The real danger about psychopaths is that some women, in particular, actually have a psychological predisposition towards forming attachments to them. They even fall in essay love with them. These women, usually of a hysteric or histrionic personality, feel empowered when attached to the psychopath, regardless of the truth she has been told about him, or regardless of what he himself has told her. Some of prize speech, these women have an underlying fantasy to numbers feel that they are in control with the psychopathic male (according to Meloy).
It should be stated that Freud is responsible for the entire coinage of neurotic women , which makes me a bit suspicious. I will present the information, but at the same time, I'm not agreeing with it completely, because it seems that all women, regardless of their neurotic natures or not, are prey to speech psychopaths. This problem is both a psychosexual one (women with personality disorders themselves who become obsessed with psychopaths), or women who just won't admit to the truth or are ignorant about the paper situation. It can even be a combination of all factors. They often alter their appearance to appear non- threatening, or to prize speech create a persona. Tim Field , a noted author and researcher of psychopathy, believes that the psychopath picks out people who can see through him: A bully's (sociopath) apparent self-esteem and self-confidence is in the actually arrogance, an nobel speech unsustainable belief of invulnerability honed from his willingness to act outside the bounds of society to ensure their survival. Targets (or victims) are people who can see through the senior ucsd arrogance to perceive the empty shell behind it - and bullies can sense who can see through them, furthering the target's elimination. This usually happens in the workplace, and in situations where the psychopath has let his mask drop. Not that there is nobel anything essentially wrong with innocence or optimism, but when dealing with a psychopath, that can prove a bad combination. On Capital Us. Psychopaths seem to nobel speech be attracted to this type of woman in particular.
She is nurturing and all-giving, while he is closed-off and retentive. not particularly good-looking or very interesting to talk to. But he had a certain cherubic quality that some women, staff included, seemed to find attractive. One woman commented that she 'always had an honors thesis urge to cuddle him.' Another said that 'he needs mothering.' Psychopaths also like to attach to women of higher social status, a woman who represents what he would like to be. Then when he is through with her, he can destroy her and kill two birds with one stone.
That is nobel prize why, when a woman warns another woman about a psychopathic man, his newest victim will not be able to believe the bad stories about him. But he's so charming, so kind, so nice. and so forth will be her reply. Yes. Exactly. He is playing a game with you too. According to Meloy, most of them transfer the catholic education me essay attachment to hard objects such as weapons, knives, [magical practices] etc.
The grandiose self is speech represented onto the weapon or object and is a projection of themselves. This of course is more in depth study of the psychopath. Essays On Capital In The Us. Not all psychopaths have a gun collection or a favorite knife or sword, but a great deal of them do tend to be fond of prize speech, weapons and business analysis study examples, such symbols of aggression and dominance. I'm not sure if this is true in all cases, but one psychopath I knew loved swords. He was obsessed with them and loved weapons of all kinds. How To Deal With Psychopaths. If you leave the psychopath, you can expect that he will either be the type who doesn't make any noise but ruins your reputation by spreading lies, or you can expect a lot of open manipulation (a final attempt to gain power and control).
The psychopath also made himself appear in prize control by stating that he kicked me out, even though he lived in his mother's house. Later on, he also told my friend that I was nothing but an experiment to him, after I had lost money, time, and business case examples, suffered immensely because of his lying and manipulation. By suffering, I also count extreme depression which lasted nearly two years, as he did not stop attacking me in prize the two years after (even to this day) that I left him. Field's response was: The main lesson I have learnt is that when dealing with a sociopath, the normal rules of business analysis case, etiquette do not apply. You are dealing with someone who has no empathy, no conscience, no remorse, and no guilt.
It is nobel a completely different mindset. Words like 'predator' and 'evil' are often used. If you try to deal with psychopaths in analysis case study an ethical manner, you will be in for nobel prize a shock. Dr. William Higgins claims that you can't negotiate or bargain with psychopaths. But don't be fooled, for numbers in an essay this is where the psychopath wants his victim - he wants to shame you while at the same time fitting you into his plans; this is because, psychopaths show a stunning lack of concern for the devastating effects their actions have on others. Nobel Prize Speech. Often they are completely forthright about the matter, calmly stating that they no have no sense of guilt, are not sorry for the pain and destruction they have caused, and that there is no reason for junk food essay them to be concerned. On the other hand, psychopaths sometimes verbalize remorse but then contradict themselves in nobel prize words or actions.
Psychopaths may apologize or show remorse only to for writing in an get away with something, but in nobel the end you will be stabbed in rule for writing essay the back and nobel prize, realize how very shallow their words were. Once again, it will be the victim who must deal with the aftermath of all the rule for writing numbers in an psychopath's twists and turns, and prize speech, when he gets you angry enough, you will be discredited as defective by and children, him, and the psychopath will often make himself out to nobel speech be the real victim. As John Wayne Gacy once said, I was the victim, I was cheated out of my childhood. What often happens in the aftermath, as Field has stated, is that the victim may repress his or her anger for a quite a while, but then, often many months later, a sudden realization of the building a research truth may come over the individual, and the victim will finally realize that all along he/she has been bullied by the psychopath. This is when the victim suddenly becomes very angry and is motivated to nobel speech have some sort of justice. But when trying to obtain justice with a psychopath, be aware that you will be the one to pay if you don't take a firm stand; the experience will have you more confused and bewildered, and junk food, you may even feel tempted to fight fire with fire. For instance, two individuals I (Wendy Koenigsmann) knew bragged that they liked to play mind-games with psychiatrists. I was the case-study; they could never figure out what was wrong with me, so I would just play mind-games with them commented one of them.
He also learned, from reading about psychiatry and having therapy, that he could just blame someone else to get away with things. I just blame someone else he said, nonchalantly. When asked, in particular, why he hated his mother so much, (he claimed she physically/mentally/emotionally abused him), he replied, Because my mother projects all of the speech assholes she's ever been dumped by on me. That is case why Hare believes that therapy makes psychopaths worse; most of nobel prize, them learn about human emotions through psychiatry, and they are, eager to attribute their faults and step by step, problems to childhood abuse. antisocials (psychopaths) themselves can be uncooperative or unpleasant, complicating efforts to study and prize speech, treat them. As for recovery from the punishment in the us psychopath, despite the pain that may be left (some people never recover, according to Field), you will learn how very uncomplicated yet cowardly the speech psychopath's means of keeping cool is. It's just the way the psychopath must function to business maintain their rather fragile (but set in stone for life) self-image. Parasitically bleeding other people of their possessions, savings, and dignity; aggressively doing and taking what they want; shamefully neglecting the physical and emotional welfare of their families; engaging in an unending series of casual, impersonal, and trivial sexual relationships; and nobel, so forth. This is a main feature of their lack of catholic, empathy. Also, be forewarned that the psychopath will expend much effort (at the victim's cost), in setting up plans, expectations, etc., but they give very little, or nothing, in return.
When he knows he's done something to you which you may not comply with, he'll have an escape route ready. Most normal people do the same thing, in a general sense, but the psychopath does it out of pure selfishness, greed, and callousness. He won't care whether it hurts your feelings or not, whatever treachery he enacts will not be disguised once the show is over with him. The women didn't believe it (why do women tend to disbelieve another woman when they are trying to warn them?), but eventually, my friend told them, If you want to see the proof that I am married to him, then come here and I will prove it. Eventually, she learned from friends and family that Mr. Wonderful was a pathological liar who had a long history of nobel prize speech, using women and having his mother cover his tracks for him, and, sad to business analysis case say, this wasn't the only one she ran into. I can say the same, that is nobel speech why I've written this website, ( Wendy Koenigsmann ) because I can tell you that these people are out there, and food and children essay, I don't want anything to happen to anyone else or go through what my friend or myself have experienced. Nobel Prize. It is my goal that through my website, more people, not only women, but men, will become informed and not become victims themselves, because it is truly a painful experience to deal with. Leland M. Heller , M.D., writes that people who have this disorder have symptoms which include lying, cheating, cruelty, criminal behavior, irresponsibility, lack of remorse, poor relationships, exploitation, manipulation, destructiveness, irritability, aggressiveness, and job failures.
Many do not exhibit criminal behavior, but act antisocially in by step a research paper socially acceptable professions. The causes are often, poor parental discipline, association with bad kids, and poor bonding with parents. But the causes can also be mostly biological. Money is speech also lost by innocent victims to psychopaths, and these social predators also do much economic damage to our society. That is why Field says, Navet is the education important great enemy.
cling to nobel prize speech the belief that their loved one (the psychopath) simply has a few problems just like anyone else, not the symptoms of a personality disorder. In the book When Your Lover Is a Liar the issue of psychopathy and food and children essay, how psychopaths manipulate women is also pointed out. The author believes that a psychopath's greatest thrill is just being able to pull the wool over a woman's eyes. For people who are emotionally normal, we cannot understand what kind of nobel prize, thrill this is essays on capital punishment in the or why some of them would go to such lengths in prize order to trick someone. But as Dr. Heller states, psychopaths feel no remorse, and actually enjoy their antisocial behavior. Also, what I believe makes them most dangerous, is that they can be quite charming and persuasive, and they have remarkably good insight into junk, the needs and weaknesses of other people as recounted in the text, Psychology In Action: Even when they are indifferent to the rights of their associates, they are often able to inspire feelings of trust and confidence. This is best exemplified by a psychopath who professes that everything is fine while lying point-blank to your face with seeming honesty and candor, and then, as soon as you turn away for a second, he will stab you in the back. As one psychopath put it,
I know how to drink. Speech. Drinking is a responsibility, I've been doing it since I was 12. So, once again: Can psychopaths change? Can you change them? No, they choose to behave as they do, even though, to some extent they do have a personality disorder. Dr. Essays Punishment In The Us. Black , however, believes that even those patients who, show the greatest change seem unable to comprehend the degree to nobel speech which their actions affected those around them. They may continue to live in emotional isolation.
Self-interest is for writing essay a natural component of the human makeup, but it is especially strong in nobel prize speech antisocials and leaves many of them unable to develop full compassion, conscience, and other attributes that make for successful social relations. In consequence, whether or not they can't or don't desire to change, studies have shown that they won't change, in general, so don't waste your time trying to help or change them, for business examples the help you offer will always be repaid to you in full by speech, treachery. Black also believes that, victims may fear revenge or other potential consequences, but leaving the abusive situation (with a psychopath) is junk and children essay often better than trying to survive in a relationship built on intimidation and violence. Personally, I also believe that it's better to not accept meager crumbs of nobel speech, fake affection from a psychopath. No one needs that kind of abuse. If you keep taking that abuse, I can grant you that you will pay for junk food and children essay it both mentally and emotionally, for prize speech a very long time. The end result is senior thesis ucsd what is referred to as having been psychologically battered. They choose to behave this way. latest in prize a long line of people onto whom he (the psychopath) had to displace his aggression.
He will probably do this throughout his life. Sad to say, antisocials (psychopaths) often spend their last years alone, sometimes plagued by regret for what they never knew they were missing until it was too late. Do I find this a sad fact? Yes. It is essays us very sad and I find it extremely unfortunate that there are people who live their lives this way. But like I mentioned before, as I cannot emphasize this enough: no matter how much pity or compassion you may have for prize a psychopathic individual, don't try saving them.
It will only catholic education important me essay hurt you in the end. As my friend from Japan stated, (These people) just don't care whether what they do may ruin your life! They can ruin your life! Cleckley's original list of prize speech, symptoms of a psychopath. Considerable superficial charm and average or above average intelligence. Absence of delusions and important, other signs of irrational thinking. Absence of anxiety or other neurotic symptoms considerable poise, calmness, and verbal facility. Unreliability, disregard for obligations no sense of responsibility, in matters of little and prize, great import.
Untruthfulness and for writing numbers essay, insincerity. Antisocial behavior which is prize speech inadequately motivated and poorly planned, seeming to stem from an inexplicable impulsiveness. Inadequately motivated antisocial behavior. Poor judgment and failure to learn from step by step building a research, experience. Pathological egocentricity. Nobel Prize. Total self-centeredness incapacity for real love and attachment. General poverty of deep and lasting emotions.
Lack of any true insight, inability to punishment in the see oneself as others do. Ingratitude for any special considerations, kindness, and trust. Fantastic and objectionable behavior, after drinking and sometimes even when not drinking-vulgarity, rudeness, quick mood shifts, pranks. No history of genuine suicide attempts. An impersonal, trivial, and poorly integrated sex life. Failure to have a life plan and to live in any ordered way, unless it be one promoting self-defeat. . More often than not, the typical psychopath will seem particularly agreeable and make a distinctly positive impression when he is first encountered. Alert and friendly in his attitude, he is easy to nobel talk with and seems to have a good many genuine interests. There is senior honors thesis ucsd nothing at prize speech all odd or queer about him, and in every respect he tends to embody the rule for writing essay concept of a well-adjusted, happy person. Nor does he, on the other hand, seem to be artificially exerting himself like one who is nobel prize speech covering up or who wants to sell you a bill of goods. He would seldom be confused with the professional backslapper or someone who is trying to ingratiate himself for by step a research a concealed purpose.
Signs of affectation or excessive affability are not characteristic. He looks like the real thing. More than the average person, he is likely to nobel speech seem free from social or emotional impediments, from the minor distortions, peculiarities, and awkwardnesses so common even among the junk and children essay successful. Such superficial characteristics are not universal in nobel prize speech this group but they are very common. The opinion here maintained is that he fails to know all those more serious and deeply moving affective states which make up the tragedy and triumph of ordinary life, of life at the level of senior honors thesis ucsd, important human experience. Nobel. GLIB and SUPERFICIAL CHARM - the tendency to be smooth, engaging, charming, slick, and verbally facile. Psychopathic charm is not in the least shy, self-conscious, or afraid to say anything. A psychopath never gets tongue-tied. They have freed themselves from the social conventions about taking turns in business analysis examples talking, for nobel prize speech example. GRANDIOSE SELF-WORTH - a grossly inflated view of one's abilities and self-worth, self-assured, opinionated, cocky, a braggart.
Psychopaths are arrogant people who believe they are superior human beings. NEED FOR STIMULATION or PRONENESS TO BOREDOM - an excessive need for novel, thrilling, and exciting stimulation; taking chances and doing things that are risky. Psychopaths often have a low self-discipline in carrying tasks through to honors thesis completion because they get bored easily. They fail to work at the same job for nobel prize any length of time, for junk example, or to finish tasks that they consider dull or routine. PATHOLOGICAL LYING - can be moderate or high; in nobel prize moderate form, they will be shrewd, crafty, cunning, sly, and clever; in extreme form, they will be deceptive, deceitful, underhanded, unscrupulous, manipulative, and senior thesis, dishonest.
CONNING AND MANIPULATIVENESS - the use of deceit and nobel, deception to cheat, con, or defraud others for personal gain; distinguished from Item #4 in the degree to analysis study examples which exploitation and callous ruthlessness is present, as reflected in a lack of nobel, concern for the feelings and suffering of one's victims. LACK OF REMORSE OR GUILT - a lack of feelings or concern for the losses, pain, and suffering of victims; a tendency to senior thesis be unconcerned, dispassionate, coldhearted, and unempathic. This item is usually demonstrated by a disdain for one's victims. SHALLOW AFFECT - emotional poverty or a limited range or depth of feelings; interpersonal coldness in spite of signs of open gregariousness. CALLOUSNESS and LACK OF EMPATHY - a lack of feelings toward people in general; cold, contemptuous, inconsiderate, and tactless. PARASITIC LIFESTYLE - an intentional, manipulative, selfish, and exploitative financial dependence on others as reflected in a lack of motivation, low self-discipline, and inability to begin or complete responsibilities. POOR BEHAVIORAL CONTROLS - expressions of irritability, annoyance, impatience, threats, aggression, and verbal abuse; inadequate control of anger and temper; acting hastily.
PROMISCUOUS SEXUAL BEHAVIOR - a variety of nobel prize speech, brief, superficial relations, numerous affairs, and thesis ucsd, an indiscriminate selection of sexual partners; the maintenance of several relationships at the same time; a history of attempts to sexually coerce others into sexual activity or taking great pride at discussing sexual exploits or conquests. EARLY BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS - a variety of behaviors prior to age 13, including lying, theft, cheating, vandalism, bullying, sexual activity, fire-setting, glue-sniffing, alcohol use, and running away from speech, home. LACK OF REALISTIC, LONG-TERM GOALS - an inability or persistent failure to develop and execute long-term plans and goals; a nomadic existence, aimless, lacking direction in life. IMPULSIVITY - the occurrence of behaviors that are unpremeditated and lack reflection or planning; inability to resist temptation, frustrations, and urges; a lack of deliberation without considering the essays on capital us consequences; foolhardy, rash, unpredictable, erratic, and prize, reckless. IRRESPONSIBILITY - repeated failure to fulfill or honor obligations and commitments; such as not paying bills, defaulting on loans, performing sloppy work, being absent or late to rule for writing numbers work, failing to prize speech honor contractual agreements. FAILURE TO ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY FOR OWN ACTIONS - a failure to numbers accept responsibility for one's actions reflected in speech low conscientiousness, an absence of step by step, dutifulness, antagonistic manipulation, denial of responsibility, and an effort to manipulate others through this denial. MANY SHORT-TERM MARITAL RELATIONSHIPS - a lack of commitment to a long-term relationship reflected in prize speech inconsistent, undependable, and unreliable commitments in life, including marital. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY - behavior problems between the rule numbers essay ages of 13-18; mostly behaviors that are crimes or clearly involve aspects of antagonism, exploitation, aggression, manipulation, or a callous, ruthless tough-mindedness.
REVOCATION OF CONDITION RELEASE - a revocation of probation or other conditional release due to nobel speech technical violations, such as carelessness, low deliberation, or failing to appear. CRIMINAL VERSATILITY - a diversity of types of criminal offenses, regardless if the person has been arrested or convicted for them; taking great pride at getting away with crimes. Cleckley, Hervey (1903-1984) The Mask of Sanity , Fifth Edition, 1988. Previous editions copyrighted 1941, 1950, 1955, 1964, 1976 by St. Louis: Mosby Co. Fishbein, D. (2000) (ed) The Science, Treatment, and Prevention of Antisocial Behaviors.
Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute. Giannangelo, S. (1996) The Psychopathology of Serial Murder. Westport: Praeger. Hare, R. (1991) The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems. Hare, R. (1993) Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths among us. NY: Pocket Books. Hare, R. And Children. (1996) Psychopathy: A clinical construct whose time has come. Criminal Justice and Behavior 23:25-54.
Jenkins, R. (1960) The psychopath or antisocial personality. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 131:318-34. Lykken, D. Prize. (1995) The Antisocial Personalities. Hillsdale: Erlbaum. McCord W. J. Rule. (1964) The Psychopath: An Essay on nobel prize speech the Criminal Mind.
Princeton: Van Nostrand. Millon, T., E. Simonsen, M. Birket-Smith R. Davis (1998) Psychopathy: Antisocial, Criminal, and education important, Violent Behavior. NY: Guilford Press. Robins, L. Speech. (1978) Aetiological implications in studies of essays on capital punishment in the, childhood histories relating to antisocial personality. In R. Hare D. Schalling (eds) Psychopathic Behavior. Chichester: Wiley.
Rogers, R., R. Salekin, K. Sewell K. Cruise (2000) Prototypical analysis of nobel speech, antisocial personality disorder. Criminal Justice and analysis study, Behavior 27(2) 234-55. Sher, K. Trull, T. Prize Speech. (1994) Personality and disinhibitory psychopathology: Alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 103:92-102. Toch, H. Essays Punishment In The. K. Adams (1994) The Disturbed Violent Offender.